Manhattan Railway Company 2-4-2 "Columbian" Locomotives in the USA


Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class L1/Suburban (Locobase 8783)

Data from digitized version of Charles Bryant Fairchild, Street Railways: Their Construction, Operation and Maintenance, (New York: Street Railway Publishing Company, World Building, 1892), pp. 209-210. See also DeGolyer, Volume 15, p. 20. Baldwin supplied three (works numbers 9813-9814, 9827) in February 1889. Boiler pressure is an estimate.

Fairchild noted that the elevated locomotives were less likely to derail if their leading truck were deleted, but the Suburban line used the "double-ender" shown here. "These have a pony truck at each end fitted with swinging bolster and radial bar so that they curve easily, and do not cut the driver flange." He adds: "The saddle tank, however, obstructs the view of the engineer somewhat, and makes the machine top heavy. This can be obviated by placing the tank and fuel box over one of the trucks [although the Suburban's tank sat squarely over the drivers.]"

The Baldwin specs stated that the firebox was to be "easily removed".

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassL1/Suburban
Locobase ID8783
RailroadManhattan Railway Company
CountryUSA
Whyte2-4-2T
Number in Class3
Road Numbers11-13
GaugeStd
Number Built3
BuilderBurnham, Williams & Co
Year1889
Valve GearStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft / m) 5.50 / 1.68
Engine Wheelbase (ft / m)17.58 / 5.36
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.31
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft / m)17.58 / 5.36
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs / kg)
Weight on Drivers (lbs / kg)40,000 / 18,144
Engine Weight (lbs / kg)60,000 / 27,216
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs / kg)
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs / kg)60,000
Tender Water Capacity (gals / ML)600 / 2.27
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons / ML/MT)
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd / kg/m)33 / 16.50
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in / mm)48 / 1219
Boiler Pressure (psi / kPa)130 / 10.30
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)14" x 18" / 356x457
Tractive Effort (lbs / kg)8122 / 3684.08
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.92
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft / m2)52.40 / 4.87
Grate Area (sq ft / m2)15.90 / 1.48
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)476 / 44.24
Superheating Surface (sq ft / m2)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)476 / 44.24
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume148.42
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation2067
Same as above plus superheater percentage2067
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area6812
Power L12393
Power MT263.78