Boyne City & South Eastern / Boyne City, Gaylord & Alpena 2-6-0 "Mogul" Locomotives in the USA


Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 10 (Locobase 12984)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University Volume 35, p. 323 and Vol 41, p. 194. Works numbers were 33529 in July 1909 and 34941 in July 1910.

Finding the 1906-1907 Mogul pair supplied by Baldwin to be too heavy (Locobase 12983), the BCG & A ordered smaller engines that apparently were more in tune with requirements.

There seems to have been a bit of a kerfuffle, however, over the thickness of the tubes to be supplied. The specification shows #12 WG iron tubes for the boiler, but a later note (11 August 1910) stated: "Railway company complains that #12 WG tubes were furnished instead of No. 11 WG."

What isn't clear is whether the mistake was the railway's in specifying thicker tubes than was wanted or in the railway's in failing to note that #12s were listed in the order dated 7 May 1909 and in the one dated 22 February 1910. Locobase cannot directly determine if the thinner tubes were retrofitted into either engine. He notes that the 15 July 1912 order for the smaller engine #12 clearly specified #11 WG tubes.

Regardless of the outcome of the tube tangle, the pair served the railroad into the 1950s.


Class 11 (Locobase 12983)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University Volume 29, p. 117. Works number was 28764 in August 1906 and 30005 in January 1907.

Demand along the upper knuckles of Michigan's mitten led the Boyne City & South Eastern to extend its line east from Boyne Falls to Gaylord, thence to Atlanta, and finally to Alpena, 92 miles away. As such, it was assessed by the Michigan Railroad Commission in 1909 as being "...in first class condition and show[ing] every indication of safe operation." Although mildly critical of the lack of tools in the cars and the lack of grade-crossing warning signs, the Commission particularly rapped the station at Boyne City, which had "...two small waiting rooms, which it would seem are hardly sufficient for the traveling public."

The newer Moguls supplied by Baldwin in 1906-1907 were considerably larger. In fact, both were too heavy for the 60-70 lb/yard line and were sold to the Midland Valley of the Muskogee Road system in Kansas-Oklahoma, which renumbered them 60-61.


Class 12 (Locobase 12985)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University Volume 41, p. 192. Works number was 38407 in September 1912.

Even smaller than the 1909 Moguls (Locobase 12984) was this 1912 Baldwin product, which served this independent short line (which got considerably shorter in 1935) well inton the 1950s.


Class 6 (Locobase 12653)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University Volume 25, p. 208. See also Rail Georgia's history and maps of the Shearwood Railway at http://railga.com/shearw.html, last accessed 28 January 2017 and "Josh", "J.C. Penney Had a Farm", Florida Memory blog entry for 2 February 2015, last accessed 28 January 2017 and Phillip Alton Werndli, JC Penney and the Development of Penney Farms, Florida (1924-1934), Master's Thesis, University of Florida, 1974, archived at http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00098465/00001/9x . Works number was 21607 in February 1903.

This was a small Mogul for the standard gauge, but was in fact relatively large on the BC&SE. It served the Boyne City and its successor Boyne City, Gaylord & Alpena until the mid-1920s.

The 6 was sold to locomotive rebuilder/reseller Birmingham Rail & Locomotive in 1923, who found a buyer in Shearwood Railway of Egypt, Ga, which gave it road number 51. The Shearwood, which opened in 1912, ran southwest from Egypt to Hagan in Bulloch county, 38 miles (61 km) distant. Its purpose was to link the Central of Georgia at Egypt to the Seaboard Air Line at Hagan.

The Shearwood sold the 51 to Southern Iron & Equipment in 1926, who sold it to J C Penney's location in Penney Farms, Fla as their "Gwinn" (road 101). Penney Farms was a planned agricultural community located northeast of Gainesville and south of Jacksonville that opened in 1924..


Class 7 (Locobase 11483)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines, 1903, as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University Vol 26, p. 206. Works number was 23191 in November 1903.

Having already purchased one Mogul from Baldwin earlier in the year, the BC&SE feel comfortable adding a second. This was a small engine that had a light axle loading that patrolled the 7.2 miles of line between Boyne City on Lake Michigan and Boyne Falls, where it met the Grand Rapids & Indiana.

Retaining its number when the BC&SE was enlarged into the Boyne City, Gaylord & Alpena, the 7 was sold in 1920 to the F C Fuller Company of Grand Rapids, Mich. Four years later, F C Fuller sold the engine to the Flanagan & Newkirk Lumber Company (Newkirk, Mich) in July 1924.


Class 8 (Locobase 11484)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines, 1903, as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University Vol 26, p. 208. Works number was 24850 in December 1904.

As the BC & SE lumber line expanded, it decided its two Moguls (see Locobase 11483 for #7) were both too small and not quite numerous enough to handed the expanded line that now stretched from Boyne City (Michigan) up through Gaylord and approaching Alpena. So it bought this considerably larger 2-6-0, which still ranked as one of the smallest standard-gauge 2-6-0s to be delivered during that period.

