Missouri Kansas & Eastern / Missouri Kansas & Texas / Missouri-Kansas-Texas / Wichita Falls Route 4-4-0 "American" Locomotives of the USA


Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 101 (Locobase 13325)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University Volume 34, p. 60. Works numbers were 35193-35195 in September 1910 and 36169 in February 1911

The Wichita Falls Route included the Wichita Falls & Southern Railway, the Wichita Falls & Northwestern, and the Altus, Wichita Falls & Hollis. The route was not a challenging one, which may explain why these mixed-traffic locomotives were so small. Ruling grade was only 3/4% and curves with gentle 3-degree radii. Rail weight was 60-65 lb/yard (30-32.5 kg/metre).

When the Missouri-Kansas-Texas bought this quartet in 1912 and 1914 (101), it renumbered this quartet 920 to 923. The 922 and 923 were lettered for the Altus, Wichita Falls & Hollis. The railroad was bought in 1923.


Class 195 (Locobase 11645)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines, 1888, as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University Volume 15, p. 215. Works numbers were 10630-10631, 10633-10636, 10640 in February 1890.

Soon after this class was delivered, all of the locomotives had their cylinders bored out by 1/2" and the driver diameter increased to 68".

As modified, five of the six 1890 engines joined four 1892 engines (Locobase 7713) in class E-3 and were renumbered 275-281.


Class 320 (Locobase 8460)

(Note: Official name for the Cotton Belt was St. Louis-Southwestern.)

Data from StL&SW 1 - 1932 Folio 725 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Information on #320's career from Joseph A Strapac, Cotton Belt Locomotives (Huntington, Calif: Shade Tree Books, 1977, reprinted in 1999 by Indiana University Press), p. 27.

This locomotive remained in service for more than 50 years. It was delivered as 191 to the Chicago & Alton in 1880 (Schenectady works number 1232 in March). Twenty years later, it was sold to the Missouri Midland in March 1900 as their #48. The MM was sold to the Katy in March 1901, but the 48 kept its number until 1912, when it was renumbered 320. In 1919, the Katy rebuilt the locomotive to the specifications shown above.

After a sale to locomotive brokers Hyman Michaels in 1924, the latter sold the 320 to the Deering & SouthWestern in that same year as #9. Taken over by the Cotton Belt in 1929, the 9 operated until the summer of 1933 when it was scrapped.


Class A (Locobase 7703)

Data from MKT 1904 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

Locobase knows only what the diagram tells him and it says that for the period, this was a small Eight-wheeler. Moreover, the Grant & McQueen engines of nearly a decade earlier (Locobase 7704) had the same general dimensions.


Class A (Locobase 7704)

Data from MKT 1904 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

Grant delivered most of the locomotives in 1871-1872; McQueen contributed one in 1876


Class A (Locobase 7705)

Data from MKT 1904 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection and DeGolyer, Vol 8, p. 45. Works numbers 4164-4165, 4167-4168 in September 1877 and 4176-4177 in October 1877.

Part of a series of MKT Eight-wheelers with the same power dimensions, this was too a relatively small engine. A couple of years later, Baldwin followed with slightly larger locomotives; see Locobase 7706.


Class B (Locobase 7706)

Data from MKT 1904 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection and DeGolyer, Vol 8, pp. 137. Works numbers were 4012, 4014 (October 1876), 4017, 4019 (November 1876), 4038-4039 (December 1876), 4154, 4157, 4169-4170 (September 1877).

Baldwin's earlier A3 (Locobase 7705) had power dimensions similar to most other Katy Eight-wheelers of the time. This class had slightly larger cylinders and saw increases in most key measurements. Danforth, Cooke added three in 1882.


Class B (Locobase 7707)

Data from MKT 1904 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

Rogers and Mason Locomotive Works produced this order in the early '70s. Mason delivered 6, Rogers 9. Otherwise quite typical of the time, this class had a small grate.


