Chicago, Memphis & Gulf / Illinois Central / Ohio Valley / Vicksburg, Shreveport & Pacific 4-4-0 "American" Locomotives of the USA


Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 10 (Locobase 7035)

Data from the IC 1911 Locomotive Data and 1913ca Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. See also DeGolyer, Volume 15, p.189. Works numbers were 10421 and 10424 in November 1889.

Possessing a bigger boiler than most of the other Eight-wheelers that wound up on the Illinois Central, these engines didn't have a comparably sized grate. As a consequence, they probably ran short of steam more readily.

As noted in Locobase 7000, the ex-OV was leased to the Illinois Central for 99 years in 1897 and these two engines were taken into the IC motive power roster. 4954 retired more than 30 years later in July 1929, but 4953 lasted almost 6 years longer before its withdrawal in June 1935.


Class 1901 (Locobase 7028)

Data from the IC 1911 Locomotive Data and 1913ca Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

As the IC was turning out Moguls in 1888 (see Locobase 7016), it took the same boiler and grate and made passenger-engine Americans out of the basic design.


Class 1905 (Locobase 7029)

Data from the IC 1911 Locomotive Data and 1913ca Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

Much of the IC's 19th-Century locomotive roster consisted of freight or mixed-traffic engines. In this year, however, Brooks provided 25 locomotives in two classes. The more common was the group described in Locobase 7031. The sextet represented here had the tallest drivers by far of any IC engines of the period, of a diameter suitable for true express work.


Class 1912 (Locobase 7031)

Data from the IC 1911 Locomotive Data and 1913ca Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

As noted in Locobase 7029, most of the IC's locomotive roster in the 19th-Century consisted of freight or mixed-traffic locomotives. This relatively numerous class was typical of the railroad.


Class 1930 (Locobase 7032)

Data from the IC 1911 Locomotive Data and 1913ca Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

Rogers supplied two sets of Americans to the IC in the last decade of the 19th Century. They seem to have used the same grate, but had different boilers. See Locobase 7033 for the other variant.


Class 1933 (Locobase 7033)

Data from the IC 1911 Locomotive Data and 1913ca Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

This septet had the same running gear and cylinders as the Rogers trio that was delivered to the IC the year before. The firebox was a bit smaller and the boiler had 8 fewer tubes. The difference in tube heating surface doesn't quite compute but both the 1911 listing and the 1913 diagram insist on the numbers given in the specs.


Class 1940 (Locobase 7030)

Data from the IC 1911 Locomotive Data and 1913ca Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

The long wheelbase on these Brooks engines comes from the tradtional placement of the firebox between the driving axles. Given the long span between the leading driving axle and the truck, this engine had a low and overextended profile.


Class 1948 (Locobase 7034)

Data from the IC 1911 Locomotive Data and 1913ca Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

Cooke's contribution to the IC's American holding was this set of engines with a greater than usual amount of direct heating surface. Because the firebox still stood between the driving axle and its length and width were no greater than usual, this meant an exceptionally deep firebox.


Class 2, 4-5, 5-7/2196 (Locobase 7042)

Data from the IC 1911 Locomotive Data and 1913ca Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. See also DeGolyer, Volume 12, p. 224. Works numbers were 7715 in November 1885, 7963 in May 1886, and 8429 in March 1887, and 8713-8714 in August.

Like the other IC Eight-wheelers of the time, these were among the lightest and smallest Americans in service. They all wound up on the Illinois Central.

(7961 - #3 in B & ASL service - became 3 on the Ohio Valley. It did not join the others on the IC, apparently.)


Class 2157 (Locobase 7037)

Data from the IC 1911 Locomotive Data and 1913ca Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

A pair of Americans, about average for the time in the size of their boilers, but possessing small grates, small fireboxes, and relatively modest adhesive weight.


Class 2169 (Locobase 7038)

Data from the IC 1911 Locomotive Data and 1913ca Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

Like their Rogers-built stablemates (Locobase 7037), these home-built Americans were among the smallest of that wheel arrangement in service in the mid-1880s. Yet, as late as 1913, they still held places in the IC's roster. One suspects that the low axle-loading had a lot to do with their longevity.


