New York & Manhattan Beach 0-4-0 "Switcher" Locomotives in the USA


Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class Sea Breeze (Locobase 16253)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University Volume 8, p. 150. See also Robert Kopolovicz, "Manhattan Beach Railway", last accessed 26 January 2017 at http://www.robertkopolovicz.com/manhattanbeach.html . Works number was 4105 in June 1877.

Cancellation of the original order from the North Pacific Coast narrow-gauge railway led to the delivery of this little tank instead to the NY&MB excursion railroad. The narrow-gauge NY&MB ran from the ferry that joined Manhattan Island and Brooklyn, New York at 34th Street and Bay Ridge. Heading first southeast, then south, then west, and finally due south again, the railway ended on the eastern end of Coney Island in the Atlantic Ocean. Operating only in the summer and powered primarily by Mason Bogie engines, the NY&MB converted to standard gauge and lost its independence.

Its time on that line was short because of the line's conversion to standard gauge. So it was sold in 1880 to the South Florida Railroad as their #3 named "Kissimmee". Records conflict on its fate with Al Weber's detailed locomotive-by-locomotive account showing it off the SFRR's roster in 1888.

NB: The direct heating surface was calculated by assuming a cubic firebox and adding up the calculated square areas of the front tubesheet, the two sides, and the crown sheet. It is an estimate, but one that gains credibility with several other Baldwin designs with exactly the same firebox (e.g. Locobase 12024) for which the area is known.

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassSea Breeze
Locobase ID16,253
RailroadNew York & Manhattan Beach
CountryUSA
Whyte0-4-0T
Number in Class1
Road Numbers3
Gauge3'
Number Built1
BuilderBurnham, Parry, Williams & Co
Year1877
Valve GearStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft / m)5 / 1.37
Engine Wheelbase (ft / m)5 / 3.28
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase1
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft / m)5 / 3.28
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs / kg)
Weight on Drivers (lbs / kg) / 10,433
Engine Weight (lbs / kg) / 13,154
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs / kg)
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs / kg)
Tender Water Capacity (gals / ML)350 / 1.14
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons / ML/MT)
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd / kg/m)
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in / mm)36 / 914
Boiler Pressure (psi / kPa)130 / 9
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)9" x 16" / 229x406
Tractive Effort (lbs / kg)3978 / 1804.39
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort)
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft / m2)22.80 / 2.12
Grate Area (sq ft / m2) 5.80 / 0.54
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)291 / 27.03
Superheating Surface (sq ft / m2)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)291 / 27.03
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume247.01
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation754
Same as above plus superheater percentage754
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area2964
Power L12681
Power MT