New York, Ontario, & Western 4-4-0 "American" Locomotives of the USA

Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 1 (Locobase 8991)

Data from Charles McShane, One Thousand Pointers for Machinists & Engineers (By Charles McShane (Chicago: Griffin & Winters, 1897), pp 266, 268. See also "New York, Ontario and Western Passenger Locomotive," Locomotive Engineering, Vol 9, No 2 (February 1896), p. 156. Works numbers were 2325-2327

McShane explains that this locomotive was produced " order to demonstrate whether an engine of these dimensions and weight would give better results than a compound engine, also whether an engine of this weight in passenger service with cylinders 17x24" and a constant boiler pressure of 180 pounds would not be better than one with 18x24" cylinders, and lagging for steam on heavy grades. It was intended, also, to demonstrate whether such an engine could not be run at a much reduced cost of fuel."

As is often the case with writeups like this, McShane reported that the locomotive had proven to be peerless, being described as having met "... the highest expectations of its designer,Mr. George W. West, Supt. M. P. of the New York, Ontario & Western railway. It has shown a surprisingly good fuel record, as it is run opposite one of their best anthracite coal burners with 18x24" cylinders, and during a test of 14 days when every pound of coal used by both engines was weighed; this engine hauled the same train 2,020 miles at a cost of 3 3/4 cents per engine mile, while the other engine's fuel cost 6 1/4 cents per engine mile: this is considered as near perfect as an engine can be built for burning cheap fuel."

Noting that it is an eight-wheel camelback, McShane adds details: The boiler is supplied by two No. 8 Monitor injectors. The Smith triple expansion exhaust pipe is used, also the Leach track sanding apparatus, and Nathan triple slight feed lubricator."

NB: Tube length is an estimate based on the calculation of tube surface area by subtracting reported firebox heating surface from reported total evaporative heating surface.

Class A - 1899 (Locobase 3943)

Data from Railroad Gazette (20 April 1900). See William D. Edson's roster in Railroad History Bulletin 175 for builder's numbers. Works numbers were 2476, 2494).

RG .noted that the narrow firebox, used for bituminous coal, was something of a departure for the railroad, which typically burned anthracite. But as the engine was to be used on the Norwich-Middletown (New York) section, it would burn the more readily available bituminous coal. That there was a continuing need for this variation is confirmed by the acquisition of 3 more with a few more tubes in 1907-1908; see Locobase 11404.

Both of the 1899 engines were scrapped in December 1932.

Class A - 1907 (Locobase 11404)

Data from The Railway Age Vol XLIV, No 16 (18 October 1907), p. 557. See William D. Edson's roster in Railroad History Bulletin 175 for builder's numbers. Works numbers for this batch were 41333 in March 1907 and 44800-44801 in January 1908.

See Locobase 3943 for the first 2 locomotives in this small class, which were produced with narrow fireboxes because the Norwich-Middletown service on which they operated had better access to bituminous coal than the usual NYO&W's usual anthracite fuel. The later locomotives had a few more tubes, but were otherwise virtually identical. Note the unusually long stroke for a North American Eight-wheeler.

22-23 were scrapped in the same month -- December 1932. 24 was sold in July 1935 to the M & U as their #6..

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Class1A - 1899A - 1907
Locobase ID8991 3943 11404
RailroadNew York, Ontario, & WesternNew York, Ontario, & WesternNew York, Ontario, & Western
Number in Class353
Road Numbers1-320-2122-24
Number Built353
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase 8.50' 8.50' 8.50'
Engine Wheelbase23.08'23.17'23.17'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.37 0.37 0.37
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)27.17'00
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)
Weight on Drivers76000 lbs88000 lbs94000 lbs
Engine Weight110000 lbs133000 lbs140000 lbs
Tender Light Weight80000 lbs82000 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight190000 lbs215000 lbs
Tender Water Capacity3800 gals3800 gals5500 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)10 tons10 tons9 tons
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)63 lb/yard73 lb/yard78 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter68"68"68"
Boiler Pressure180 psi200 psi200 psi
Cylinders (dia x stroke)17" x 24"18" x 28"18" x 28"
Tractive Effort15606 lbs22680 lbs22680 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.87 3.88 4.14
Heating Ability
Firebox Area130 sq. ft167 sq. ft167 sq. ft
Grate Area63 sq. ft24.47 sq. ft23 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface1273 sq. ft1863 sq. ft1878 sq. ft
Superheating Surface
Combined Heating Surface1273 sq. ft1863 sq. ft1878 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume201.90225.91227.73
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation1134048944600
Same as above plus superheater percentage1134048944600
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area234003340033400
Power L1622274167457
Power MT360.98371.58349.78


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