Wheeling & Lake Erie 4-4-0 "American" Locomotives of the USA


Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class D-2 (Locobase 7881)

Data from W&LE 8 - 1923 & 10 1924 Locomotive Diagram books supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

These were the survivors of a larger class. This pair, which still ran on the railroad in 1924-1924 had builder's numbers 1895 (17, later 1252) and 2306.


Class D-2 - NYLW (Locobase 7877)

Data from W&LE 8 - 1923 & 10 1924 Locomotive Diagram books supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Rome works numbers 47 in September 1883, 48-49 in October 1883, 56 in November.

This quartet of Eight-wheelers came from a small New York builder and stood out from the other 4-4-0s because of their longer tubes and greater evaporative heating surface.

The 25 was off the W&LE by 1900, which is when the other three received new numbers 318-320.

319-320 were sold to J C Carland Company in December 1905 and December 1906. 56 remained with the W&LE much longer, earning a new number (1254) in 1920 and only being scrapped in April 1926.


Class D-3 - 324 (Locobase 7880)

Data from W&LE 8 - 1923 & 10 1924 Locomotive Diagram books supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

This Brooks engine sported a larger boiler than W&LE Americans had mounted up to this point.


Class D-3 - NYLW (Locobase 7878)

Data from W&LE 8 - 1923 & 10 1924 Locomotive Diagram books supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Works numbers were 67-68 in February 1884.

Rome supplied two new Eight-wheelers that had more cylinder volume, but a smaller boiler that reduced demand on the grate.

Renumbered several times, the two locomotives had different careers. 324 was scrapped in September 1911 while 323 was renumbered 1403 in 1919 and scrapped in October 1927.


Class D-4 (Locobase 7882)

Data from W&LE 8 - 1923 & 10 1924 Locomotive Diagram books supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

The firebox heating surface area included 3 arch tubes measuring 17.7 sq ft. This passenger engine design had a relatively short driving wheelbase and a relatively long front-truck wheelbase.

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassD-2D-2 - NYLWD-3 - 324D-3 - NYLWD-4
Locobase ID7881 7877 7880 7878 7882
RailroadWheeling & Lake ErieWheeling & Lake ErieWheeling & Lake ErieWheeling & Lake ErieWheeling & Lake Erie
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-4-04-4-04-4-04-4-04-4-0
Number in Class24126
Road Numbers315-316 / 1251-125223-26/54-56/318-320 /1254324 / 140467-68/33-34/60-61/323-324/140363-68 / 350-355/ 2101-2106
GaugeStdStdStdStdStd
Number Built24126
BuilderRomeBrooksRomeBurnham, Williams & Co
Year18911883188918841901
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase8'8' 8.50' 8.50' 7.50'
Engine Wheelbase22.25'22.79'23.33'23.25'22.92'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.36 0.35 0.36 0.37 0.33
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)44'45.33'45.58'48.54'52.21'
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)
Weight on Drivers52000 lbs56800 lbs61200 lbs57200 lbs94740 lbs
Engine Weight80000 lbs88100 lbs85700 lbs89200 lbs140240 lbs
Tender Light Weight72600 lbs69300 lbs80000 lbs91700 lbs129500 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight152600 lbs157400 lbs165700 lbs180900 lbs269740 lbs
Tender Water Capacity3133 gals3120 gals3670 gals3540 gals7000 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)9.5 tons7.5 tons10 tons10 tons10 tons
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)43 lb/yard47 lb/yard51 lb/yard48 lb/yard79 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter62"62"62"62"72"
Boiler Pressure150 psi130 psi145 psi130 psi190 psi
Cylinders (dia x stroke)16" x 24"16" x 24"17" x 24"17" x 24"19.5" x 26"
Tractive Effort12635 lbs10950 lbs13788 lbs12362 lbs22176 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.12 5.19 4.44 4.63 4.27
Heating Ability
Firebox Area102 sq. ft114 sq. ft127 sq. ft126 sq. ft195.70 sq. ft
Grate Area15.10 sq. ft14.60 sq. ft16.20 sq. ft17 sq. ft44.17 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface1048 sq. ft1384 sq. ft1387 sq. ft1231 sq. ft2248 sq. ft
Superheating Surface
Combined Heating Surface1048 sq. ft1384 sq. ft1387 sq. ft1231 sq. ft2248 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume187.64247.80219.98195.24250.14
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation22651898234922108392
Same as above plus superheater percentage22651898234922108392
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area1530014820184151638037183
Power L143244700480539658186
Power MT366.65364.85346.18305.64380.98

Reference


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