The RAarticle of 25 December 1914, p. 1194, gives us an insight into how the Mastodons were used in order to contrast them to the greater power of the electrics:
"On October 10 a double-unit electric locomotive was put in the day freight service on the main line between East Anaconda and Rocker, a distance of 20.1 miles. The steam locomotive replaced in this instance was of the Mastodon type ... The standard train hauled on the trip west was 50 to 55 loaded ore cars weighing approximately 3,500 to 4,000 tons gross and the average running time of such trains where no stops were made was about l 1/2 hours, corresponding to an average speed of approximately 13.4 miles per hour."
How did the electrics compare?
"In the beginning the electric locomotive took only the standard train, but made the trip without stop in about one hour, corresponding to an average speed of 20 miles per hour. The ruling gradient on the westward trip is 0.3 per cent and about half the distance is down grade. On the 0.3 per cent grade with a 55-car train, the steam locomotive made about 7 miles per hour. The electric locomotives with similar train now make about 16 miles per hour on the same grade."
Note too: "The weight of the trains hauled by the electric locomotives on this run has been gradually increased up to 65 loaded ore cars averaging about 71 tons each, making the gross weight trailing about 4,620 tons. Adding 160 tons for the weight of the double-unit electric locomotives and 20 tons for the caboose makes a gross train weight of approximately 4,800 tons."
How about elsewhere on the BA& P?:
"The service on the Missoula Gulch line running between Rocker and Butte Hill yards was taken over for electrical operation on October 20. This line is 4.5 miles in length and the ruling gradient 2.5 per cent. The steam locomotives used on this line were of the Mastodon type ...Two complete crews had been required to handle this service during steam operation, averaging six trips per day each. A single crew with a double-unit electric locomotive has been doing this work successfully. Thirty-five to 45 loaded ore cars are taken down from Butte Hill yard to Rocker, and about an equal number of empties taken up. In addition to the empties, large quantities of timber and supplies for the mines are delivered over this line."
|Specifications by Steve Llanso|
|Railroad||Butte, Anaconda & Pacific|
|Locomotive Length and Weight|
|Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase|
|Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)|
|Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)|
|Weight on Drivers||173480 lbs|
|Engine Weight||212740 lbs|
|Tender Light Weight||112000 lbs|
|Total Engine and Tender Weight||324740 lbs|
|Tender Water Capacity||5500 gals|
|Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)||10 tons|
|Minimum weight of rail (calculated) on which locomotive could run||58 lb/yard|
|Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort|
|Boiler Pressure||210 psi|
|High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke)||23" x 32" (1)|
|Low Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke)||34" x 32" (1)|
|Tractive Effort||37018 lbs|
|Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort)||4.69|
|Grate Area||34.75 sq. ft|
|Evaporative Heating Surface||3380 sq. ft|
|Combined Heating Surface||3380 sq. ft|
|Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume||439.30|
|Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)|
|Robert LeMassena's Power Computation||7298|
|Same as above plus superheater percentage||7298|
|Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area||0|