4-6-0 "Ten-wheeler" Locomotives in Canada

The 4-6-0 wheel arrangement was a natural progression from the 4-4-0 (American type) when railroads desired a locomotive with more power. The first example was built in 1847 by the Norris Brothers for the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad. The early 4-6-0s were quite similar to the 4-4-0s of the time except they were a bit larger. The 4-6-0 became the best general service locomotive of its time. Around 16,000 were built. They were used on both fast freight and passenger trains.

The ten-wheeler was doomed when Atlantic (4-4-2) types got the nod for further mainline passenger power and when Consolidations (2-8-0) began head-ending tonnage trains. The 4-6-0 became practically a dead item for more than a generation.


Railroads that used 4-6-0 "Ten-wheeler" locomotives in Canada (data provided by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media)

Surviving Examples of 4-6-0 "Ten-wheeler" Locomotives in Canada

No.ClassF.M. WhyteGaugeRailroad LineLocationStatusBuilder InfoNotes
1392H-6-g4-6-04'-8½"CNR (CNoR) Alberta Railway Museum, Edmonton, ABoperationalMontreal Locomotive Works #52649, 1913
1520H-4-a4-6-04'-8½"CNR Prince George Railway and Forestry Museum, Prince George, BCdisplayCLC #738, 1906
1009F-1-b4-6-04'-8½"CNRSalem & Hillsborough Railroad, Hillsborough, NBdisplayMontreal Locomotive Works #51132, 1912Last operated in 1998
1521H-6-b4-6-04'-8½"CNRUpper Clements Theme Park, Clementsport, NSdisplayMontreal Locomotive Works, 1905
219 (119)4-6-04'-8½"Temiskaming and Northern Ontario Northern Ontario Railroad Museum, Capreol, ONdisplayMontreal Locomotive Works #44169, 1907 from Cochrane
1095D10h4-6-04'-8½"CPR Confederation Park, Kingston, ONdisplayCLC #1131, 1913
894D10g4-6-04'-8½"CPR Waterloo Region Museum - Doon Heritage Village, Kitchener, ONdisplayCPR (Angus) #1699, 1911
1531 (1322)H-6-c4-6-04'-8½"CNR Simcoe County Museum, Midhurst, ONdisplayMontreal Locomotive Works #48318, 1910 From Barrie, ON
926D10g4-6-04'-8½"CPR Canada Science and Technology Museum, Ottawa, ONdisplayCPR (Angus) #1757, 1911
1112G-16-a4-6-04'-8½"CNR Smiths Falls Railway Museum, Smiths Falls, ONrestorationMontreal Locomotive Works #50810, 1912
1057D10h4-6-04'-8½"South Simcoe (CPR) South Simcoe Railway, Tottenham, ONrestorationMontreal Locomotive Works #52074, 1912
999D10h4-6-04'-8½"CPR (DAR) Canadian Railway Museum, Delson, QCdisplayMontreal Locomotive Works #50973, 1912
492D4g4-6-04'-8½"CPR Canadian Railway Museum, Delson, QCdisplay
5 (9153)F-1014-6-04'-8½"MARTIM (P&LE) Canadian Railway Museum, Delson, QCdisplayPittsburgh Locomotive Works, 1896
1158G-16-a4-6-04'-8½"CNR Western Development Museum, North Battleford, SKdisplayMontreal Locomotive Works #52587, 1913

Web Pages


If you have any railroad data such as diagram books, rail station plans or anything else that you would be willing to share, please contact us.