Chicago & Eastern Illinois / Chicago & Indiana Coal / Evansville & Terre Haute 2-8-0 "Consolidation" Locomotives of the USA


Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 101/801 (Locobase 7129)

Data from the C&EI 6 - 1904 Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Works numbers for the 1891 batch 3473-3478 in May 1891 and 3489-3492 in July.

Two batches of Consolidations supplied in two different years to two different railroads. 111-116 were delivered in 1889 to the Duluth and Iron Range and bought by the C & EI in 1897. 101-110 came directly to the C & EI in 1891.

By 1904, seven had their cylinders bushed to 19" diameter (22,093 lb tractive effort); these were 102, 105, 109, 111-113, and 116.

By 1911, the entire class's boilers were being replaced by new vessels of the extended wagon top, radial stay type that held 176 tubes, 22 fewer than the original design.


Class 21 (Locobase 11841)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University Vol 13, p.2. Works numbers were 7814, 7819 in February 1886.


Class 221 rebuilt/E-46 (Locobase 7141)

Data from the C&EI 6 - 1904 Locomotive Diagram book and C&EI 10 - 1912 Locomotive Data book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

A note in the Chicago & Eastern Illinois's 1912 Data book says that these Consolidations were bought from the C&IC and that they had Wooten (sic) fireboxes.

Baldwin supplied them in two batches of two in 1886 (Locobase 11841) and 1887 (Locobase 11667) at the same time they were delivering very similar locomotives in the Ten-wheeler (4-6-0) wheel arrangement (Locobase 7140).

The C&IC was merged with the Chicago & Eastern Illinois by 1894. Some time later, all four locomotives were rebuilt with new boilers and fireboxes.

The locomotives met different fates. 816 was scrapped by the C&EI in 1924. 817-819 were sold in 1922 to the Chicago, Indianapolis, & Western as 503-504; the latter had already been converted to an 0-8-0 switcher. 504 was scrapped by the CI&W in 1924.

Upon the absorption of the latter by the B & O, 503 was grouped in the E-46 class designation with road number 441, but never actually served in the big railroad before being scrapped in July 1927.


Class 23 (Locobase 11667)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University, Vol 14, p.102. Works numbers were 8975-8976 in December 1887.

Just before the Reading camelbacks in the Baldwin order book (Locobase 11662) were this twosome built to identical specs for this Midwest coal road Within a couple of years, the C & IC would be taken over by the Chicago & Eastern Illinois, where they were renumbered.

After another renumbering in 1911, the pair served the C & EI for another decade. Then they passed to the Chicago & Illinois Western, a switching railroad in the Chicago area.


Class H-2 (Locobase 7163)

Data from the C&EI 11 - 1911 Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Works numbers were 30513-30518 in February 1904 and 38086-38955 in August 1905..

These Consolidations were delivered with 12" piston valves.


Class H-2 (Locobase 15912)

Data from the C&EI 11 - 1911 Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Works numbers were 38086-38955 in August 1905..

These Consolidations were delivered with 12" piston valves and were duplicates of the Chicago & Eastern Illinois locomotives shown in Locobase 7163.

After the C&EI took control of the class in 1911, the octet was combined with the other 20 x 24" engines, but numbered in a different series. In December 1928, the Kansas & Sidell bought the 827 as their 200 and added ex-830 in April 1930 as 201. The other six were scrapped in April 1930.


Class H-3 (Locobase 7164)

Data from the C&EI 11 - 1911 Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. See also DeGolyer, Volume 26, p. 49. Works numbers 23159, 23185, 23261 in November 1903.

As part of the dowry conveyed by the E&TH when it came under the Chicago & Eastern Illinois' control, these Consolidations brought some effective freight power. A picture of the design -- available in Evansville, Indiana's Willard Library photoRaildata collection -- http://www.willard.lib.in.us/photos/card628.html (accessed 25 Nov 2005) -- shows slide valves, inside Stephenson link motion, and high-pitched boiler.


Class H-3 (Locobase 7165)

Data from the C&EI 11 - 1911 Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Works numbers were 29345-29346 in October 1903.

These two Consolidations joined a trio of Baldwins built to the same specifications for the E&TH (see Locobase 7164). They were renumbered 838-839 in 1911 when the railroad merged with the Chicago & Eastern Illinois.


