See Locobase 12806 for a description of the Mississippi Central. This pair of Eight-wheelers had small grates for their size, but were serviceable enough to serve the MC until the early 1940s. 100 was scrapped in December 1942 and 102 followed in January 1943.
According to the Wilmington & Western, the 98 was one of five Americans to operate on the MC; 2 of the others (Baldwins) are shown in Locobase 12807. By this time, the major railroads had adopted larger locomotives for their main-line service, so most of the 4-4-0s still being purchased operated on local passenger or mixed-train service. Among these the 98 was a relatively big engine.
After providing passenger service for 35 years, the 98 was retired in 1944 and later sold to the Comite Southern Railroad, a 1,000-ft industrial spur in Tangipahoa, Louisiana. Paulsen Spence later famously assembled a collection of second-hand engines including the 98.
In 1960, Thomas Marshall bought the 98 to run on a retired branch line of the Baltimore & Ohio; he later donated the locomotive to the Wilmington & Western in 1977. The 98 has twice undergone major overhauls, the last in 1997-2004. The tourist line celebrated the engine's 100th birthday in 2009. As of 2011, according to the W & W, the 98 was "...the only standard-gauge 4-4-0 American in regular operation east of the Mississippi."
Wood-burner profiled many years after its service and more than 20 years after it had been scrapped. Sinclair speculated the locomotive was broken up in 1876 probably because of its crank axles. Among the construction details were of the "Sweet" truck, a closely spaced bogie made of boiler plate and suspended below the truck boxes. He quotes an engineer who ran one of the class about its virtues: "They were smart as a steel trap; were built upon honor, could run like lightning, pull a full train up a hill, and they rarely ever broke down on the road." And wrestle grizzly bears, too, most likely.
|Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media|
|Railroad||Mississippi Central||Mississippi Central||Michigan Central|
|Number in Class||2||1||1|
|Road Numbers||100, 102||98|
|Builder||Burnham, Williams & Co||Alco-Schenectady||Detroit Locomotive Works|
|Locomotive Length and Weight|
|Driver Wheelbase (ft)||14.25||8.50|
|Engine Wheelbase (ft)||24.25||23.83|
|Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase||0.59||0.36|
|Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft)||56.29|
|Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs)|
|Weight on Drivers (lbs)||70,000||91,000|
|Engine Weight (lbs)||113,000||135,000||62,630|
|Tender Loaded Weight (lbs)||100,000||117,000|
|Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs)||213,000||252,000|
|Tender Water Capacity (gals)||5000||5000||2200|
|Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons)||12||12||3.50|
|Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd)||58||76|
|Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort|
|Driver Diameter (in)||68||69||69|
|Boiler Pressure (psi)||200||180||130|
|High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in)||18" x 24"||19" x 26"||16" x 20"|
|Tractive Effort (lbs)||19,440||20,812||8199|
|Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort)||3.60||4.37|
|Firebox Area (sq ft)||152.70||162|
|Grate Area (sq ft)||18.60||30.20||13.10|
|Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft)||1778||1845|
|Superheating Surface (sq ft)|
|Combined Heating Surface (sq ft)||1778||1845|
|Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume||251.54||216.24|
|Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)|
|Robert LeMassena's Power Computation||3720||5436||1703|
|Same as above plus superheater percentage||3720||5436||1703|
|Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area||30,540||29,160|