Class B (Locobase 14132)

Data from MKT 1904 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. See also General Description of Locomotives M.K.&T 1890 supplied by Allen Stanley in April 2012. Works numbers were 490-493 in April 1873, 495-501 in May.

Rogers and Mason Locomotive Works produced this order in the early '70s. Mason's 10 had larger grates and fireboxes than the Rogers engines shown in Locobase 7707.

The 52 was later operated by the Sherman, Shreveport & Southern, went back to the MKT, then to the Houston & Brazos Valley.

NB: Locobase estimates the evaporative and direct heating surface area by using the firebox dimensions presented in the MKT description book, calculating an estimated firebox area, and comparing it to the known dimensions of the Rogers-built Bs.


Class B1 (Locobase 7708)

Data from MKT 1904 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

In keeping with the rest of the MKT's Eight-wheelers, this design was small for its period.


Class B2 (Locobase 7709)

Data from MKT 1904 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

Although considerably bigger than other MKT Eight-wheelers still on the books in 1904, this class sat in the middle of the rankings for North American 4-4-0s of the period.


Class B4 (Locobase 7711)

Data from MKT 1904 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

This pair was built by the Katy at the same time as the B2s shown in Locobase 7709, but these had taller drivers and hence a longer wheelbase. The Katy produced the 115 in 1890 and the 114 in 1893.


Class C/E-3 (Locobase 7713)

Data from MKT 1904 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. See also DeGolyer, Volume 17, p. 265. Works numbers were 12669-12671 in May 1892 and 12863 and 12872 in August.

The MK&E succeeded the optimistically named Cleveland, Saint Louis & Kansas City, whose charter application was filed in March 1888. (The CSLt&KC was sold by its owner, the Southwestern Company, to the MK&E in March 1892.) The MK&E kept its name for less than two years before being taken into the Missouri Kansas Texas.

This class repeated the 1890 septet of Americans described in Locobase 11645, but increased cylinder by 1/2" (12.7 mm) for a wee bit more tractive effort.

Not long after these engines came on the railroad they and fiveof the 1890 group were given 69" drivers and grouped in class C2. (278 and 281 retained their 63" drivers a while longer while 284 apparently was completed with 63" drivers, but 18 1/2" cylinders).

The entire class went into the shops in 1924-1925 and emerged with superheated boilers; see Locobase 7732


Class C1 (Locobase 14133)

Data from MK&T 1903 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

The Katy brought out this


Class C3 (Locobase 7714)

Data from MKT 1904 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

The Parsons shop built this pair of Eight-wheelers in what seems to have been an effort to upgrade 4-4-0 power.


Class E3 (Locobase 7732)

Data from MKT 1904 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

These were rebuilds of 4-4-0s (probably the C2s shown in Locobase 7713) that the Katy had originally procured in the 1890s. One wonders how much of the original engine was left. The grate was smaller, the boiler revamped with superheater flues, piston valves replaced slide valves. On the other hand, the wheelbases remained the same and the boiler's overall dimensions were essentially unchanged.

Trundling along on light branch lines, some of these rebuilds lasted to the end of steam on the MKT.

