Serving steel mills in the Birmingham, Ala area, this road was chartered in 1878 . Tennessee Coal & Iron was organized in 1886 to operate the line and did so until the Southern and Louisville & Nashville bought the line in 1899. TCI & R, the TCI's successor, bought the road from the Southern and L & N in 1906 and US Steel acquired the TCI&R in 1907. by 1916, the railroad owned 40.7 miles of main line, 78.8 miles of yard tracks and sidings.
The BS operated independently as a terminal and switching road through all these corporate changes. The locomotives were lettered for the Birmingham Southern and included this robust Consolidation. It's a bit surprising that a 1906 standard-gauge 2-8-0 would use a firebox that was only 42" wide.
This was a loner from Pittsburgh (works #55687) that was quite similar to the Brooks engines delivered to the TCI & RR's Birmingham Southern in 1910 & 1912 (Locobase 9195), but with superheat built in.
The first three of this class came to the TCI&RR from Brooks in 1910 (works #46953 and 1912 (53278-53279) as saturated-steam engines. They were joined nine years later by a Richmond quintet, which were superheated from the start. The latter were delivered in pairs and a single (works #62606-62607 in 1920, 63354-63355 in 1922, and 64379 in 1923).
The Brooks engines were soon superheated and the class was treated essentially as one from that point on except for a three-ton disparity in weights.
One of the Brooks engines -- 53278 -- later operated as the only 2-8-0 on the Western Railway of Alabama; see Locobase 7312.
One-of-a-kind Consolidation from Baldwin with low drivers that was delivered to the road when it still operated on the five-foot gauge. Its specification called for 180 tubes in front of a relatively wide and shallow firebox. Later in its career, the railroad probably replaced the boiler with a slightly larger one hold 196 tubes that yielded 1,501 sq ft (139.45 sq m) of tube heating surface area and 1,644 sq ft (152.75 sq m). Weight increased considerably to 106,600 lb (48,353 kg) on the drivers, which the factor of adhesion to 4.35, and 120,200 lb (54,522 kg) for the engine.
In 1887, the TCI & R was absorbed by the Nashville, Chattanooga & St. Louis and #9 was renumbered 92.
Now on the standard gauge, the #92 continued in service, being renumbered #305 in 1915.
After more than 40 years in service, the locomotive was scrapped in September 1928.
|Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media|
|Railroad||Birmingham Southern (TCI&R)||Birmingham Southern (TCI&R)||Birmingham Southern (TCI&R)||Birmingham Southern (TCI&R)|
|Number in Class||1||1||7||1|
|Road Numbers||29||389||386-388, 390-394||9/305|
|Builder||Burnham, Williams & Co||Alco-Pittsburgh||TCI&RR||Burnham, Parry, Williams & Co|
|Locomotive Length and Weight|
|Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase||0.64||0.63||0.63||0.65|
|Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)||55.06'||53.08'||48.17'|
|Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)||47000 lbs||49600 lbs|
|Weight on Drivers||145000 lbs||183500 lbs||186500 lbs||88000 lbs|
|Engine Weight||162000 lbs||205000 lbs||208500 lbs||102000 lbs|
|Tender Light Weight||110000 lbs||119900 lbs||117400 lbs||73000 lbs|
|Total Engine and Tender Weight||272000 lbs||324900 lbs||325900 lbs||175000 lbs|
|Tender Water Capacity||5500 gals||5000 gals||6000 gals||3200 gals|
|Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)||6 tons||6 tons||7.5 tons|
|Minimum weight of rail (calculated)||60 lb/yard||76 lb/yard||78 lb/yard||37 lb/yard|
|Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort|
|Boiler Pressure||200 psi||185 psi||185 psi||150 psi|
|Cylinders (dia x stroke)||21" x 26"||23" x 28"||23" x 28"||20" x 24"|
|Tractive Effort||38984 lbs||43947 lbs||43947 lbs||24480 lbs|
|Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort)||3.72||4.18||4.24||3.59|
|Firebox Area||195 sq. ft||165 sq. ft||155 sq. ft||143.12 sq. ft|
|Grate Area||32.60 sq. ft||51 sq. ft||51 sq. ft||30.04 sq. ft|
|Evaporative Heating Surface||2719 sq. ft||2409 sq. ft||2372 sq. ft||1530 sq. ft|
|Superheating Surface||530 sq. ft||566 sq. ft|
|Combined Heating Surface||2719 sq. ft||2939 sq. ft||2938 sq. ft||1530 sq. ft|
|Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume||260.87||178.92||176.17||175.33|
|Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)|
|Robert LeMassena's Power Computation||6520||9435||9435||4506|
|Same as above plus superheater percentage||6520||11133||11228||4506|
|Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area||39000||36020||34123||21468|