Class 2180 (Locobase 7039)

Data from the IC 1911 Locomotive Data and 1913ca Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

As the IC built its own Americans, it also bought a pair from Pittsburgh. The IC engines' boilers were bigger but the firebox was about the same size and the locomotives generated about the same amount of power.


Class 2184 (Locobase 7040)

Data from the IC 1911 Locomotive Data and 1913ca Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

Even for the time, these were small locomotives in every important respect: boiler size, grate and firebox areas, and relatively modest adhesive weight. The latter is perhaps most indicative of the intent of the design. These were light-footed engines that would be welcome on almost any branch line.


Class 2190 (Locobase 7043)

Data from the IC 1911 Locomotive Data and 1913ca Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

These were par-for-the-course IC Eight-wheelers, which meant that they were among the smallest in standard-gauge service in the US at the time.


Class 2197 (Locobase 7041)

Data from the IC 1911 Locomotive Data and 1913ca Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

Another in a series of small American designs that wound up on the IC. Locobase doesn't know the provenance of this particular loner, but figures it explored branch lines in some of the remoter areas of the IC system.


Class 4 (Locobase 11195)

Data from "Old Time Illinois Central Engine," Railway and Locomotive Engineering, Vol 23, No 4 (April 1910), p 140. Boiler pressure is an estimate.

A wodd-burner credited to Superintendent of Machinery Samuel J Hayes, this locomotive had a noticeably large firebox heating surface for the time. Hayes had designed many of the B & O's most successful early locomotives and this effort also yielded a solid layout that was copied many times over.

The illustration in the article is credited to Matthias N Forney, then a draftsman for the IC.


Class 6 (Locobase 13881)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University Volume 40, p. 4. Works number was 37230 in December 1911.

A light American, this engine served the Dyerburg-Hickman line in both the CM & G number (6) and successor Illinois Central's 2107. It was scrapped sometime between 1924 and 1928.


Class 961 (Locobase 2156)

Data from Catalogue Descriptive of Simple and Compound Locomotives built by Brooks Locomotive Works, Dunkirk, NY (Buffalo, NY: Matthew-Northrup Company, 1899) and IC 1911 Locomotive Data book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection . See also P J Conlon, "Locomotive Lore - Chapter XIV", Machinists Monthly Journal, Volume XIII, No. 10 (October 1901), p. 746. Builder info from B.Rumary, 25 Kingscombe, Gurney Slade, Radstock, BA3 4TH, ENGLAND and Jeremy Lambert as supplied by Allen Stanley in March 2004. Works numbers were 2716-2723 in November 1896.

The design of this class was credited to IC's Superintendent of Machinery W Renshaw. The boiler was an improved Belpaire type with a firebox credited with 152.2 sq ft of heating surface area that together with the tube area offered a total evaporative heating surface of 1,802 sq ft. Between its delivery and the preparation of the 1911 description listing, the IC added arch tubes (Locobase supposes), which increased direct heating surface area by 25%. The resulting figures are shown in the specifications.

P J Conlon looked at the locomotive in 1901 and didn't like what he saw, apparently because of the resulting "decided foreign appearance." He observed: "The sand box and air pump are located under the boiler, with the main object of clearing the top of the boiler of all parts that could be placed elsewhere without detriment and also for the sake of cleanliness and neatness of appearance. Another novel feature is a brass number plate on the side of the boiler."

Conlon approved of the "unusually large" cab, which he credited with "...affording most comfortable quarters for the engineer and fireman."

As part of Locobase's effort to preserve a sampling of the identities of component suppliers to the major builders in various periods, the equipment supplied included:

National hollow brake beams

Gollmar bell-ringer

Cicero bronze bearings

Smith exhaust nozzle

Monitor injectors

United States metallic packing

Ashton safety valves

Dean sander

French springs

Paige spoke engine truck wheel

American balanced valves with Allen parts

The class was scrapped in 1922-1924.


