Long Island 0-4-0 "Switcher" Locomotives in the USA

Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class Brooklyn (Locobase 16255)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University Volume 8, p. 118. See also "Long Island Rail Road - Atlantic Avenue Rapid Transit", last accessed 26 January 2017 at [] . Baldwin works numbers were 4116-4117, 4119 in July 1877.

The arrts archive offers two quite sharp photographs of these little "motors" (as the Baldwin specification described them). Stubby things with broad, flat-topped tanks named Brooklyn, Flatbush, and Bedford. The cylinders were widely set well away from the sides of the smokebox. The "man-sized" cab seems simply enormous.

But the photos confuse the issue as well. The Baldwin spec says directly that these boiler had no domes, yet the front view of the Bedford shows a cylindrical vessel standing vertically ahead of the saddle tank in a horizontal cylinder that looks like a conventional boiler. In the specs, the firebox appears as a squat cylinder measuring 25 1/2" (648 mm) high and 34 7/8" (886 mm) in diameter. The photo and the specs don't really contradict each other, but it's difficult to tell just how the boiler and firebox were positioned on the frame.

According to Al Weber's career record cards for these locomotives, the 101-102 were sold in 1879 to the Marine Railway and renamed Manhattan and Oriental. The Long Island rebuilt the Bedford with taller drivers. In 1898, it was renamed "Pop" and numbered 300.

Principal Dimensions by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Locobase ID16,255
RailroadLong Island
Number in Class3
Road Numbers101-103/1-3
Number Built3
BuilderBurnham, Parry, Williams & Co
Valve GearStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft / m) 5.50 / 1.68
Engine Wheelbase (ft / m) 5.50 / 1.68
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase1
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft / m) 5.50 / 1.68
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs / kg)
Weight on Drivers (lbs / kg)
Engine Weight (lbs / kg)
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs / kg)
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs / kg)
Tender Water Capacity (gals / ML)794 / 3.01
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons / ML/MT)
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd / kg/m)
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in / mm)33 / 838
Boiler Pressure (psi / kPa)130 / 9
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)10" x 12" / 254x305
Tractive Effort (lbs / kg)4018 / 1822.54
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort)
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft / m2)
Grate Area (sq ft / m2) 6.60 / 0.61
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)
Superheating Surface (sq ft / m2)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation858
Same as above plus superheater percentage858
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area
Power L1
Power MT

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