Chicago & West Michigan / Detroit, Grand Rapids & Western / Detroit, Lansing & Northern / Flint & Pere Marquette / Pere Marquette / Saginaw, Tuscola & Huron 4-4-0 "American" Locomotives of the USA


Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class E1 (Locobase 9250)

Data from PM 3 1929 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Roster information developed by Art Million and Tom Dixon and presented on the Pere Marquette Historical Society website (http://www.pmhistsoc.org/stmrostr.shtml, accessed 1 March 2008).

Schenectady delivered a few of these Eight-wheelers to the D GR & W in the last few years of the 19th-Century. This pair rolled on 67" drivers; see Locobase 9251 for the 69" driver locomotive.

Begun in 1870 as the Ionia & Lansing Rail Road Company, this line was renamed Detroit, Lansing & Northern. By 1896, the railroad had reorganized as the D GR & W. Four years later it was joined the Flint & Pere Marquette and the Chicago & West Michigan to form the Pere Marquette.


Class E1 (Locobase 9251)

Data from PM 3 1929 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Roster information developed by Art Million and Tom Dixon and presented on the Pere Marquette Historical Society website (http://www.pmhistsoc.org/stmrostr.shtml, accessed 1 March 2008).

This was the higher-drivered variant of the Schenectady designs of which 2 were delivered with 67" drivers (Locobase 9250). For some reason, the wheelbase of this design was shorter by quite a bit.

The Chicago & West Michigan began as the Paw Paw in 1867 when it first joined Lawton, Mich to Paw Paw. Within a year, the Paw Paw had been united with 14 other roads as the C & WM and ran from Bay View to New Buffalo along the shore of Lake Michigan. In 1900, it was merged with the Flint & Pere Marquett and the Detroit, Grand Rapids & Western as the Pere Marquette.


Class E2 (Locobase 9252)

Data from PM 3 1929 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Works numbers were 4128-4129 in 1893.

The DL&N was reorganized as the Detroit, Grand Rapids & Western, which was combined with the Flint & Pere Marquette and the Chicago & West Michigan Railway to form the Pere Marquette in December 1899.


Class E3 (Locobase 9253)

Data from PM 3 1929 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Roster information developed by Art Million and Tom Dixon and presented on the Pere Marquette Historical Society website (http://www.pmhistsoc.org/stmrostr.shtml, accessed 1 March 2008).

This small Eight-wheeler was a locally manufactured pair (PM's works #112, 114) that were small and relatively low-powered. Perhaps they needed to restrict their efforts to lightly loaded axles. (Note: Million and Dixon show these engines as having been delivered by Manchester Locomotive Works to the Chicago & West Michigan.)


Class E3 (Locobase 9254)

Data from PM 3 1929 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Roster information developed by Art Million and Tom Dixon and presented on the Pere Marquette Historical Society website (http://www.pmhistsoc.org/stmrostr.shtml, accessed 1 March 2008).

Homebuilt by the railroad, these were light and slippery Eight-wheelers. Million and Dixon report that these locomotives were delivered to the D GR & W by Manchester.


Class E5 (Locobase 9255)

Data from PM 3 1929 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Roster information developed by Art Million and Tom Dixon and presented on the Pere Marquette Historical Society website (http://www.pmhistsoc.org/stmrostr.shtml, accessed 1 March 2008).

The S T & H ran from Saginaw northeasterly to Sebewaing, thence to Bay Port in Huron County and eastward to Bad Axe. It was absorbed by the Pere Marquette in February 1900. The engine shown here was of a piece with most other pre-PM Eight-wheelers, although this one was older, smaller, and run at a lower pressure.


Class E5 (Locobase 9256)

Data from PM 3 1929 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Roster information developed by Art Million and Tom Dixon and presented on the Pere Marquette Historical Society website (http://www.pmhistsoc.org/stmrostr.shtml, accessed 1 March 2008).

Locobase doesn't know how many engines Manchester originally delivered to the C & WM. By 1900, when the line was merged with others to make up the Pere Marquette, the PM took 5 into its variegated stud of Eight-wheelers.