Class E3 (Locobase 7957)

Data from CNO&TP 1893 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

There were almost certainly at least three in the class as 317's works number was 2503 and 320's was 2505. These low-drivered Eight-wheelers were used in mixed passenger-freight operations.

The VS & P was later merged into the Cincinnati, New Orleans & Texas Pacific.


Class F5 (Locobase 7951)

Data from CNO&TP 1893 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

Some of the small number of locomotives produced by this Massachusetts builder, this class came in two driver sizes. The first four had the 62" wheels as shown, the last two had 56" drivers.The VS & P was later merged into the Cincinnati, New Orleans & Texas Pacific.

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Class101901190519121930
Locobase ID7035 7028 7029 7031 7032
RailroadOhio Valley (IC)Illinois Central (IC)Illinois Central (IC)Illinois Central (IC)Illinois Central (IC)
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-4-04-4-04-4-04-4-04-4-0
Number in Class246193
Road Numbers10-11/1953-954/1953-1954/4953-49541901-19041905-19111912-19291930-1932
GaugeStdStdStdStdStd
Number Built246193
BuilderBurnham, Parry, Williams & CoICBrooksBrooksRogers
Year18891888189018911892
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft) 8.75 8.50 8.50 8.50 9.08
Engine Wheelbase (ft)22.8322.9822.6722.6723.42
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.38 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.39
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft)45.4345.9647.4247.4246.62
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs)
Weight on Drivers (lbs)58,00062,10082,40083,90068,200
Engine Weight (lbs)90,00096,100119,700119,400110,200
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs)63,00080,00080,00080,00080,000
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs)153,000176,100199,700199,400190,200
Tender Water Capacity (gals)35003850385038503850
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons)6 7.50 7.50 7.50 7.50
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd)4852697057
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in)64.75697564.7569
Boiler Pressure (psi)165150175165165
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in)18" x 24"18" x 24"18" x 24"18" x 24"18" x 24"
Tractive Effort (lbs)16,84314,36915,42216,84315,806
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 3.44 4.32 5.34 4.98 4.31
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft)136123.50136136147.50
Grate Area (sq ft)17.5017.20292917.40
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft)16101366152515251559
Superheating Surface (sq ft)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft)16101366152515251559
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume227.77193.25215.74215.74220.55
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation28882580507547852871
Same as above plus superheater percentage28882580507547852871
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area22,44018,52523,80022,44024,338
Power L157694840682455556165
Power MT438.57343.65365.15291.93398.58

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Class1933194019482, 4-5, 5-7/21962157
Locobase ID7033 7030 7034 7042 7037
RailroadIllinois Central (IC)Illinois Central (IC)Illinois Central (IC)Ohio Valley (IC)Illinois Central (IC)
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-4-04-4-04-4-04-4-04-4-0
Number in Class78562
Road Numbers1933-19391940-19471948-19521196, 1198-1201 / 2196, 2198-22002157-2158
GaugeStdStdStdStdStd
Number Built78562
BuilderRogersBrooksCookeBurnham, Parry, Williams & CoRogers
Year18931894189318851884
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft) 9.08 9.25 9.08 8.25 8.25
Engine Wheelbase (ft)23.4223.5823.4222.1722.38
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.39 0.39 0.39 0.37 0.37
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft)46.6246.7946.6245.24
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs)
Weight on Drivers (lbs)77,00077,00066,00049,30048,800
Engine Weight (lbs)118,800118,800103,00078,60077,300
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs)80,00080,00080,00063,00080,000
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs)198,800198,800183,000141,600157,300
Tender Water Capacity (gals)38503850385035003850
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons) 7.50 7.50 7.506 7.50
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd)6464554141
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in)6969636358.50
Boiler Pressure (psi)165165165140140
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in)18" x 24"18" x 24"18" x 24"17" x 24"17" x 24"
Tractive Effort (lbs)15,80615,80617,31113,10114,109
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.87 4.87 3.81 3.76 3.46
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft)137.99163.26157121102.98
Grate Area (sq ft)17.4017.8618.4016.5015.80
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft)14461529136911951258
Superheating Surface (sq ft)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft)14461529136911951258
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume204.57216.31193.67189.53199.52
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation28712947303623102212
Same as above plus superheater percentage28712947303623102212
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area22,76826,93825,90516,94014,417
Power L157346296527941973838
Power MT328.35360.53352.67375.37346.78