This engine stayed on the line through the BCG & A's heyday and its 1935 shrinkage back to its original 7.2 miles of track between Boyne City and Boyne Falls.

Principal Dimensions by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Class10111267
Locobase ID12,984 12,983 12,985 12,653 11,483
RailroadBoyne City, Gaylord & Alpena (BCG&A)Boyne City, Gaylord & Alpena (BCG&A)Boyne City, Gaylord & Alpena (BCG&A)Boyne City & South Eastern (BCG&A)Boyne City & South Eastern (BCG&A)
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte2-6-02-6-02-6-02-6-02-6-0
Number in Class21111
Road Numbers10-1111, 101267
GaugeStdStdStdStdStd
Number Built21111
BuilderBurnham, Williams & CoBurnham, Williams & CoBaldwinBurnham, Williams & CoBurnham, Williams & Co
Year19091906191219031903
Valve GearWalschaertStephensonWalschaertStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft / m)12.50 / 3.8114 / 4.2712.50 / 3.8114.50 / 4.4213.17 / 4.01
Engine Wheelbase (ft / m)20 / 6.1021.92 / 6.6820 / 6.1021.83 / 6.6520.50 / 6.25
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.62 0.64 0.62 0.66 0.64
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft / m)43.50 / 13.26
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs / kg)
Weight on Drivers (lbs / kg)110,000 / 49,895115,000 / 52,163101,000 / 45,81371,000 / 32,20557,500 / 26,082
Engine Weight (lbs / kg)126,000 / 57,153133,000 / 60,328118,500 / 53,75184,000 / 38,10270,000 / 31,752
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs / kg)90,000 / 40,82390,000 / 40,82364,000 / 29,03064,000 / 29,030
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs / kg)216,000 / 97,976223,000 / 101,151148,000 / 67,132134,000 / 60,782
Tender Water Capacity (gals / ML)4500 / 17.054500 / 17.054500 / 17.053000 / 11.363000 / 11.36
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons / ML/MT)
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd / kg/m)61 / 30.5064 / 3256 / 2839 / 19.5032 / 16
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in / mm)48 / 121950 / 127048 / 121948 / 121948 / 1219
Boiler Pressure (psi / kPa)180 / 12.40180 / 12.40180 / 12.40160 / 11160 / 11
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)19" x 24" / 483x61019" x 26" / 483x66018" x 24" / 457x61016" x 24" / 406x61015" x 24" / 381x610
Tractive Effort (lbs / kg)27,617 / 12526.8828,721 / 13027.6424,786 / 11242.7517,408 / 7896.1515,300 / 6939.97
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 3.98 4.00 4.07 4.08 3.76
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft / m2)137 / 12.73149.80 / 13.92109 / 10.1389 / 8.2780.50 / 7.48
Grate Area (sq ft / m2)25 / 2.3228.10 / 2.6120.70 / 1.9215.40 / 1.4313.30 / 1.24
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1509 / 140.241737 / 161.431303 / 121.10960 / 89.22757 / 70.35
Superheating Surface (sq ft / m2)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1509 / 140.241737 / 161.431303 / 121.10960 / 89.22757 / 70.35
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume191.60203.58184.34171.89154.21
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation45005058372624642128
Same as above plus superheater percentage45005058372624642128
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area24,66026,96419,62014,24012,880
Power L140114371376532203024
Power MT241.17251.38246.55299.95347.83

Principal Dimensions by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Class8
Locobase ID11,484
RailroadBoyne City & South Eastern (BCG&A)
CountryUSA
Whyte2-6-0
Number in Class1
Road Numbers8
GaugeStd
Number Built1
BuilderBurnham, Williams & Co
Year1904
Valve GearStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft / m)15 / 4.57
Engine Wheelbase (ft / m)22.67 / 6.91
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.66
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft / m)
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs / kg)
Weight on Drivers (lbs / kg)86,000 / 39,009
Engine Weight (lbs / kg)104,000 / 47,174
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs / kg)64,000 / 29,030
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs / kg)168,000 / 76,204
Tender Water Capacity (gals / ML)3000 / 11.36
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons / ML/MT)
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd / kg/m)48 / 24
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in / mm)48 / 1219
Boiler Pressure (psi / kPa)180 / 12.40
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)17" x 24" / 432x610
Tractive Effort (lbs / kg)22,109 / 10028.49
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 3.89
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft / m2)125.10 / 11.63
Grate Area (sq ft / m2)17 / 1.58
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1256 / 116.73
Superheating Surface (sq ft / m2)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1256 / 116.73
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume199.21
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation3060
Same as above plus superheater percentage3060
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area22,518
Power L14297
Power MT330.46

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