Camden & Atlantic 2-4-4 Locomotives of the USA


Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class John Lucas (Locobase 1083)

Data from DeGolyer, Volume 8, p 189. See also Baldwin Locomotive Works, Illustrated Catalogue of Locomotives, 2nd Edition (Philadelphia, Pa: J B Lippincott & Co, 1881), pp. 138-142. Works number was 4287 in March 1878.

Although built for the C & A and initially in that railroad's service, this locomotive had an unusual history. It shuttled back and forth over the 6 3/4 miles (10.9 km) between Camden and Haddonfield, 11 3/4 miles (18.9 km) between Camden and Lakeside, and 19 miles (30.6 km) Camden-Atco for about 20 years. Baldwin's Illustrated Catalogue included tables of repairs and running costs for the John Lucas. Superintendent F A Lister's 15 September 1880 commentary reported that the daily run mileage averaged 143 miles (230 km) or 33,261 miles (53,550 km) in 1878 and 34,907 miles (56,200 km) in 1879. Average speed was 20 mph (32 kph). Coal consumption averaged 3,984 lb (1,807 kg) per day and a tank load of water sufficed for pulling two cars over 20 miles.

According to http://www.surinam.nu/sme/archi9.html (visited 6 January 2005), the John Lucas only had 35,000 miles on it when gold adventurer Howard A Pedrick bought the engine in 1899 and shipped it to Suriname in northern South America. Lister's summary suggests that the 2005 account should have said that the locomotive had averaged 35,000 miles/year.

Pedrick was hoping to exploit gold reserves in the Marowijne River region and this engine, as well as another, were used in carving an entry into the jungle. But the whole operation was a shoestring affair and the railroad soon fell into decay. By 1907, all of the property had been sold at auction and the two locomotives, along with most of the other heavy equipment, were left to rust in the jungle.

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassJohn Lucas
Locobase ID1083
RailroadCamden & Atlantic
CountryUSA
Whyte2-4-4T
Number in Class1
Road Numbers1
GaugeStd
Number Built1
BuilderBurnham, Parry, Williams & Co
Year1878
Valve GearStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft)5
Engine Wheelbase (ft)26.08
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.19
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft)26.08
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs)
Weight on Drivers (lbs)24,000
Engine Weight (lbs)45,000
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs)
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs)45,000
Tender Water Capacity (gals)650
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons)
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd)20
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in)51
Boiler Pressure (psi)125
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in)11" x 18"
Tractive Effort (lbs)4538
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 5.29
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft)
Grate Area (sq ft)14.60
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft)
Superheating Surface (sq ft)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft)
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation1825
Same as above plus superheater percentage1825
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area
Power L1
Power MT


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