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Class101195320AA
Locobase ID13325 11645 8460 7703 7704
RailroadWichita Falls Route (MKT)Missouri Kansas & Texas (MKT)Missouri-Kansas-Texas (MKT)Missouri-Kansas-Texas (MKT)Missouri-Kansas-Texas (MKT)
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-4-04-4-04-4-04-4-04-4-0
Number in Class471514
Road Numbers101-104/920-923195-201 / 275-281191 / 48 / 320 / 9119, 96-97, 14825-38
GaugeStdStdStdStdStd
Number Built47514
BuilderBaldwinBurnham, Parry, Williams & CoDSWDanforth, Cookeseveral
Year19101890191918801871
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase 9.08' 8.67' 8.67'8'8'
Engine Wheelbase23.08'23.71'22.67'22.50'21.73'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.39 0.37 0.38 0.36 0.37
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)45.17'44.75'44.56'
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)31400 lbs
Weight on Drivers67000 lbs63000 lbs62800 lbs46500 lbs45500 lbs
Engine Weight104000 lbs94000 lbs101800 lbs73500 lbs70000 lbs
Tender Light Weight80000 lbs66000 lbs88500 lbs71900 lbs67800 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight184000 lbs160000 lbs190300 lbs145400 lbs137800 lbs
Tender Water Capacity4000 gals3000 gals4500 gals3000 gals3000 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)8 tons7.5 tons7.5 tons
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)56 lb/yard53 lb/yard52 lb/yard39 lb/yard38 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter62"63"63"62"62"
Boiler Pressure165 psi150 psi150 psi140 psi140 psi
Cylinders (dia x stroke)17" x 26"18" x 24"17" x 24"16" x 24"16" x 24"
Tractive Effort16997 lbs15737 lbs14037 lbs11793 lbs11793 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 3.94 4.00 4.47 3.94 3.86
Heating Ability
Firebox Area138 sq. ft125.57 sq. ft127.50 sq. ft118 sq. ft120 sq. ft
Grate Area18 sq. ft17 sq. ft16.34 sq. ft14.18 sq. ft15.30 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface1465 sq. ft1575 sq. ft1331 sq. ft1040 sq. ft1054 sq. ft
Superheating Surface
Combined Heating Surface1465 sq. ft1575 sq. ft1331 sq. ft1040 sq. ft1054 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume214.48222.82211.10186.21188.72
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation29702550245119852142
Same as above plus superheater percentage29702550245119852142
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area2277018836191251652016800
Power L153794908491742224284
Power MT353.99343.50345.23400.34415.15

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassABBBB1
Locobase ID7705 7706 7707 14132 7708
RailroadMissouri-Kansas-Texas (MKT)Missouri-Kansas-Texas (MKT)Missouri-Kansas-Texas (MKT)Missouri-Kansas-Texas (MKT)Missouri-Kansas-Texas (MKT)
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-4-04-4-04-4-04-4-04-4-0
Number in Class61110106
Road Numbers83-8872-77, 79-8262-7152-61104,110,117,121,124,126
GaugeStdStdStdStdStd
Number Built61110106
BuilderBurnham, Parry, Williams & CoBurnham, Parry, Williams & CoRogersMasonDickson
Year18761876187318731886
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase8'8'8'8'8'
Engine Wheelbase22.54'22.46'21.83'21.83'22.17'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.35 0.36 0.37 0.37 0.36
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)44.75'45'44.33'44.33'43.71'
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)
Weight on Drivers46500 lbs50000 lbs44000 lbs44000 lbs47800 lbs
Engine Weight73500 lbs80500 lbs70500 lbs70500 lbs75800 lbs
Tender Light Weight69700 lbs67500 lbs69900 lbs69900 lbs64200 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight143200 lbs148000 lbs140400 lbs140400 lbs140000 lbs
Tender Water Capacity3000 gals3000 gals3000 gals3000 gals2720 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)7 tons7 tons7 tons7 tons7.5 tons
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)39 lb/yard42 lb/yard37 lb/yard37 lb/yard40 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter62"62"62"62"60"
Boiler Pressure140 psi140 psi140 psi140 psi145 psi
Cylinders (dia x stroke)16" x 24"17" x 24"17" x 24"17" x 24"17" x 24"
Tractive Effort11793 lbs13313 lbs13313 lbs13313 lbs14248 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 3.94 3.76 3.31 3.31 3.35
Heating Ability
Firebox Area121 sq. ft120 sq. ft120 sq. ft125 sq. ft120 sq. ft
Grate Area14.90 sq. ft15.10 sq. ft13.60 sq. ft16.50 sq. ft16.10 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface956 sq. ft1105 sq. ft1069 sq. ft987 sq. ft1040 sq. ft
Superheating Surface
Combined Heating Surface956 sq. ft1105 sq. ft1069 sq. ft987 sq. ft1040 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume171.17175.26169.55156.54164.95
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation20862114190423102335
Same as above plus superheater percentage20862114190423102335
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area1694016800168001750017400
Power L140433912382936993772
Power MT383.37344.98383.70370.68347.94

