Wichita Falls, Ranger & Fort Worth 2-10-0 "Decapod" Locomotives in the USA


Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class Ea/103/401/2554 (Locobase 16332)

Data from the quite detailed overview published by designer Alphonse I Lipetz, "Russian 'Decapod' Locomotives", The Railway Engineer, Volume 43, No 2 (February 1922), pp. 51-54; April 1922, pp. 136-137; July 1922, pp. 249-251; and November 1922, pp. 415-417. See also Handbook of Texas Online, H. Allen Anderson, "Wichita Falls, Ranger and Fort Worth Railroad," accessed January 08, 2018, [] . Works number was 48139 in March 1918

As noted in several other Locobase entries, 857 2-10-0s were built by Baldwin and Alco (Richmond and Schenectady Works) for the Russian Government (see Locobase 381 for a full description). When that empire was overthrown, some 200 more of the Russian order was diverted to railroads in the US by the USRA.

Possibly the newest of all the recipients was the WFR&FW, which was chartered on 26 September 1919. Motivation for building the 67-mile (108 km) line from Dublin, Texas to Breckenridge was the Ranger oil field. The backers, two of whom appear in the line's nicknames-- Jake Hamon Railroad, or Hamon- Kell Railroad, seem to have been firm in their confidence. They added 9 miles (14.5 km) from Breckenridge to Jimkurn in 1921 and operated the Eastland, Wichita Falls & Gulf Railroad for nine months ending in March 1922.

The first of the two 2-10-0s to run on the road had been operated for the US Government by the Central of New Jersey, which retained the USG road number 1180. The second bore the number 1184, but apparently was not used until it too went to the WFR&FW.

In December 1921, however, the WFR&FW went into receivership, but continued to operate, ultimately being leased to the Wichita Falls & Southern in 1926. But the two Decapods were cut loose and sold to the Kansas City, Mexico & Orient in 1921 as the last two of their three ex-Romanovs and numbered 402-403. (The first had been sold by the US Government directly to the KCM&O.) It was

When the KCM&O was bought by the Santa Fe, the three engines formed the 2554 class. By then, the class had been converted to oil-firing. The 2555 (ex-402) never entered service and headed to the scrapyard where it was broken up in May 1930. The Santa Fe sent the 2554 to the ferro-knacker in August 1934 and the 2556 followed in October.

Principal Dimensions by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassEa/103/401/2554
Locobase ID16,332
RailroadWichita Falls, Ranger & Fort Worth
CountryUSA
Whyte2-10-0
Number in Class2
Road Numbers1184/103-104/402-403/2555-2556
GaugeStd
Number Built2
BuilderBaldwin
Year1918
Valve GearWalschaert
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft / m)18.33 / 5.59
Engine Wheelbase (ft / m)27.83 / 8.48
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.66
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft / m)60.29 / 18.38
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs / kg)35,260 / 15,994
Weight on Drivers (lbs / kg)176,000 / 79,832
Engine Weight (lbs / kg)202,000 / 91,626
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs / kg)142,800 / 64,773
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs / kg)344,800 / 156,399
Tender Water Capacity (gals / ML)8000 / 30.30
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons / ML/MT)3657 / 13.90
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd / kg/m)59 / 29.50
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in / mm)52 / 1321
Boiler Pressure (psi / kPa)180 / 12.40
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)25" x 28" / 635x711
Tractive Effort (lbs / kg)51,490 / 23355.50
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 3.42
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft / m2)227 / 21.09
Grate Area (sq ft / m2)64.60 / 6
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)2600 / 241.55
Superheating Surface (sq ft / m2)563 / 52.30
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)3163 / 293.85
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume163.44
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation11,628
Same as above plus superheater percentage13,721
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area48,215
Power L18632
Power MT540.63

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