Dayton-Goose Creek 4-4-0 "American" Locomotives of the USA

Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 104 (Locobase 9692)

Data from "...Eight-Wheel Type Locomotive for the Dayton-Goose Creek Railroad", Railway and Locomotive Engineering, Vol XXXV, No. 2 (February 1922), pp. 42-43. See also DeGolyer, Vol 65, pp. 84+. For the railway, see Barbara H. Fisher, "DAYTON-GOOSE CREEK RAILWAY," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed February 17, 2013. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.l.

This was a Texas oil-patch railway begun in 1917 that covered about 25 miles (40.2 km) of mostly flat land on 60 lb/yard (30 kg/metre) rail. It connected Dayton, which lay on the Texas & New Orleans Railroad (subsidiary of the Southern Pacific), to Humble Oil's Baytown refinery. The D-GC's earnings made it a profitable line. As 1926 figures suggest, passenger earnings ($5,000) were dwarfed, as might be expected, by the $157,000 of freight revenue.

Apparently needing a good local-service locomotive of moderate power, the D-GC Rwy and the builder settled on the 4-4-0 layout and produced one of the last such engines (works #55150) supplied by a US builder to a US railroad. The design duplicated an engine with the same road number that Baldwin had delivered to the Red River & Gulf in Louisiana in 1919 (see Locobase 14298). The two differed in the 104's having a Vanderbilt cylindrical tender and spoke-center engine truck wheels. The design's equalizing beams were to be "extra heavy."

The D&GC 104 was oil-fired, had 8" (203 mm) piston valves, and was superheated to a useful degree. Along the boiler were arrayed three domes, the one forward for sand, the one in the middle for steam, the one just behind that for more sand.

The D-GC was sold to the Southern Pacific in 1926, which leased the line to the T & NO for eight years, then merged all of the SP properties into the T & NO. The D-GC's 104 was renumbered 192 on the SP, then 223 on the T & NO.

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Locobase ID9692
RailroadDayton-Goose Creek
Number in Class1
Road Numbers104 / 192 / 223
Number Built1
Valve GearWalschaert
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase8'
Engine Wheelbase21.75'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.37
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)46.48'
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)
Weight on Drivers54500 lbs
Engine Weight89000 lbs
Tender Light Weight93000 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight182000 lbs
Tender Water Capacity4000 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)2000 gals
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)45 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter60"
Boiler Pressure180 psi
Cylinders (dia x stroke)15" x 24"
Tractive Effort13770 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 3.96
Heating Ability
Firebox Area87 sq. ft
Grate Area15.50 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface698 sq. ft
Superheating Surface157 sq. ft
Combined Heating Surface855 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume142.20
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation2790
Same as above plus superheater percentage3292
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area18479
Power L19336
Power MT755.31

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