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassB2B4C/E-3C1C3
Locobase ID7709 7711 7713 14133 7714
RailroadMissouri-Kansas-Texas (MKT)Missouri-Kansas-Texas (MKT)Missouri Kansas & Eastern (MKT)Missouri-Kansas-Texas (MKT)Missouri-Kansas-Texas (MKT)
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-4-04-4-04-4-04-4-04-4-0
Number in Class521012
Road Numbers13,47,49,166,168114-115282-286/313-317112273-274
GaugeStdStdStdStdStd
Number Built52512
BuilderMKTMKTBurnham, Parry, Williams & CoMKTMKT
Year18901890189218931902
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase8' 8.50' 8.67' 8.50' 8.67'
Engine Wheelbase23'23.25'23.83'23.27'24.08'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.35 0.37 0.36 0.37 0.36
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)45.71'44.71'47.33'45.75'49.54'
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)
Weight on Drivers55000 lbs55500 lbs65000 lbs62700 lbs77000 lbs
Engine Weight88000 lbs88000 lbs102000 lbs98100 lbs122000 lbs
Tender Light Weight74000 lbs74000 lbs65000 lbs76100 lbs117200 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight162000 lbs162000 lbs167000 lbs174200 lbs239200 lbs
Tender Water Capacity3400 gals3400 gals3000 gals3400 gals5500 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)7 tons7 tons8 tons7 tons10 tons
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)46 lb/yard46 lb/yard54 lb/yard52 lb/yard64 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter63"68"69"69"69"
Boiler Pressure150 psi150 psi150 psi160 psi190 psi
Cylinders (dia x stroke)17" x 24"17" x 24"18.5" x 24"18" x 24"18.5" x 26"
Tractive Effort14037 lbs13005 lbs15178 lbs15327 lbs20828 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 3.92 4.27 4.28 4.09 3.70
Heating Ability
Firebox Area130 sq. ft140 sq. ft125 sq. ft140 sq. ft158 sq. ft
Grate Area17 sq. ft17 sq. ft17 sq. ft17 sq. ft27.50 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface1323 sq. ft1333 sq. ft1588 sq. ft1302 sq. ft1740 sq. ft
Superheating Surface
Combined Heating Surface1323 sq. ft1333 sq. ft1588 sq. ft1302 sq. ft1740 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume209.83211.42212.68184.20215.11
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation25502550255027205225
Same as above plus superheater percentage25502550255027205225
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area1950021000187502240030020
Power L149295482511352116834
Power MT395.15435.52346.84366.45391.33

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassE3
Locobase ID7732
RailroadMissouri-Kansas-Texas (MKT)
CountryUSA
Whyte4-4-0
Number in Class12
Road Numbers306-317
GaugeStd
Number Built
BuilderMKT
Year1923
Valve GearStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase 8.67'
Engine Wheelbase23.83'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.36
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)50.21'
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)
Weight on Drivers76400 lbs
Engine Weight123000 lbs
Tender Light Weight102800 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight225800 lbs
Tender Water Capacity5000 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)2226 gals
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)64 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter69"
Boiler Pressure180 psi
Cylinders (dia x stroke)18" x 24"
Tractive Effort17242 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.43
Heating Ability
Firebox Area132 sq. ft
Grate Area15.60 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface1213 sq. ft
Superheating Surface267 sq. ft
Combined Heating Surface1480 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume171.60
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation2808
Same as above plus superheater percentage3313
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area28037
Power L112522
Power MT722.68


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