Class H-4 (Locobase 7135)

Data from the C&EI 6 - 1904 Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Works numbers were 5870-5880 in July 1901.

Using the same firebox and cylinder layout as the Rhode Island Ten-wheelers, these compound Consolidations had much larger boilers stuffed with more tubes of a smaller diameter. Indeed, the boiler attained such girth that the profile now looked bloated. Also, the firebox was quite wide, measuring 75 3/8", and rode well above the rear two axles.

The cross-compound cylinders used 14" diameter (356 mm) piston valves while the LP cylinders were supplied through Allen American slide valves.

Half of the class--177-179, 182, 184--retained their cross-compound setups until four were scrapped in 1934 and one (178) in August 1938.


Class H-4 (Locobase 7136)

Data from the C&EI 6 - 1904 Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Works numbers were 25696-25700 in October 1902.

Although follow-ons to the H-4s Consolidations 175s supplied a year earlier (Locobase 7135), this later batch had fewer, larger-diameter tubes. The HP cylinder used a 14" diameter (356 mm) piston valve; the LP cylinder was supplied through an Allen American slide valve.

Ten more from Rhode Island went to the Evansville & Terre Haute; see Locobase 15911.


Class H-4 (Locobase 15911)

Data from the C&EI 6 - 1904 Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Works numbers were 25696-25700 in November 1902.

Alco's Schenectady Works delivered five H-4 cross-compounds in the previous month; see Locobase 7136. Like the Schenectadies, these Ocean Staters had HP cylinders that used a 14" diameter (356 mm) piston valve; the LP cylinder was supplied through an Allen American slide valve.


Class H-4 - superheated (Locobase 7171)

Data from the C&EI 5 - 1949 Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

As noted in Locobase 7170, remaking a saturated-steam locomotive into a superheated one might be taken to one of several levels. The C & EI did more than the minimum, but apparently kept an eye on cost and didn't change components that would work well enough.

For example, many makeovers swapped out the Stephenson link motion for one of the outside radial gears. In this case, freight service didn't make the kinds of demands that might have required that, so the link motion stayed. Slide valves were replaced by 12" piston valves, however, and the driver diameter grew by an inch. The boiler was tight, so installing 26 flues meant removing dozens of small tubes for a net loss of evaporative heating surface. Locobase suspects that the increase in firebox heating surface represents the installation of 28 sq ft (2.6 sq m) of arch tubes.


Class H-5 (Locobase 7142)

Data from the C&EI 6 - 1904 Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Works numbers were 29060-29069 in October 1904.

These Consolidations were relatively large for their time, but the C&IC railway settled on a somewhat smaller design from Baldwin and built the latter in large numbers. One significant difference between the two was the 869's small and quite shallow firebox that contributed little to overall heating surface.

Taken into the Chicago & Eastern Illinois in 1911, the class took new numbers and a new ID and operated for another 23 years before being scrapped in Danville in July 1934.


Class H-6 (Locobase 7166)

Data from the C&EI 11 - 1911 Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Works numbers were 29426, 29451-29452, 29537-29538, 29567 in November 1906.

These were delivered to the E&TH at the same time Baldwin was supplying identical engines to the Chicago & Eastern Illinois. Although similar in power to the H-3s that Baldwin delivered in 1903 (Locobase 7164), these engines had fewer boiler tubes of a greater diameter and a significantly larger grate. None of this class was ever superheated.


Class H-6 (Locobase 7167)

Data from the C&EI 11 - 1911 Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. See also DeGolyer, Volume 27, p. 175, Volume 28, p. 89. (Thanks to Chris Hohl for his 7 April 2015 email commenting on the valve gear ID.) Works numbers were

1904

December 24877, 24893-24895, 24902-24903, 24917-24918

1905

September 26467-26468, 26480, 26489, 26503-26504, 26514-26515; October 26520, 26545-26547, 26560, 26563, 26596, 26628, 26655, 26662

1906

April 27961-27962, 28003-28007, 28022, 28031; May 28058-28061, 28074-28075, 28093-28094, 28102-28103, 28132, 28155, 28183-28184, 28216-28217; June 28290-28292; September 29034-29035, 29060-29061, 29112, 29134, 2914; October 29177-29179, 29191, 29320; November 29381-29382, 29388, 29414-29415, 29428, 29524, 29536, 29554-29555, 29568-29570, 29592-29593, 29600, 29602; December 29638

A large class of Consolidations delivered by Baldwin over three years. Beginning with the second year's batch -- 887-904 -- the class had larger tenders that weighed 52,300 lb empty, 142,800 lb loaded and carried 7,500 US gallons of water and 14 short tons of coal.

