Albemarle & Raleigh / Atlantic Coast Line / Florence / Florida Southern / Jacksonville, Tampa & Key West / Norfolk & Carolina / North Eastern / North Eastern of South Carolina / Petersburg & Western / Richmond & Petersburg / Savannah, Florida & Western / South Florida / Wilmington & Weldon / Wilmington, Columbia & Augusta 4-4-0 "American" Locomotives in the USA

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Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 23/D-5 (Locobase 16262)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University Volume 16, p.162. Works numbers were 11457-11458. 11461, 11465 in January 1890.

This quartet were the last new engines bought by the South Florida before it was taken into the Savannah, Florida & Western in 1893. Apparently well-suited to the rails over which they rolled, all four remained in service with the SF&W and the Atlantic Coast Line (after 1902) until the mid-1920s.


Class 25 (Locobase 2148)

Data from Catalogue Descriptive of Simple and Compound Locomotives built by Brooks Locomotive Works, Dunkirk, NY (Buffalo, NY: Matthew-Northrup Company, 1899).

Builder info from B.Rumary, 25 Kingscombe, Gurney Slade, Radstock, BA3 4TH, ENGLAND and Jeremy Lambert as supplied by Allen Stanley in March 2004. Works numbers were 2427-2429 in May 1894.

Narrow firebox measured 7 ft long by 35" wide.


Class 26 (Locobase 12060)

Data from Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University Volume 18, p. 141. Works number was 13145 in January 1893. Weights are based on similar ACL locomotives with identical data.

This engine was very similar, if not identical, to the pair of Wilmington & Western engines from 1892 described in Locobase 7352. This Vauclain compound did not run for long as a compound, being converted to an 18" x 24" simple-expansion locomotive before the JT & KW was taken over by the Savannah, Florida & Western and renumbered 624.

The SF&W was absorbed by the Atlantic Coast Line in 1902, at which point this engine was reclassified F-4 and operated until 1930.


Class 28 (Locobase 11845)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines, 1888, as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University Volume 13, p.32. Works numbers were 7923 and 7927 in May 1886.

The 18 had its tender lettered for the Charleston & Savannah. Both locomotives were taken into the Atlantic Coast Line when it took over the SF&W in 1901 and both were scrapped in September 1917.


Class 33 (Locobase 16264)

Data from L&N 8 1927 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. See also DeGolyer, Volume 10, p. 155. Works numbers were 5477, 5480 in February 1881.

Wood-burning Eight-wheelers, this pair was close behind the Mogul shown in Locobase 16263 on the Baldwin production line.

[NB: Locobase estimates the heating surface areas of these two locomotives by comparing the data in the Baldwin specs to identical data for the Kentucky Central locomotive shown in Locobase 9784. The KC entry took its heating surface areas from a 1927 Louisville & Nashville diagram book. ]


Class 5 (Locobase 16260)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines, as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University, Volume 13, p. 94. Works numbers were 8074-8075, 8077-8078, 8080 in August 1886.

These were the first South Florida engines to be delivered as standard-gauge locomotives just before the SF was incorporated into the Savannah, Florida & Western in 1893. When the SF&W was incorporated into the Atlantic Coast Line at the turn of the century, the ACL grouped them into Class B-2 (earliest two) and B-4 (last three).

Despite the formalities of inducting the quintet, all were sold off the roster within the decade. The Drew Lumber Company bought the 445 (ex-SF 7) in 1892 and the 446 (ex-SF 6) went to the Florida Land Company in 1905. In May 1906, the ACL sold the 449 to locomotive rebuilder/reseller Georgia Car & Locomotive, which found a buyer in Lake City, Fla's Robbins & McGee. GC&L bought the last two as well, finding buyers for both. 448 reported to Melton Lumber in January 1908 and 446 went to work for Ingram-Deckle as their 42 in 1909.


Class 58/C-4 (Locobase 16265)

Data from L&N 8 1927 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. See also DeGolyer, Volume 11, p. 143. Works numbers were 6497, 6503, 6508 in December 1882; 6574, 6576 in January 1883

Curiously, lengthening the stroke on the wood-burning Eight-wheeler design of 1882 (described in Locobase 16264) led to a 3" (76.2 mm) deduction in tube length and in the wheelbases. The firebox was slightly smaller as well.

A later listing of Atlantic Coast Line's locomotives on the roster in 1908 gave the adhesion weight as 51,300 lb (23,269 kg) and engine weight as 76,100 lb (34,518 kg), .

470-471 were sold in March and December 1906 to L W Johnson . The other three remained on the ACL until they were scrapped in January (1468) and July (1467) 1921 and December 1925 (1468).

[NB: Locobase estimates the heating surface areas of these two locomotives by comparing the data in the Baldwin specs to identical data for the Kentucky Central locomotive shown in Locobase 9784. The KC entry took its heating surface areas from a 1927 Louisville & Nashville diagram book. ]


Class B - 400 (Locobase 7664)

Data from ACL 1930 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. Production date is estimated.


