B&H was formed in May 1924 at Hillsdale, Pearl River County in Mississippi. Randolph Batson, N. P. Hatten and W. H. Hatten pooled their resources to buy Ingram-Day's sawmill and town at Lyman and operate the 16 mile (25.8 km) railroad.
Other than three-truck Shay #8 purchased from Lima in September 1925, the 12 was the only new locomotive the B&H would buy. Outside radial valve gear, 12" (305 mm) piston valves, driver diameter, combined with the locomotive's considerably larger size show that it was not a tram-road engine. Instead, the 12 spent its time hauling B&H logs on the Gulf & Ship Island's main line.
Even so, the specs required that the locomotive "be arranged, as far as practicable, to be readily changed to burn wood fuel, in case of necessity." To that end, a Rushton Improved cabbage stack, covered under Extra Order 11984-1924, was shipped with the 12.
B&H operated its sawmill only until May 1932 before it closed down, most likely in the face of the worst year of the Great Depression. Except for a brief period later in 1932, the company never reopened.
Locomotive rebuilder/reseller bought the 12 after the B&H's closure and found it a new home in 1935 as Woodward Iron Company's #38.
After almost three decades working for the WIC, the 38 was donated to the Heart of Dixie Railroad Club at Calera, Ala in December 1963.
|Principal Dimensions by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media|
|Railroad||Batson & Hatten Lumber Company|
|Number in Class||1|
|Locomotive Length and Weight|
|Driver Wheelbase (ft / m)||14.67 / 4.47|
|Engine Wheelbase (ft / m)||23.67 / 7.21|
|Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase||0.62|
|Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft / m)||55.46 / 16.90|
|Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs / kg)|
|Weight on Drivers (lbs / kg)||170,000 / 77,111|
|Engine Weight (lbs / kg)||187,000 / 84,822|
|Tender Loaded Weight (lbs / kg)||123,800 / 56,155|
|Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs / kg)||310,800 / 140,977|
|Tender Water Capacity (gals / ML)||6000 / 22.73|
|Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons / ML/MT)||10 / 9.10|
|Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd / kg/m)||71 / 35.50|
|Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort|
|Driver Diameter (in / mm)||50 / 1270|
|Boiler Pressure (psi / kPa)||185 / 12.80|
|High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)||22" x 28" / 559x711|
|Tractive Effort (lbs / kg)||42,621 / 19332.58|
|Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort)||3.99|
|Firebox Area (sq ft / m2)||172 / 15.98|
|Grate Area (sq ft / m2)||46.20 / 4.29|
|Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)||2631 / 244.43|
|Superheating Surface (sq ft / m2)|
|Combined Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)||2631 / 244.43|
|Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume||213.57|
|Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)|
|Robert LeMassena's Power Computation||8547|
|Same as above plus superheater percentage||8547|
|Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area||31,820|