Newburgh, Dutchess & Connecticut 4-4-2 "Atlantic" Locomotives of the USA

Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 10 / P-2 (Locobase 10769)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works, Record of Recent Construction ((1903), No. 31, p. 11. Works number was 19461. See for a history of the N, D & C.

Originally opened in 1866 as the Dutchess & Columbia, which soon connected Fishkill with the Connecticut Western. A variety of relationships with other railroads didn't keep the D & C from entering bankruptcy in 1874 and the N, D & C emerged in 1877.

Given the relatively light rail on which it ran, this Atlantic design is appropriately sized. It was perhaps the lightest 4-4-2 to run on North American standard gauge and was a repeat of the 1899 New York, Philadelphia & Norfolk pair described in Locobase 12355. In many ways, it resembled a long-wheelbase Eight-wheeler.

The New Haven acquired the N, D & C in 1904 and merged it with the Central New England Railway in 1907. The CNE designated this little Atlantic P-2 and numbered it 228. In 1913, it renumbered it 40. After a 25-year operating life, the 40 was withdrawn in July 1927 and scrapped.

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Class10 / P-2
Locobase ID10769
RailroadNewburgh, Dutchess & Connecticut (CNE)
Number in Class1
Road Numbers10
Number Built1
BuilderBurnham, Williams & Co
Valve GearStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase6'
Engine Wheelbase23'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.26
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)50.25'
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)
Weight on Drivers61185 lbs
Engine Weight120305 lbs
Tender Light Weight71995 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight192300 lbs
Tender Water Capacity3600 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)51 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter69"
Boiler Pressure180 psi
Cylinders (dia x stroke)18" x 24"
Tractive Effort17242 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 3.55
Heating Ability
Firebox Area134 sq. ft
Grate Area24.80 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface1982 sq. ft
Superheating Surface
Combined Heating Surface1982 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume280.40
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation4464
Same as above plus superheater percentage4464
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area24120
Power L17766
Power MT559.65

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