4-2-0 "Jervis" Type Locomotives

The first 4-2-0 was built for the Mohawk and Hudson Railroad in 1832. It was named Experiment and then later renamed Brother Jonathan. The design was based on one by John B. Jervis. The 4-2-0 became popular in the USA as a replacement for the early 0-4-0s. The 4-2-0 design proved to be more stable than the 0-4-0.

John B. Jervis was the designer for both the Delaware & Hudson and the Saratoga & Schenectady railroads. These two railroads were connected via America's very first junction which was in Schenectady.

More details can be found here.


USA and Canadian Railroads that used 4-2-0 "Jervis" Type Locomotives

Surviving Examples of 4-2-0 "Jervis" Type Locomotives

No.ClassF.M. WhyteGaugeRailroad LineLocationStatusBuilder InformationNotes
74-2-04'-8½"C&NW (U&S)Chicago History Museum, Chicago, ILdisplayBaldwin #37, 1837Named Pioneer
134-2-04'-8½"B&O B&O Railroad Museum, Baltimore, MDoperationalB&O (Mt. Clare), 1927Named Lafayette, replica
4-2-05'Raleigh & Gaston Tornado Locomotive Building, Hamlet, NCdisplay non-functional replica named Tornado