Centennial Narrow Gauge 4-4-0 "American" Locomotives of the USA


Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class Schuykill (Locobase 9681)

Data from Emory Edwards, Modern American Locomotive Engines, (Philadelphia: Henry Carey Baird & Co, 1883), pp. 120, 122. Baldwin works numbers 3878 in May 1876.

Like the 2-6-0 shown in Locobase 9680, this engine was acquired by the Easton, PA-based West End Railway Company to operate on a narrow-gauge line at the 1876 Centennial Exhibition. It's interesting that the larger boiler went on the Eight-wheeler and not the Mogul. The 4-4-0 also had fewer fire tubes with larger diameters.

After not being delivered to the Manhattan Beach Railway, the Schuykill was sold to the Foxburg, Saint Petersburg & Clarion in western Pennsylvania (part of the Pittsburgh & Western network) in 1878 as their #1. The FSP & C was sold to the Pittsburgh, Bradford & Buffalo in 1881 and the engine went along as its #1. This railroad also was part of the P & W network, which the #1 served until it was sold in January 1892 to the Altoona & Wopsononock Railroad, which was reorganized in 1893 as the Altoona, Clearfield & Northern Railroad, which in turn was reorganized in 1897 as the Altoona & Beech Creek Railroad.

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassSchuykill
Locobase ID9681
RailroadCentennial Narrow Gauge
CountryUSA
Whyte4-4-0
Number in Class1
Road Numbers
Gauge3'
Number Built1
BuilderBurnham, Parry, Williams & Co
Year1876
Valve GearStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft) 7.50
Engine Wheelbase (ft)18.58
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.40
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft)
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs)
Weight on Drivers (lbs)26,000
Engine Weight (lbs)42,000
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs)
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs)
Tender Water Capacity (gals)2000
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons)
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd)22
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in)42
Boiler Pressure (psi)130
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in)12" x 16"
Tractive Effort (lbs)6062
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.29
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft)72
Grate Area (sq ft) 8.50
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft)562
Superheating Surface (sq ft)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft)562
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume268.34
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation1105
Same as above plus superheater percentage1105
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area9360
Power L14006
Power MT679.36


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