4-2-0 "Jervis" Locomotives in the USA

The first 4-2-0 was built for the Mohawk and Hudson Railroad in 1832. It was named Experiment and then later renamed Brother Jonathan. The design was based on one by John B. Jervis. The 4-2-0 became popular in the USA as a replacement for the early 0-4-0s. The 4-2-0 design proved to be more stable than the 0-4-0.

John B. Jervis was the designer for both the Delaware & Hudson and the Saratoga & Schenectady railroads. These two railroads were connected via America's very first junction which was in Schenectady.

More details can be found here.

Railroads that used 4-2-0 "Jervis" locomotives in the USA (data provided by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media)

Surviving Examples of 4-2-0 "Jervis" Locomotives in the USA

No.ClassF.M. WhyteGaugeRailroad LineLocationStatusBuilder InfoNotes
74-2-04'-8½"C&NW (U&S)Chicago History Museum, Chicago, ILdisplayBaldwin #37, 1837Named Pioneer
134-2-04'-8½"B&O B&O Railroad Museum, Baltimore, MDoperationalB&O (Mt. Clare), 1927Named Lafayette, replica
4-2-05'Raleigh & Gaston Tornado Locomotive Building, Hamlet, NCdisplay non-functional replica named Tornado

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