Class E5 (Locobase 9257)

Data from PM 3 1929 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Roster information developed by Art Million and Tom Dixon and presented on the Pere Marquette Historical Society website (http://www.pmhistsoc.org/stmrostr.shtml, accessed 1 March 2008).

A year after the C & WM took delivery of the Manchester batch described in Locobase 9256, it received these more-freight-oriented Eight-wheelers from Rhode Island. The boiler was smaller while the grate stayed the same. Driver diameter shrank by 4".


Class E5 (Locobase 9258)

Data from PM 3 1929 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Roster information developed by Art Million and Tom Dixon and presented on the Pere Marquette Historical Society website (http://www.pmhistsoc.org/stmrostr.shtml, accessed 1 March 2008).

A year after the C & WM took delivery of the Manchester batch described in Locobase 9256, it received these more-freight-oriented Eight-wheelers from Rhode Island. The boiler was smaller while the grate stayed the same. Driver diameter shrank by 4".


Class E5 (Locobase 9259)

Data from PM 3 1929 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Roster information developed by Art Million and Tom Dixon and presented on the Pere Marquette Historical Society website (http://www.pmhistsoc.org/stmrostr.shtml, accessed 1 March 2008).

The F & PM was, as would seem likely, a predecessor to the Pere Marquette. At the time of the purchase of this locomotive, traffic demands could not have been very great as this was a small locomotive with the typical power dimensions of the time.


Class E5 (Locobase 9260)

Data from PM 3 1929 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Roster information developed by Art Million and Tom Dixon and presented on the Pere Marquette Historical Society website (http://www.pmhistsoc.org/stmrostr.shtml, accessed 1 March 2008).

Like many of the locomotives that rode the rails of the Pere Marquette's predecessor roads, this sextet differed from the others only in details. The boilers were about the same size as were the grates and the power dimensions varied even less. Very typical Eight-wheelers of the time.

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassE1E1E2E3E3
Locobase ID9250 9251 9252 9253 9254
RailroadDetroit, Grand Rapids & Western (PM)Chicago & West Michigan (PM)Detroit, Lansing & Northern (PM)Pere Marquette (PM)Detroit, Grand Rapids & Western (PM)
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-4-04-4-04-4-04-4-04-4-0
Number in Class21222
Road Numbers2-3438-39/5-627-2829-30
GaugeStdStdStdStdStd
Number Built21222
BuilderSchenectadySchenectadySchenectadyPMRRDGR&W
Year18971897189319001899
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase9' 8.58'9' 8.58' 8.58'
Engine Wheelbase24'21.08'24'23.08'23.17'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.38 0.41 0.38 0.37 0.37
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)44.92'43.83'44.92'44.58'44.75'
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)
Weight on Drivers68200 lbs68200 lbs60300 lbs59200 lbs59200 lbs
Engine Weight105500 lbs105200 lbs96000 lbs99200 lbs100000 lbs
Tender Light Weight79800 lbs79000 lbs73900 lbs77400 lbs81500 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight185300 lbs184200 lbs169900 lbs176600 lbs181500 lbs
Tender Water Capacity4000 gals4000 gals3300 gals3900 gals3900 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)10 tons10 tons9 tons10 tons10 tons
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)57 lb/yard57 lb/yard50 lb/yard49 lb/yard49 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter67"69"67"67"67"
Boiler Pressure180 psi180 psi160 psi180 psi180 psi
Cylinders (dia x stroke)18" x 24"18" x 24"18" x 24"17" x 24"17" x 24"
Tractive Effort17757 lbs17242 lbs15784 lbs15839 lbs15839 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 3.84 3.96 3.82 3.74 3.74
Heating Ability
Firebox Area158 sq. ft159 sq. ft144 sq. ft133 sq. ft145 sq. ft
Grate Area17.70 sq. ft17.70 sq. ft18.50 sq. ft17.50 sq. ft17.10 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface1689 sq. ft1690 sq. ft1551 sq. ft1473 sq. ft1485 sq. ft
Superheating Surface
Combined Heating Surface1689 sq. ft1690 sq. ft1551 sq. ft1473 sq. ft1485 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume238.94239.09219.42233.62235.53
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation31863186296031503078
Same as above plus superheater percentage31863186296031503078
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area2844028620230402394026100
Power L170497277574068167045
Power MT455.73470.47419.72507.66524.71

