4-2-0 "Jervis" Locomotives in the USA
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The first 4-2-0 was built for the Mohawk and Hudson Railroad in 1832. It was
and then later renamed Brother Jonathan
The design was based on one by John B. Jervis. The 4-2-0 became popular
in the USA as a replacement for the early 0-4-0s. The 4-2-0 design proved
to be more stable than the 0-4-0.
John B. Jervis was the designer for both the Delaware & Hudson and the Saratoga
& Schenectady railroads. These two railroads were connected via America's
very first junction which was in Schenectady.
More details can be found here.
Railroads that used 4-2-0 "Jervis" locomotives in the USA (data provided by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media)
Surviving Examples of 4-2-0 "Jervis" Locomotives in the USA
|No.||Class||F.M. Whyte||Gauge||Railroad Line||Location||Status||Builder Info||Notes|
|7||4-2-0||4'-8½"||C&NW (U&S)||Chicago History Museum, Chicago, IL||display||Baldwin #37, 1837||Named Pioneer, oldest surviving C&NW steam locomotive |
|13||4-2-0||4'-8½"||B&O|| B&O Railroad Museum, Baltimore, MD||operational||B&O (Mt. Clare), 1927||Named Lafayette, replica |
|4-2-0||5'||Raleigh & Gaston|| Tornado Locomotive Building, Hamlet, NC||display|| non-functional replica named Tornado |
If you have any railroad data such as diagram books, rail station plans or
anything else that you would be willing to share, please contact us.