The 1904-1905 engines were delivered with Stephenson (also entered as "Stevenson") gear actuating slide valves. Hohl's observation that engines in the class later used Walschaert gear is explained by noting that beginning with road number 341 in 1906, the class was delivered with Walschaert gear. Even on these engines, the valves themselves remained Richardson balanced slide valves.

None of this class was ever superheated.

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Class101/80121221 rebuilt/E-4623H-2
Locobase ID7129 11841 7141 11667 7163
RailroadChicago & Eastern Illinois (C&EI)Chicago & Indiana Coal (C&EI)Chicago & Eastern Illinois (C&EI)Chicago & Indiana Coal (C&EI)Chicago & Eastern Illinois (C&EI)
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte2-8-02-8-02-8-02-8-02-8-0
Number in Class102426
Road Numbers100-110/800-81021-22/221-222/816-817221-224/816-81923-24/223-224/818-819164-169/820-825
GaugeStdStdStdStdStd
Number Built10226
BuilderSchenectadyBurnham, Parry, Williams & CoC&EIBurnham, Parry, Williams & CoAlco-Schenectady
Year18911886189218871904
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase14'13.67'13.67'13.67'15.50'
Engine Wheelbase21.67'21.75'21.75'21.75'23.50'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.65 0.63 0.63 0.63 0.66
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)57.17'50.21'46.42'50.42'
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)
Weight on Drivers108000 lbs95000 lbs109700 lbs102000 lbs124550 lbs
Engine Weight120400 lbs110000 lbs122500 lbs114000 lbs141600 lbs
Tender Light Weight82000 lbs141600 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight202400 lbs283200 lbs
Tender Water Capacity3840 gals3000 gals3790 gals3000 gals5000 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)60 tons tons tons tons10 tons
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)45 lb/yard40 lb/yard46 lb/yard43 lb/yard52 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter50"50"50"50"54"
Boiler Pressure150 psi130 psi150 psi130 psi180 psi
Cylinders (dia x stroke)20" x 24"20" x 24"20" x 24"20" x 24"20" x 24"
Tractive Effort24480 lbs21216 lbs24480 lbs21216 lbs27200 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.41 4.48 4.48 4.81 4.58
Heating Ability
Firebox Area139 sq. ft138 sq. ft134.60 sq. ft145.50 sq. ft140.30 sq. ft
Grate Area29.60 sq. ft76 sq. ft29.80 sq. ft63.30 sq. ft30.80 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface1642 sq. ft1280 sq. ft1938 sq. ft1839 sq. ft1729 sq. ft
Superheating Surface
Combined Heating Surface1642 sq. ft1280 sq. ft1938 sq. ft1839 sq. ft1729 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume188.16146.68222.08210.73198.13
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation44409880447082295544
Same as above plus superheater percentage44409880447082295544
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area2085017940201901891525254
Power L133482446374031864512
Power MT273.37227.05300.65275.45319.46

