As Strapac notes, these Eight-wheelers fell on the small side of contemporary 4-4-0 designs. As traffic demands grew on the StL, A & T (as on all other railroads in the late 1890s), these little engines were outmatched by the trains now required. Retirements began at that time with a big reduction in 1911. By 1914, only 9 of both the A1 and B1 classes combined remained. Two went to Jonesboro, Lake City & Eastern.
Strapac explains that these locomotives were originally delivered to operate on the 6-foot gauge of the Erie system. Some were built by the New Jersey-based Atlantic & Great Western itself, others by Rogers. In 1879, the New York, Pennsylvania & Ohio reduced the gauge to standard and modified the locomotives accordingly. When the Saint Louis-Southwestern converted from 3' gauge to standard in 1886, the Erie made 25 of these locomotives available for a pittance.
As it turned out, the clapped-out Eries weren't worth much more than that and the StL-SW undertook a rebuild:"...the bell was jacked up and a new locomotive slid underneath; virtually nothing was left that could be called original. In fact, three were converted to cross-compounds."
The dozen locomotives rebuilt in 1894-1899 proved useful branchline engines for another 3 decades. Two were scrapped in 1909, while the rest left in the late 1920s. Five were scrapped in 1927, 1 in 1928, 1 in 1929, and the last in 1933.
Data from StL&SW 1 - 1932 Folio 725 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.
The first 7 of these Eight-wheelers came from Rogers' Paterson, NY works in 1900. Pittsburgh added 4 more in May 1901 (works #2253-2257), and Rogers, now formally part of the Alco combine, supplied the remainder in 1903. Most used Stephenson link motion for the slide valves, but at least 3 were retrofitted with Walschaert gear.
One of the class -- #40 -- later substituted one thermic syphon for the 15 sq ft of arch tubes in the original firebox. The subtraction and addition netted 18 sq ft in the firebox, but only 7 sq ft overall, so the tradeoff may have been seen as not worth the effort.
The class was retired over a long period, 17 years being required to withdraw all 18 engines.
Entering service three years after the Alco bunch (Locobase 8463), this set of Baldwins were larger and had longer boilers (although fewer tubes). They also were coal-fired and, according to Joe Strapac, cost $12,855 each.
They were all retired in 1933 (58-59, 61 in March, 62 in April, and 60 in May).
|Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media|
|Railroad||St Louis, Arkansas & Texas (StLSW)||Cotton Belt (StLSW)||Cotton Belt (StLSW)||Cotton Belt (StLSW)|
|Number in Class||15||12||18||5|
|Builder||Dickson||Pine Bluff||Alco||Burnham, Williams & Co|
|Locomotive Length and Weight|
|Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase||0.36||0.36||0.34||0.36|
|Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)||53.54'||52.73'||53.17'|
|Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)||46500 lbs||50500 lbs|
|Weight on Drivers||57400 lbs||69000 lbs||93000 lbs||101000 lbs|
|Engine Weight||91000 lbs||108000 lbs||138000 lbs||156000 lbs|
|Tender Light Weight||83700 lbs||94800 lbs||140000 lbs||142000 lbs|
|Total Engine and Tender Weight||174700 lbs||202800 lbs||278000 lbs||298000 lbs|
|Tender Water Capacity||3200 gals||4000 gals||6000 gals||6000 gals|
|Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)||10 tons||10 tons||2900 gals||14 tons|
|Minimum weight of rail (calculated)||48 lb/yard||58 lb/yard||78 lb/yard||84 lb/yard|
|Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort|
|Boiler Pressure||115 psi||160 psi||200 psi||200 psi|
|Cylinders (dia x stroke)||16" x 24"||17" x 24"||18" x 26"||19" x 26"|
|Tractive Effort||9533 lbs||14079 lbs||20755 lbs||23125 lbs|
|Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort)||6.02||4.90||4.48||4.37|
|Firebox Area||107.50 sq. ft||120 sq. ft||184 sq. ft||184 sq. ft|
|Grate Area||15.60 sq. ft||15.10 sq. ft||24.90 sq. ft||28.90 sq. ft|
|Evaporative Heating Surface||1050 sq. ft||1264 sq. ft||1778 sq. ft||1881 sq. ft|
|Combined Heating Surface||1050 sq. ft||1264 sq. ft||1778 sq. ft||1881 sq. ft|
|Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume||188.00||200.48||232.19||220.46|
|Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)|
|Robert LeMassena's Power Computation||1794||2416||4980||5780|
|Same as above plus superheater percentage||1794||2416||4980||5780|
|Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area||12363||19200||36800||36800|