Carolina, Clinchfield & Ohio 2-6-6-2 Locomotives of the USA


Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class M-1 (Locobase 12371)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University, Volume 45, pp. 303-307. Works number was 33551 in July 1909.

Although the Clinchfield would be better known for its large 2-8-8-2s and the Challengers that came much later, the road started with 6-axle Mallets. Its prototype was this locomotive, which was followed very quickly by 10 with more cylinder volume and a bigger boiler; see Locobase 11078 for a full discussion of the Clinchfield's motivation in buying these articulateds.

500 was never superheated and operated for almost 20 years before being scrapped in September 1938.


Class M-2 (Locobase 11078)

Data from "Freight (2-6-6-2) and Passsenger Locomotives for a Low Grade Line," American Engineer and Railroad Journal (September 1910 ), pp. 357-358. See also DeGolyer, Volume 45, pp. 309+. Works numbers were 34865-34867 in June 1910; 34922, 34966, 34969-34970, 35001 in July; and 35053-35054 in August.

Although the Clinchfield would be better known for its large 2-8-8-2s and the Challengers that came much later, the road started with 6-axle Mallets. The 1910 AERJ report describes the Clinch taking practically a straight north-south line between Elkhorn City, Kentucky and Spartanburg, SC. "The line is built in the most modern manner throughout," the writer observed,"with no hesitating at expensive cuts and tunnels or extensive trestle work to obtain the straightest line with a minimum grade."

Because the result was a ruling grade of 1/2% and relatively gentle curves and the traffic primarily coal trains, the aligment offered "...apparently almost ideal conditions for the general use of articulated compound locomotives." After working with a single M-1 engine produced in July 1909 (Locobase 12371) and finding that it could "very comfortably handle" 4,000-ton trains, the railway went to Baldwin for ten somewhat larger and more powerful locomotives.

The design was very similar to several other classes then in service on other roads. It made use of the then-fashionable Baldwin smokebox superheater, which intercepted the exhausted steam from the HP cylinders and reheated it before transmitting it to the LP cylinders. All four cylinders used 15"(381 mm) piston valves, the HP set for inside admission, the LP using outside admission. Because the big grate was handfired, the locomotives had two firedoors and were referred to as "double-door Mallets."

Baldwin rebuilt some of these engines with Schmidt superheaters in 1923

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassM-1M-2
Locobase ID12371 11078
RailroadCarolina, Clinchfield & Ohio (Clinchfield)Carolina, Clinchfield & Ohio (Clinchfield)
CountryUSAUSA
Whyte2-6-6-22-6-6-2
Number in Class110
Road Numbers500550-559/510-519
GaugeStdStd
Number Built110
BuilderBaldwinBaldwin
Year19091910
Valve GearWalschaertWalschaert
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase29.67'31'
Engine Wheelbase44.83'46.50'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.66 0.67
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)73.67'74.92'
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)50300 lbs58500 lbs
Weight on Drivers299250 lbs325850 lbs
Engine Weight342650 lbs378650 lbs
Tender Light Weight157250 lbs179000 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight499900 lbs557650 lbs
Tender Water Capacity8000 gals10000 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)14 tons15 tons
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)83 lb/yard91 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter57"57"
Boiler Pressure200 psi200 psi
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke)23" x 32"24" x 32"
Low Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke)32" x 32" (2)37" x 32" (2)
Tractive Effort66579 lbs77386 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.49 4.21
Heating Ability
Firebox Area223.30 sq. ft233 sq. ft
Grate Area78 sq. ft78 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface5607 sq. ft5752 sq. ft
Superheating Surface
Combined Heating Surface5607 sq. ft5752 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume364.38343.30
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation1560015600
Same as above plus superheater percentage1560015600
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area4466046600
Power L142893300
Power MT189.59133.96


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