The First Hudson, New York Central No. 5200
On January 1, 1926, when Paul Kiefer took over as Chief Mechanical Engineer
of Motive Power and Rolling Stock of the New York Central System, the NYC was
the nations largest railroad. At that time, its passenger business had grown
to a point that many of its main line trains had to be operated in sections
because the Class K-5 Pacifics assigned to passenger service could only haul
a maximum of 12 cars. It was apparent that a new passenger locomotive was
needed, yet no decision had been reached to solve the passenger power
Kiefer quickly made a decision to proceed with an experimental 4-6-4
locomotive and selected the American Locomotive Company to build it. He
followed the example of Lima's William E. Woodard and designed a locomotive
with a large grate area and a four wheel trailing truck to support it.
Kiefer's design looked much like a Class K-5, Pacific. It was only 5 inches
longer and had the same cylinders (25 X 28) and drivers (79") as the 4-6-2's,
but the boiler pressure was increased to 225 psi. The new 4-6-4 locomotive
had a slightly larger boiler evaporative heating surface, 24 sq. ft. more of
firebox and 14 sq. ft. more of grate area. This new design could produce
much more steam per square foot of heating surface and needed a much larger
superheater to maintain the same steam temperature as the K-5's. The total
weight was about 41,000 lbs more, and with no increase of weight over the
drivers. An increase of 3820 lbs in Tractive Effort was obtained with the
increase in boiler pressure.
The American Locomotive Company delivered the first Class J-1a (road number
5200) on February 14, 1927 and it was thoroughly tested on the main line
between Albany, NY and Syracuse, NY.
After the testing, Paul Kiefer went to see Pat Crowley who was the president
of the entire NYC system. He asked Crowley what name the new locomotive
should have, Crowley thought for a few minutes and then said "let's call her
the Hudson, after the Hudson River" and the name stuck.
Information for this introduction to Hudsons
provided by Richard Duley.
|No.||Class||F.M. Whyte||Gauge||Railroad Line||Location||Status||Builder Info||Notes|
|2816||H1b||4-6-4||4'-8½"||CPR|| Ogden Shops, Calgary, AB||stored operational||Montreal Locomotive Works #68535, 1930|| Featured in 'Rocky Mountain Express', recently restored at Province of BC, N. Vancouver, BC |
|2860||H1e||4-6-4||4'-8½"||CPR|| West Coast Railway Heritage Park, Squamish, BC||displayed operational||Montreal Locomotive Works, 1940|| from Province of BC, N. Vancouver |
|2858||H1d||4-6-4||4'-8½"||CPR|| Canada Science and Technology Museum, Ottawa, ON||display||Montreal Locomotive Works #69108, 1938|| |
|5700 (5703)||K-5-a||4-6-4||4'-8½"||CNR|| Elgin Co. RY Museum, St. Thomas, ON||display||Montreal Locomotive Works #68540, 1930|| |
|5702||K-5-a||4-6-4||4'-8½"||CNR|| Canadian Railway Museum, Delson, QC||display||Montreal Locomotive Works #68396, 1930|| |
|2850||H1d||4-6-4||4'-8½"||CPR|| Canadian Railway Museum, Delson, QC||display||Montreal Locomotive Works #69100, 08/1938|| |
|49||X-10-a||4-6-4T||4'-8½"||CNR|| Canadian Railway Museum, Delson, QC||display||Montreal Locomotive Works, 1914|
|46||X-10a||4-6-4T||4'-8½"||CNR|| Centre d'Interpretation Ferroviaire, Vallee-Jonction, QC||restoration||Montreal Locomotive Works, 1914||from Longueil |