Long Island 0-4-4 "Forney" Locomotives in the USA


Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 105 (Locobase 11753)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University Vol 9, p. 103. See also http://arrts-arrchives.com/RAPIDTRANSIT.html, last accessed 7 November 2010 and F J Camulla, "The New York Elevated Railroads," Industries and Iron, Volume 1 (24 December 1886), p. 662-663. Baldwin works numbers were 4649, 4652-4653, 4655-4657 in May 1879.

These Forneys had worked the elevated section of the LIRR from Brooklyn's Flatbush terminal and eventually served the line as far out as Rockaway.

(Chapter 19 of James Blaine Walker's Fifty Years of Rapid Transit (New York: Press of The Law Printing Company, 1918) -- http://www.nycsubway.org/articles/fifty_years_19.html, last accessed 7 November 2010 -- has the juicy details of political maneuverings in 1879-1884 that included the jailing of all of the Brooklyn aldermen after they defied a mayoral veto of their award of the contract to the Kings County Elevated Railroad Company.)

After 25 years of service, the lines were electrified and the Forneys were sold in 1903-1904 to locomotive rebuilder/reseller Birmingham Rail & Locomotive. BR&L found new homes for the entire class in lumbering, a kind of railroading that suited the low axle loadings and starting-traction power of the 0-4-4T arrangement.

105 Loxley Lumber Company (Appilachicola, Fla)

106 W D Reeves Lumber Company (Helena, Ark)

107 Sheffield Coal & Iron (Sheffield, Ala)

108, 109 W C Wood Lumber Company (Collins, Miss)

110 Lyndon Lumber Company (Wingate, Miss)

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Class105
Locobase ID11,753
RailroadLong Island
CountryUSA
Whyte0-4-4T
Number in Class6
Road Numbers105-110
GaugeStd
Number Built6
BuilderBurnham, Parry, Williams & Co
Year1879
Valve GearStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft / m)5 / 1.52
Engine Wheelbase (ft / m)16.08 / 4.90
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.31
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft / m)16.08 / 4.90
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs / kg)
Weight on Drivers (lbs / kg)21,000
Engine Weight (lbs / kg)31,500
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs / kg)
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs / kg)31,500
Tender Water Capacity (gals / ML)450 / 1.70
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons / ML/MT)
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd / kg/m)18 / 9
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in / mm)42 / 1067
Boiler Pressure (psi / kPa)130 / 9
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)10" x 16" / 254x406
Tractive Effort (lbs / kg)4210 / 1909.63
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.99
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft / m2)47.50 / 4.41
Grate Area (sq ft / m2)10.30 / 0.96
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)387 / 35.97
Superheating Surface (sq ft / m2)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)387 / 35.97
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume266.08
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation1339
Same as above plus superheater percentage1339
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area6175
Power L13907
Power MT820.33