Elgin, Joliet & Eastern 2-8-2 "Mikado" Locomotives in the USA

The Elgin, Joliet and Eastern Railway began operations on December 4, 1888 through the merger of two small railways, one in Indiana and the other in Illinois. After the merger the new railroad expanded by purchasing several other smaller lines including the Waukegan & Southwestern Railway; Gardner, Coal City & Northern Railway; Western Indiana Railroad; and the Chicago, Lake Shore & Eastern Railway.

The EJ&E began to serve industries in the Hammond-East Chicago-Whiting industrial district after acquiring trackage rights in 1894. Construction of the present line to Gary, Whiting and South Chicago was initiated in 1899 by the Griffith and Northern Railway. Connections with the Chicago, Lake Shore and Eastern Railway and the Western Indiana Railway further penetrated the district. The EJ&E subsequently acquired both lines.

In 1901, United States Steel Corporation purchased the railroad and the Chicago based railway performed switching and transfer service until the line became Canadian National property.

This busy railway would buy eighty "Mikado" type locomotives, the first arrived in 1913 when the American Locomotive Company delivered twenty of them. They were assigned road numbers 700 through 719. .ALCO built twenty-six more between 1916 and 1919 which were given road numbers 720 through 745. All of these locomotives had 63" diameter drivers, 28" x 30" cylinders, a 185 psi boiler pressure, they exerted 58,706 pounds of tractive effort and each weighed 307,028 pounds. The firebox was 307 square feet including 20 square feet of arch tubes, the evaporative heating surface was 4,402 square feet and with the superheater the combined heating surface was 5,355 square feet.

In 1923, ALCO delivered ten, in 1924 the Lima Locomotive Works delivered five and in 1929-1930 the Baldwin Locomotive Works delivered fourteen more "Mikados". These locomotives were assigned road numbers 746 through 774. They had 63" diameter drivers, 28" x 30" cylinders, a 185 psi boiler pressure, exerted 58,706 pounds of tractive effort and each weighed 333,000 pounds. The firebox was 290 square feet including 20 square feet of arch tubes, the evaporative heating surface was 4,143 square feet and with the superheater the combined heating surface was 5,234 square feet.

There is one surviving EJ&E 2-8-2 "Mikado" type locomotives. It is number 765, which was sold to the DM&IR in 1948. It was renumbered to EJ&E 765 after it was retired on the DMIR and is now on display in Gateway Park in Gary, IN.


Roster by Richard Duley

Qty.Road NumbersYear BuiltBuilderNotes
20700-7191913ALCO1
18720-7371916ALCO2
5738-7421918ALCO3
3743-7451919ALCO4
5802-8061919ALCO5
10746-7551923ALCO6
5756-7601923Lima7
6761-7661929Baldwin8
8767-7741930Baldwin9
Notes:
  1. Numbers 700, 702, 703, 704, 705, 707, 708, 709, 712, 715, 716, 717 and 719 scrapped in 1946. Numbers 701, 706, 711, 713 and 718 scrapped in 1948. Numbers 710 and 714 scrapped in 1950.
  2. Numbers 720, 721, 722, 726, 730, 731, 732, 733, 736 and 737 scrapped in 1948. Numbers 723, 724, 725, 727, 728, 729 and 734 scrapped in 1949. Number 735 scrapped in 1950.
  3. Numbers 738, 739, 741 and 742 scrapped in 1948. Number 740 sold to the S&L in 1949 and became Sydney & Louisburg number 100 then scrapped in 1955.
  4. Numbers 743 and 745 scrapped in 1948. Number 744 scrapped in 1949.
  5. USRA allocated Mikado-Heavy locomotives. Numbers 802-806 received in 1919 were sold to the Western Pacific in 1920 and became WP numbers 306-310. WP numbers 306-310 scrapped by the WP during 1952 and 1953.
  6. Numbers 746-755 sold to the DMIR in 1948 and became DMIR numbers 1312-1321.
  7. Number 760 scrapped in 1947. Numbers 756-759 sold to the DMIR in 1948 and became DMIR numbers 1322-1325.
  8. Numbers 761-766 sold to the DMIR in 1948 and became DMIR numbers 1326-1331. Number 765 became DMIR number 1330 was renumbered as EJ&E 765 is preserved and is on display in Gary, IN.
  9. Numbers 771 and 772 scrapped in 1946. Numbers 767-770 sold to the DMIR in 1948 and became DMIR numbers 1332-1335. Numbers 773 and 774 sold to the DMIR in 1948 and became DMIR numbers 1336 and 1337.

Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class AB (Locobase 7298)

See data from EJ&E 1924 Locomotive data and 11 - 1938 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. Brooks works numbers were 52964-52983 in March 1913. Schenectady's numbers ran 55729-55746 in March 1916 and 58213-58220 in March 1918.

This design had one of the largest boilers for a Mikado of the just-superheated era of the early teens. It was mated with a relatively small firebox that had three arch tubes contributing only 20 sq ft (1.85 sq m).

The later locomotives (718, 720-745) were delivered in 1916 and 1918. They had Elesco feedwater heaters.

The diagram in the 1938 book shows the fully updated boiler variant that eventually rode on most of the class. By that time, the firebox heating surface included 14 sq ft of arch tubes (a drop from 20 sq ft in the original firebox) and 69 sq ft of thermic syphons.


Class AB (Locobase 7299)

See data from EJ&E 11 - 1938 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. See also DeGolyer, Vol 81, pp. 306+. Alco's Brooks works built 746-755 (builder's #64742-64751) in 1923, Lima supplied 756-760 (6695-6699) in 1924, and Baldwin added 761-766 (61076-61081) in September 1929 in 1929 and 767-774 (61372-61379) in May 1930.

These Mikes built on the pre-World War I design (Locobase 7298), adding a few tubes to the boiler and weight to the driving axles and some more superheater elements. In their most modified form, the firebox heating surface included 14 sq ft of arch tubes and 67 sq ft of thermic syphons. They also used Worthington No. 3 Type BL feedwater heaters rated to deliver 200 degree F (93 degree C) water to the boiler. Cylinders were fed through 14" (356 mm) piston valves.

When the EJ&E dieselized in 1948, all but three were sold to the Duluth, Missabe & Iron Range as their class N6 and numbered 1312-1337. They were all retired in 1961.

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassABAB
Locobase ID7298 7299
RailroadElgin, Joliet & Eastern (EJ&E)Elgin, Joliet & Eastern (EJ&E)
CountryUSAUSA
Whyte2-8-22-8-2
Number in Class4629
Road Numbers700-745746-774
GaugeStdStd
Number Built4629
BuilderAlcoseveral
Year19131923
Valve GearWalschaertWalschaert
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft / m)16.50 / 5.0316.50 / 5.03
Engine Wheelbase (ft / m)34.92 / 10.6436.17 / 11.02
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.47 0.46
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft / m)67.33 / 20.5268.06 / 20.74
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs / kg)63,100 / 28,62263,900 / 28,985
Weight on Drivers (lbs / kg)239,940 / 108,835246,500 / 111,811
Engine Weight (lbs / kg)313,960 / 142,410333,000 / 151,046
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs / kg)165,600 / 75,115172,600 / 78,290
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs / kg)479,560 / 217,525505,600 / 229,336
Tender Water Capacity (gals / ML)8500 / 32.208500 / 32.20
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons / ML/MT)16.50 / 1515 / 13.60
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd / kg/m)100 / 50103 / 51.50
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in / mm)63 / 160063 / 1600
Boiler Pressure (psi / kPa)185 / 12.80185 / 12.80
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)28" x 30" / 711x76228" x 30" / 711x762
Tractive Effort (lbs / kg)58,707 / 26629.0858,707 / 26629.08
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.09 4.20
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft / m2)244 / 22.67290 / 26.95
Grate Area (sq ft / m2)57 / 5.3057 / 5.30
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)4339 / 403.104143 / 385.04
Superheating Surface (sq ft / m2)953 / 88.541091 / 101.39
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)5292 / 491.645234 / 486.43
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume202.94193.78
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation10,54510,545
Same as above plus superheater percentage12,44312,759
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area53,26564,917
Power L112,84314,003
Power MT472.02500.95

Photos

Reference