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassE5E5E5E5E5
Locobase ID9255 9256 9257 9258 9259
RailroadSaginaw, Tuscola & Huron (PM)Chicago & West Michigan (PM)Chicago & West Michigan (PM)Chicago & West Michigan (PM)Flint & Pere Marquette (PM)
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-4-04-4-04-4-04-4-04-4-0
Number in Class15531
Road Numbers3141-44, 4647-5152-5455
GaugeStdStdStdStdStd
Number Built15531
BuilderRhode IslandManchesterRhode IslandRhode IslandSchenectady
Year18851890189118911888
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase 8.58' 8.50' 8.58' 8.58' 8.25'
Engine Wheelbase23.42'23.08'22.92'22.58'22.58'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.38 0.37
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)44.67'45.75'44.67'44.58'44.17'
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)
Weight on Drivers60600 lbs58400 lbs58200 lbs57000 lbs51500 lbs
Engine Weight96200 lbs91900 lbs90900 lbs91000 lbs87300 lbs
Tender Light Weight68800 lbs74900 lbs73500 lbs73700 lbs70400 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight165000 lbs166800 lbs164400 lbs164700 lbs157700 lbs
Tender Water Capacity3000 gals3300 gals3500 gals3000 gals2900 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)7 tons9 tons9 tons7 tons6.5 tons
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)51 lb/yard49 lb/yard49 lb/yard48 lb/yard43 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter67"67"63"67"69"
Boiler Pressure150 psi150 psi150 psi140 psi150 psi
Cylinders (dia x stroke)17" x 24"17" x 24"17" x 24"17" x 24"17" x 24"
Tractive Effort13199 lbs13199 lbs14037 lbs12319 lbs12817 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.59 4.42 4.15 4.63 4.02
Heating Ability
Firebox Area114 sq. ft142 sq. ft126 sq. ft135 sq. ft117 sq. ft
Grate Area17 sq. ft17.50 sq. ft17.50 sq. ft17.20 sq. ft14.90 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface1255 sq. ft1351 sq. ft1288 sq. ft1315 sq. ft1255 sq. ft
Superheating Surface
Combined Heating Surface1255 sq. ft1351 sq. ft1288 sq. ft1315 sq. ft1255 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume199.05214.27204.28208.56199.05
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation25502625262524082235
Same as above plus superheater percentage25502625262524082235
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area1710021300189001890017550
Power L148485475479149345034
Power MT352.74413.37362.97381.67430.99

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassE5
Locobase ID9260
RailroadDetroit, Grand Rapids & Western (PM)
CountryUSA
Whyte4-4-0
Number in Class6
Road Numbers58-61, 67-68
GaugeStd
Number Built6
BuilderManchester
Year1883
Valve GearStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase 8.58'
Engine Wheelbase23.25'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.37
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)44.75'
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)
Weight on Drivers55900 lbs
Engine Weight89100 lbs
Tender Light Weight76800 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight165900 lbs
Tender Water Capacity3300 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)8 tons
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)47 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter67"
Boiler Pressure150 psi
Cylinders (dia x stroke)17" x 24"
Tractive Effort13199 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.24
Heating Ability
Firebox Area142 sq. ft
Grate Area17.40 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface1304 sq. ft
Superheating Surface
Combined Heating Surface1304 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume206.82
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation2610
Same as above plus superheater percentage2610
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area21300
Power L15350
Power MT421.99

Reference


If you have any railroad data such as diagram books, rail station plans or anything else that you would be willing to share, please contact us.