Norfolk & Southern / Norfolk Southern 4-4-0 "American" Locomotives of the USA

Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 38 (Locobase 4945)

Data taken from and the Norfolk & Southern Steam Locomotive Diagrams book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

This is a slightly bigger design than the 1882 Rogers engine. In the diagram, the grate area is supposedly doubled to 36 sq ft. That seems unlikely, but there is no other information to go on. On the other hand, the diagram shows that the firebox is mounted above the driving axles and thus is wider.

Locobase can't match these to any entry on JF Webber's list of Dickson locomotives (conveyed to Locobase by Allen Stanley in March 2004).

Class B-5 (Locobase 11431)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University, Volume 30, p.211 and from "Locomotive Building," The Railroad Gazette, Vol XLI, No 5 (3 August 1906), p. 31. Works numbers were 30491, 30508, 30521-30522, 30532 in March 1907; 30570-30571 in April 1907.

This class served the N & S (later the NS) for 25-30 years each. Four were sold to N Block, a scrap dealer. 48 and 51 were scrapped in July 1932. 52 went 5 years later in December 1937.

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Locobase ID4945 11431
RailroadNorfolk Southern (NS)Norfolk & Southern (NS)
Number in Class27
Road Numbers38-3948-54 / 55-57, 51-54
Number Built27
BuilderDicksonBurnham, Williams & Co
Valve GearStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase 8.59' 9.08'
Engine Wheelbase22.92'24.29'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.37 0.37
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)46.50'
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)
Weight on Drivers68100 lbs72000 lbs
Engine Weight92400 lbs116000 lbs
Tender Light Weight80000 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight196000 lbs
Tender Water Capacity3800 gals4000 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)57 lb/yard60 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter68"66"
Boiler Pressure140 psi180 psi
Cylinders (dia x stroke)19" x 24"18" x 24"
Tractive Effort15162 lbs18026 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.49 3.99
Heating Ability
Firebox Area149.60 sq. ft
Grate Area36 sq. ft18.70 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface1234 sq. ft1686 sq. ft
Superheating Surface
Combined Heating Surface1234 sq. ft1686 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume156.68238.52
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation50403366
Same as above plus superheater percentage50403366
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area026928
Power L106818
Power MT0417.53


If you have any railroad data such as diagram books, rail station plans or anything else that you would be willing to share, please contact us.