Boston & Lowell 4-2-0 "Jervis" Locomotives in the USA


Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class Double Speeder (Locobase 13513)

Data from "Early Locomotive Works," Railroad Age Gazette, Volume XLV, No 16 (11 September 1908), p. 914. See also http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boston_and_Lowell_Railroad, last accessed 3 December 2011 and D K Minor (ed), "Boston And Lowell Railroad," American Railroad Journal and Advocate of Internal Improvements, Volume III, No 30 (2 August 1834), p. 469.

The early American journal of railroading proclaimed that the two engines being built at the Lowell shops, "....where the union of the best Yankee and foreign mechanical skill produces the highest perfection in machinery." (The second engine was to be named David Crockett in yet another example of the fame once owned by the Tennessee frontiersman.) Once the railroad was finished, said the ARJAII, and the two received "...the 'go ahead', it will be in earnest."

According to Wikipedia's extensive entry on the Boston & Lowell, the early roadbed was so rigid that the two locomotives that opened service on the line in 1835 took a terrible pounding from the lack of "give" and needed extensive repairs almost every night.

See David R Meyer, Networked Machinists: high-technology industries in Antebellum America (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006), p. 115, in which he discusses the Locks and Canals Shops' role as an incubator of talent.


Class Essex (Locobase 13550)

Data from table entitled "Table of Dimensions of the Locomotives" in New England Association of Railway Superintendents, Report of the Trials of Locomotive Engines Made Upon 1st and 2nd October, 1851 (Boston: B J Yerrinton, Printers, 1852), p. 16.

The St Clair was designed by the Essex's superintendent Caleb W Marvel. Locobase suspects that the Huron (later #21 of the O & LC) was a sister engine.

The O & LC would eventually merge with the Rutland.

NB: Boiler pressure and tube length both represent estimates.

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassDouble SpeederEssex
Locobase ID13,513 13,550
RailroadBoston & LowellBoston & Lowell
CountryUSAUSA
Whyte4-2-04-2-0
Number in Class11
Road Numbers
GaugeStdStd
Number Built11
BuilderLowell Machine ShopEssex Company
Year18351851
Valve GearStephensonV-hook
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft / m)
Engine Wheelbase (ft / m)
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft / m)
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs / kg)
Weight on Drivers (lbs / kg)14,500 / 6577
Engine Weight (lbs / kg)23,000 / 10,43348,740 / 22,108
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs / kg)
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs / kg)
Tender Water Capacity (gals / ML)
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons / ML/MT)
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd / kg/m)24 / 12
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in / mm)60 / 152472 / 1829
Boiler Pressure (psi / kPa)90 / 6.20100 / 6.90
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)11" x 16" / 279x40615" x 20" / 381x508
Tractive Effort (lbs / kg)2468 / 1119.475313 / 2409.94
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 5.88
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft / m2)61.31 / 5.70
Grate Area (sq ft / m2) 6.40 / 0.5910.75 / 1
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)300 / 27.87692 / 64.29
Superheating Surface (sq ft / m2)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)300 / 27.87692 / 64.29
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume170.47169.17
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation5761075
Same as above plus superheater percentage5761075
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area6131
Power L12929
Power MT