United States Railroad Administration 2-6-6-2 Locomotives of the USA


Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class Light mallet (Locobase 14240)

Data from tables in 1930 Locomotive Cyclopedia, "Standard 2-6-6-2 Type Locomotive," Railway Mechanical Engineer, Vol 93, No 2 (February 1919), pp. 75-77 and from American Locomotive Company, Standardized Locomotives, US Railroad Administration (Alco Pamphlet 10049, 1918), pp. 32-33, reprinted by (Ocean, NJ: Specialty Press , 1973), and DeGolyer, Vol 58, pp. 173+.

See also "Standard Equipment Specialties," Railway Mechanical Engineer, Vol 93, No 3 (March 1919), pp. 137-138 for a list of all the "special equipment" by manufacturers--everything from air brakes to lubricators to rolled steel wheels--and the USRA designs on which they appeared.

This design was one of two articulated types that formed part of the roster of standardized designs developed for general production in WW I. Its firebox was of similar design to that of the USRA's Light 2-10-2 (Locobase 89) except for a somewhat longer combustion chamber. That section, which presented 155 sq ft (14.4 sq m), and 34 sq ft (3.15 sq m) of arch tubes contributed to firebox heating surface. Twelve-inch (305 mm) piston valves served the HP cylinders while slide valves supplied the LP cylinders. The boiler's tube and flue count was identical to the Light 2-10-2, except that each unit measured 42" (1,067 mm) longer.

These light USRA Mallets weren't very well received. Only 30 were built, 10 by Baldwin, 20 by Alco Schenectady. See Locobase 299 for the C&O's opinion of the design and Locobase 7896 for the Wheeling engines.

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassLight mallet
Locobase ID14240
RailroadUnited States Railroad Administration (USRA)
CountryUSA
Whyte2-6-6-2
Number in Class
Road Numbers10000
GaugeStd
Number Built
Builderseveral
Year1918
Valve GearBaker
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase10.50'
Engine Wheelbase45.75'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.23
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)89.42'
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)60100 lbs
Weight on Drivers358000 lbs
Engine Weight448000 lbs
Tender Light Weight206500 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight654500 lbs
Tender Water Capacity12000 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)16 tons
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)99 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter57"
Boiler Pressure225 psi
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke)23" x 32"
Low Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke)35" x 32" (2)
Tractive Effort79336 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.51
Heating Ability
Firebox Area416 sq. ft
Grate Area76.30 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface5443 sq. ft
Superheating Surface1292 sq. ft
Combined Heating Surface6735 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume353.72
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation17168
Same as above plus superheater percentage20429
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area111384
Power L111488
Power MT424.47


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