Kansas City, Nevada & Fort Smith / Kansas City, Nevada & Gulf / Kansas City, Pittsburgh & Gulf / Texarkana & Fort Smith 4-4-0 "American" Locomotives of the USA


Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 3 (Locobase 16074)

Data from KCS 12 - 1908 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. See also DeGolyer, Volume 17, p. 228 and Volume 18, p. 122. Works numbers were 12492 in February 1892 and 13044 in November.

Soon after the second of the two Eight-wheelers was delivered, the KCN&FtS. Essentially identical to the Texarkana & Ft Smith #5 shown in Locobase 6826, the pair would fall into the same class after the emergence of the Kansas City Southern.

The 130 was scrapped in October 1910, the 131 in April 1911.


Class 5 (Locobase 6826)

Data from KCS 12 - 1908 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection and DeGolyer, Volume 18, p. 173. Works number was 13399 in April 1893.

A modestly proportioned Eight-wheeler of typical profile of deep firebox, tapered boiler forward, straight stack, and oil-fired headlamp. The rear dome sat over the first driving axle and had a cylindrical cross-section with flat top. The smaller forward dome was thimble-shaped.

The 5 had a relatively short career with the T&FS, the Kansas City, Pittsburgh & Gulf beginning in 1897, and the Kansas City Southern in 1900. It waas scrapped in December 1910 in Pittsburgh, Kansas.


Class B-1 (Locobase 6829)

Data from KCS 12 - 1908 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. See also DeGolyer, Volume 20, pp. 32 (1-4) and 266 (101-106). Works numbers were 14443-14446 in September 1895, and 15257-15258 and 15259-15262 in March 1897.

The TF&S locomotive mentioned in Locobase 6826 was clearly the progenitor of this KCS class. The biggest single difference was a substantial boost in operating pressure, which may have been a railroad decision rather than a reflection of thicker boiler plate.

1-4 (the 1895 batch) are shown in Connelly's Baldwin listing as having 18" x 24" cylinders, but the KCS diagram credits all 10 locomotives with the 17"-diameter cylinders depicted in the specifications. Th data in the Locobase specs come from the Baldwin specifications for the first four on page 32; the KCS has slightly different heating surface areas.

Most were scrapped in 1911-1913. Beginning in 1910, 108 operated briefly for the Frost Johnson Lumber Company (on behalf of the Mansfield Railway & Transportation Co), but returned to the KCS in 1913.


Class B-2 (Locobase 6830)

Data from KCS 12 - 1908 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

An early Brooks product built along classic American lines. For the period in which it was built, 132 was one of the smallest Eight-wheelers.


Class B-3 (Locobase 6831)

Data from KCS 12 - 1908 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

Although considerably larger than most of the KC, P & G locomotives of the period, this class fell in the middle of American Eight-wheelers of the time. Its grate was quite small


Class B-4 (Locobase 6832)

Data from KCS 12 - 1908 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

Continuing a steady growth in Eight-wheeler size for the KCS, this quartet also featured driver diameters that allowed for reasonably fast running. But the grate area was still surprisingly small for the boiler and must have placed a relatively low limit on steam-raising.

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Class35B-1B-2B-3
Locobase ID16074 6826 6829 6830 6831
RailroadKansas City, Nevada & Fort Smith (KCS)Texarkana & Fort Smith (KCS)Kansas City, Pittsburgh & Gulf (KCS)Kansas City, Nevada & Gulf (KCS)Kansas City, Pittsburgh & Gulf (KCS)
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-4-04-4-04-4-04-4-04-4-0
Number in Class211014
Road Numbers3-4/111-112/130-13151-4, 101-110/132140-143
GaugeStdStdStdStdStd
Number Built211014
BuilderBurnham, Williams & CoBurnham, Williams & CoBurnham, Williams & CoBrooksSchenectady
Year18921893189518881894
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase 8.50' 8.50' 8.25'8' 8.83'
Engine Wheelbase22.29'22.25'22.33'22.66'23.87'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.38 0.38 0.37 0.35 0.37
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)45.69'44.96'44.62'45.37'46.71'
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)
Weight on Drivers50000 lbs50000 lbs56000 lbs52000 lbs67500 lbs
Engine Weight77000 lbs77000 lbs87000 lbs79000 lbs107000 lbs
Tender Light Weight56000 lbs56000 lbs75000 lbs60000 lbs70000 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight133000 lbs133000 lbs162000 lbs139000 lbs177000 lbs
Tender Water Capacity3500 gals3500 gals3500 gals3500 gals4000 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)7 tons7 tons7 tons7 tons7 tons
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)42 lb/yard42 lb/yard47 lb/yard43 lb/yard56 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter62"63"63"62"60"
Boiler Pressure140 psi140 psi175 psi140 psi160 psi
Cylinders (dia x stroke)17" x 24"17" x 24"17" x 24"17" x 24"18" x 24"
Tractive Effort13313 lbs13101 lbs16377 lbs13313 lbs17626 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 3.76 3.82 3.42 3.91 3.83
Heating Ability
Firebox Area107 sq. ft116 sq. ft119.17 sq. ft98 sq. ft144 sq. ft
Grate Area16.30 sq. ft16.30 sq. ft16.30 sq. ft15.80 sq. ft16.80 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface1175 sq. ft1184 sq. ft1187 sq. ft1085 sq. ft1709 sq. ft
Superheating Surface
Combined Heating Surface1175 sq. ft1184 sq. ft1187 sq. ft1085 sq. ft1709 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume186.36187.79188.26172.09241.77
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation22822282285322122688
Same as above plus superheater percentage22822282285322122688
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area1498016240208551372023040
Power L139244113519636145498
Power MT346.04362.70409.11306.44359.14

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassB-4
Locobase ID6832
RailroadKansas City, Pittsburgh & Gulf (KCS)
CountryUSA
Whyte4-4-0
Number in Class4
Road Numbers170-173
GaugeStd
Number Built4
BuilderManchester
Year1897
Valve GearStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase9'
Engine Wheelbase23.62'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.38
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)49.79'
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)
Weight on Drivers75000 lbs
Engine Weight113000 lbs
Tender Light Weight70000 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight183000 lbs
Tender Water Capacity4000 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)7 tons
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)63 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter69"
Boiler Pressure180 psi
Cylinders (dia x stroke)18" x 24"
Tractive Effort17242 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.35
Heating Ability
Firebox Area161 sq. ft
Grate Area18.90 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface1945 sq. ft
Superheating Surface
Combined Heating Surface1945 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume275.16
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation3402
Same as above plus superheater percentage3402
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area28980
Power L18053
Power MT473.43

Reference


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