Class D (Locobase 7350)

Data from ACL 1913 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. Works numbers were

These cabbage-stackers were part of the Atlantic Coast Line's dowry when it was formed in 1900.

The gracefully drawn elevation shows a typical Eight-wheeler of the time with its ornate steam dome perched over the firebox's crown sheet. The firebox itself nestled deeply between the driving axles. A smaller steam dome sat on the first boiler course just ahead of the front driving axle.

Rogers built four of the locomotives for the Wilmington & Weldon. Meanwhile, the Wilmington, Columbia & Augusta -- eventually named the Atlantic Coast Line of South Carolina -- had purchased seven identical engines. Four of these were named German, Arabian, Russian, and Cuban.

The W&W was one of the principal predecessors, first as the Wilmington and Raleigh that began service in 1840, having completed the Wilmington-to-Weldon route that was at the time the world's longest railroad. (according to the North Carolina Business History website http://www.historync.org/railroad-WWRR.htm entry, accessed 31 Dec 2005).

In 1854, the railroad acquired its Wilmington & Weldon identity. By 1859, the W & W operated schedules day and night between Wilmington & Weldon. ( See the schedule at http://docsouth.unc.edu/nc/wwrr1859/wwrr1859.html (accessed 31 Dec 2005).) The express trips took 8 hours and had numerous flag stops. Over time the W & W combined and consumed several other railroads.


Class E J Kidder/A1 (Locobase 7665)

Data from ACL 1930 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. Works numbers were 225-226 in February 1866.

This pair of locomotives appearance in a 1930 diagram book must have stood as a memorial to the 1870s. They were delivered with 14" x 22" cylinders (356 mm x 559 mm) and 60" (1,524 mm) drivers. Sometime in the 1890s, the pair was rebuilt to the 15" x 24" dimensions shown in the specs.


Class F (Locobase 7355)

Data from ACL 1913 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. See also DeGolyer, Volume 12, p. 230. Works numbers were 7920, 7924 in May 1886; 10686 in February 1890; 12918 in September 1892.

The Atlantic Coast Line ordered a a large Rail Data Exchange of Eight-wheeler of the same design from Baldwin beginning in 1886. All were distributed to associated railroads that would be pulled together under the ACL herald in 1900.

508 received a new boiler in 1927, which extended its already long career considerably. It was sold in June 1933 to the Appilachicola Northern as their 104 because, said researcher Al Weber, the ACL had wrecked the AN's passenger locomotive #100. Nine years later, the AN sold the 104 to the S Joe Lumber & Export Company. The StJL&EC operated the 104 throughout World War II before scrapping it in 1948.


Class F (Locobase 15880)

Data from ACL 1913 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. See also DeGolyer, Volume 12, p. 230. Works numbers were 7925, 7933 in May 1886; 8737 in August 1887; 10137, 10140 in July 1889; 10685 in February 1890; 11481 in December 1890; 12142-12143, 12155 in August 1891; 12917 in September 1892.

The Atlantic Coast Line ordered a a large Rail Data Exchange of Eight-wheelers of the same design from Baldwin beginning in 1886. All were distributed to associated railroads that would be pulled together under the ACL herald in 1900.

ACL 59 and 64 were converted to wood-burning in 1918. In June 1934, the Virginia & South Carolina bought the engine and renumbered it 32 and 31, consectutively.


Class F (Locobase 15881)

Data from ACL 1913 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. See also DeGolyer, Volume 12, p. 230. Works numbers were 7914, 7916-7919 in May 1886; 9356-9357, 9361, 9369 in July 1888; 9517, 9521 in September; 10141, 10145-10146 in July 1889; 10680-10681, 10684 in February 1890; 11481, 11490 in January 1891; 12151-12153 in August 1891.

The Atlantic Coast Line ordered a a large Rail Data Exchange of Eight-wheelers of the same design from Baldwin beginning in 1886. All were distributed to associated railroads that would be pulled together under the ACL herald in 1900.

Several of the W&W locomotives were lettered for the Manchester & Augusta and then for the ACL of South Carolina before the class was taken into the ACL proper in 1900.


Class F (Locobase 15882)

Data from ACL 1913 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. See also DeGolyer, Volume 12, p. 230. Works numbers were 8737-8738 in August 1887; 9525, 9527 in October 1888; 11491 in December 1890.

The Atlantic Coast Line ordered a a large Rail Data Exchange of Eight-wheeler of the same design from Baldwin beginning in 1886. All were distributed to associated railroads that would be pulled together under the ACL herald in 1900.


Class F (Locobase 15884)

Data from ACL 1913 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. See also DeGolyer, Volume 12, p. 230. Works numbers were 9522 in September 1888 and 12920 in September 1892.

The Atlantic Coast Line ordered a a large Rail Data Exchange of Eight-wheelers of the same design from Baldwin beginning in 1886. All were distributed to associated railroads that would be pulled together under the ACL herald in 1900.