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Class21692180218421902197
Locobase ID7038 7039 7040 7043 7041
RailroadIllinois Central (IC)Illinois Central (IC)Illinois Central (IC)Illinois Central (IC)Illinois Central (IC)
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-4-04-4-04-4-04-4-04-4-0
Number in Class72641
Road Numbers2169-21762180-21812184-21892190-21932197
GaugeStdStdStdStdStd
Number Built72641
BuilderICPittsburghSchenectadySchenectadyPittsburgh
Year18851888188118841886
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft) 8.50 8.67 8.50 8.50 8.33
Engine Wheelbase (ft)22.4222.7522.6722.9222.37
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.38 0.38 0.37 0.37 0.37
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft)44.99
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs)
Weight on Drivers (lbs)53,10061,20045,60050,50051,000
Engine Weight (lbs)83,40088,60071,00078,25082,000
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs)80,00073,70063,00063,00063,000
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs)163,400162,300134,000141,250145,000
Tender Water Capacity (gals)38503000350035003500
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons) 7.50 7.50666
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd)4451384243
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in)64.7564636363
Boiler Pressure (psi)140160150140140
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in)17" x 24"17" x 24"17" x 24"17" x 24"17" x 24"
Tractive Effort (lbs)12,74714,73914,03713,10113,101
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.17 4.15 3.25 3.85 3.89
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft)10612599119107
Grate Area (sq ft)17.0517.2517.2517.3016
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft)11261177104812501042
Superheating Surface (sq ft)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft)11261177104812501042
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume178.59186.68166.22198.26165.27
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation23872760258824222240
Same as above plus superheater percentage23872760258824222240
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area14,84020,00014,85016,66014,980
Power L139684878385443023677
Power MT329.49351.44372.66375.61317.90

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Class46961E3F5
Locobase ID11,195 13,881 2156 7957 7951
RailroadIllinois Central (IC)Chicago, Memphis & Gulf (IC)Illinois Central (IC)Vicksburg, Shreveport & Pacific (IC)Vicksburg, Shreveport & Pacific (IC)
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-4-04-4-04-4-04-4-04-4-0
Number in Class11937
Road Numbers46 / 2107961-969 / 1961-69 / 4961+317, 320310-312, 319, 321-322
GaugeStdStdStdStdStd
Number Built11937
BuilderICBaldwinBrooksRogersTaunton
Year18631911189618781870
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft)8 8.75 6.17 7.50
Engine Wheelbase (ft)21.7523.5921.5822.25
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.37 0.37 0.29 0.34
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft)44.0450.5044.4644.67
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs)
Weight on Drivers (lbs)36,50052,00080,00042,50030,500
Engine Weight (lbs)60,00080,000120,00068,00064,000
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs)50,50090,000
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs)130,500210,000
Tender Water Capacity (gals)2500420026002400
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons)5 8.50
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd)3043673525
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in)62.2562755262
Boiler Pressure (psi)130160200140140
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in)16" x 24"15" x 24"18" x 26"17" x 24"16" x 24"
Tractive Effort (lbs)10,90611,84519,09415,87311,793
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 3.35 4.39 4.19 2.68 2.59
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft)15310319275
Grate Area (sq ft)14.3015.5027.2014
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft)11919961841864
Superheating Surface (sq ft)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft)11919961841864
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume213.25202.90240.41154.70
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation1859248054401960
Same as above plus superheater percentage1859248054401960
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area19,89016,48038,40010,500
Power L14724508991443209
Power MT570.66431.51503.98463.91

Reference


If you have any railroad data such as diagram books, rail station plans or anything else that you would be willing to share, please contact us.