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassH-2H-3H-3H-4H-4
Locobase ID15912 7164 7165 7135 7136
RailroadChicago & Indiana Coal (C&EI)Evansville & Terre Haute (C&EI)Evansville & Terre Haute (C&EI)Chicago & Eastern Illinois (C&EI)Chicago & Eastern Illinois (C&EI)
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte2-8-02-8-02-8-02-8-02-8-0
Number in Class932115
Road Numbers261-269/826-834141-143/25-27/425-427/ 835-837144-145/28-29/428-429/838-839175-185/840-848186-190/849-853
GaugeStdStdStdStdStd
Number Built932115
BuilderAlco-SchenectadyBurnham, Williams & CoAlco-PittsburghSchenectadyAlco-Schenectady
Year19051903190319011902
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase15.50'15.42'15.42'17'17'
Engine Wheelbase23.50'23.50'23.50'25.75'25.75'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.66 0.66 0.66 0.66 0.66
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)50.42'54.08'54.08'53.96'53.96'
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)
Weight on Drivers124550 lbs146300 lbs146300 lbs162000 lbs162000 lbs
Engine Weight141600 lbs160300 lbs160300 lbs187000 lbs187000 lbs
Tender Light Weight141600 lbs100000 lbs100000 lbs100000 lbs100000 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight283200 lbs260300 lbs260300 lbs287000 lbs287000 lbs
Tender Water Capacity5000 gals5000 gals5000 gals4500 gals4500 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)10 tons10 tons10 tons12 tons12 tons
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)52 lb/yard61 lb/yard61 lb/yard68 lb/yard68 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter54"57"57"54"54"
Boiler Pressure180 psi180 psi180 psi200 psi200 psi
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke)20" x 24"21" x 28"21" x 28"22.5" x 30"22.5" x 30"
Low Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke)35" x 30" (1)35" x 30" (1)
Tractive Effort27200 lbs33145 lbs33145 lbs33831 lbs33831 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.58 4.41 4.41 4.79 4.79
Heating Ability
Firebox Area140.30 sq. ft172.40 sq. ft173 sq. ft148 sq. ft148 sq. ft
Grate Area30.80 sq. ft32.74 sq. ft32.75 sq. ft50.26 sq. ft50.26 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface1729 sq. ft2548 sq. ft2504 sq. ft3222 sq. ft2992 sq. ft
Superheating Surface
Combined Heating Surface1729 sq. ft2548 sq. ft2504 sq. ft3222 sq. ft2992 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume198.13227.00223.08466.76433.44
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation5544589358951005210052
Same as above plus superheater percentage5544589358951005210052
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area2525431032311402960029600
Power L145125195513242704022
Power MT319.46313.14309.34232.44218.94

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassH-4H-4 - superheatedH-5H-6H-6
Locobase ID15911 7171 7142 7166 7167
RailroadEvansville & Terre Haute (C&EI)Chicago & Eastern Illinois (C&EI)Chicago & Indiana Coal (C&EI)Evansville & Terre Haute (C&EI)Chicago & Eastern Illinois (C&EI)
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte2-8-02-8-02-8-02-8-02-8-0
Number in Class9110684
Road Numbers191-199/854-862840-848/175-185225-234/869-878561-566/435-440 /863-868235-260, 341-350, 379-398/879-962
GaugeStdStdStdStdStd
Number Built910684
BuilderAlco-Rhode IslandshopsAlco-SchenectadyBurnham, Williams & CoBurnham, Williams & Co
Year19021930190419061904
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonWalschaertStephenson or Walsch
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase17'17'17'15.33'15.33'
Engine Wheelbase25.75'25.75'25.75'23.67'23.67'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.66 0.66 0.66 0.65 0.65
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)53.96'53.96'56'54.46'52.33'
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)
Weight on Drivers162000 lbs160650 lbs160000 lbs157000 lbs155050 lbs
Engine Weight187000 lbs187600 lbs182000 lbs175000 lbs174500 lbs
Tender Light Weight100000 lbs115300 lbs120000 lbs150000 lbs120000 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight287000 lbs302900 lbs302000 lbs325000 lbs294500 lbs
Tender Water Capacity4500 gals6000 gals6000 gals7500 gals6000 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)12 tons14 tons12 tons12 tons12 tons
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)68 lb/yard67 lb/yard67 lb/yard65 lb/yard65 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter54"55"58"55"55"
Boiler Pressure200 psi185 psi200 psi200 psi200 psi
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke)22.5" x 30"21" x 30"21" x 30"21" x 28"21" x 28"
Low Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke)35" x 30" (1)
Tractive Effort33831 lbs37826 lbs38778 lbs38167 lbs38167 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.79 4.25 4.13 4.11 4.06
Heating Ability
Firebox Area148 sq. ft174 sq. ft148 sq. ft173 sq. ft186.70 sq. ft
Grate Area50.26 sq. ft50.16 sq. ft50.16 sq. ft46.60 sq. ft46.60 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface2992 sq. ft2404 sq. ft2992 sq. ft2449 sq. ft2475 sq. ft
Superheating Surface552 sq. ft
Combined Heating Surface2992 sq. ft2956 sq. ft2992 sq. ft2449 sq. ft2475 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume433.44199.89248.79218.18220.50
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation1005292801003293209320
Same as above plus superheater percentage10052110431003293209320
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area2960038306296003460037340
Power L1402211622599954135567
Power MT218.94637.96330.64304.04316.62

Reference


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