Manistee & Grand Rapids 4-4-0 "American" Locomotives of the USA

Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class Louis Sands (Locobase 12898)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines, 1890, as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University Vol 16, p. 69. Works number was 11035 in July 1890.

The M & GR was one of 3 railroads that set out from Manistee, Michigan to logging regions at several points of the compass. This short line was organized in November 1889 and eventually extended 70 miles southeast from Manistee to Tustin. The 1 was named after one of the railroad's original stockholders.

At the beginning, the railroad apparently all the backers could have wanted. When surveyed in 1909, the road was reported to be lightly built, using 60 lb/yard (30 kg/metre) rail on "fair" ties. There was no separate passenger service by this time.

Four years later, the M&GR was sold to foreclosure to the Michigan East & West Railway. The line between Manistee to Tustin in 1916 following the clearing of the forests along its right of waty.

NB: Heating surface data is derived from comparison with the Kearney & Black Hills order of the same year, (Locobase 11697) which has identical firebox dimensions as well as identical tube counts, diameters, and length.

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassLouis Sands
Locobase ID12,898
RailroadManistee & Grand Rapids
Number in Class1
Road Numbers1
Number Built1
BuilderBurnham, Parry, Williams & Co
Valve GearStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft) 8.25
Engine Wheelbase (ft)22.17
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.37
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft)
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs)
Weight on Drivers (lbs)50,000
Engine Weight (lbs)80,000
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs)
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs)
Tender Water Capacity (gals)2800
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons)
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd)42
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in)62
Boiler Pressure (psi)130
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in)17" x 24"
Tractive Effort (lbs)12,362
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.04
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft)121
Grate Area (sq ft)16.30
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft)1181
Superheating Surface (sq ft)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft)1181
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume187.31
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation2119
Same as above plus superheater percentage2119
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area15,730
Power L13805
Power MT335.54

If you have any railroad data such as diagram books, rail station plans or anything else that you would be willing to share, please contact us.