This engine was the last of three ordered by the ACL for the Wilmington & Weldon. It was apparently diverted either before or shortly after its arrival on the W&W to be engine #1 on the Florence.


Class F (Locobase 15885)

Data from ACL 1913 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. See also DeGolyer, Volume 14, p. 171. Works number was 9865 in March 1889

The Atlantic Coast Line ordered a a large collection of Eight-wheelers of the same design from Baldwin beginning in 1886. All were distributed to associated railroads that would be pulled together under the ACL herald in 1900.

The A&R soon was taken over by the Wilmington & Weldon, which renumbered the 3 as 134, placing it in the series it had been buying from Baldwin for a couple of years.


Class F (Locobase 15886)

Data from ACL 1913 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. See also DeGolyer, Volume 14, p. 171; Volume 15, p. 260; , Volume 18, p. . Works numbers were 10250-10251, 10257, 10259-10261, 10263, and 10267 in September 1889; 13677-13678 in August 1893.

The Atlantic Coast Line ordered a a large collection of Eight-wheelers of the same design from Baldwin beginning in 1886. All were distributed to associated railroads that would be pulled together under the ACL herald in 1900.

In 1908, the 44 went to the Washington & Vandemere. By 1917, the 39 operated from High Springs, Fla and had been modified to burn wood.


Class F-1 (Locobase 7354)

Data from ACL 1913 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. Works numbers were 3579-3580 in October 1885.

Rogers supplied pairs of Eight-wheelers to three related constituent railroads that would soon be taken into the Atlantic Coast Line. When they appeared in the ACL diagram book, they had identical dimensions. Locobase separates them into their original pairs to clarify which locomotives had which road numbers and work numbers.

The other two sets of two appear in Locobases 15878 and 15879.


Class F-1 (Locobase 15879)

Data from ACL 1913 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. Works numbers were 3576-3577 in September 1885.

Rogers supplied pairs of Eight-wheelers to three related constituent railroads that would soon be taken into the Atlantic Coast Line. When they appeared in the ACL diagram book, they had identical dimensions. Locobase separates them into their original pairs to clarify which locomotives had which road numbers and work numbers. Unlike the other four, this pair had names--the second engine was called "Texas".

The other two sets of two appear in Locobases 7354 and 15878.


Class F-2 (Locobase 15883)

Data from ACL 1913 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. See also DeGolyer, Volume 12, p. 230. Works number was 8740 in August 1887, 9523 in September 1888, 10150, 10152 in July 1889; 11488 in December 1890.

The Atlantic Coast Line ordered a a large Rail Data Exchange of Eight-wheeler of the same design from Baldwin beginning in 1886. All were distributed to associated railroads that would be pulled together under the ACL herald in 1900.


Class H - simpled (Locobase 7675)

Data from ACL 1930 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange.

Although similar in many ways to the D class that were delivered to the W & W ten years earlier (Locobase 7350), these Eight-wheelers were larger, operated at a higher pressure, and stood on taller drivers. This pair originally were delivered as Vauclain compounds (Locobase 7352). To convert them to simple-expansion,, It appears that the ACL simply removed the smaller cylinders

When the ACL printed their 1930 diagram book, they still were listed as active.


Class H/F-3 (Locobase 7352)

Data from DeGolyer, Volume 18, p. 43; and ACL 1930 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. Works numbers were 12923 and 12927 in September 1892.

These were relatively examples of Samuel Vauclain's four-cylinder compound concept. The each HP cylinder took the steam first, then shared it with its associated LP cylinder through a common 9" (229 mm) piston valve. Compared to their simple-expansion brethren, these engines had 3" deeper fireboxes (now 82"/2,083 mm) at the front sheet, 81"/2,057 mm at the rear sheet) with 1/2" thicker (now 6"/152 mm) crown bars.

They were later converted to simple expansion; see Locobase 7675.


Class Peruvian/F-1 (Locobase 15878)

Data from ACL 1913 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. Works numbers were 3569 and 3572 in August 1885.

Rogers supplied pairs of Eight-wheelers to three related constituent railroads that would soon be taken into the Atlantic Coast Line. When they appeared in the ACL diagram book, they had identical dimensions. Locobase separates them into their original pairs to clarify which locomotives had which road numbers and work numbers. Unlike the other four, this pair had names--the second engine was called "Texas".

The other two sets of two appear in Locobases 7354 and 15879.

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Class23/D-525262833
Locobase ID16,262 2148 12,060 11,845 16,264
RailroadSouth Florida (ACL)Florida Southern (ACL)Jacksonville, Tampa & Key West (ACL)Savannah, Florida & Western (ACL)Savannah, Florida & Western (ACL)
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-4-04-4-04-4-04-4-04-4-0
Number in Class43126
Road Numbers23, 25-26, 24/223, 225-226, 224/532, 534-535, 53325-27 / 701-03 / 537-3926 / 624 /7428, 18/502-50333-34/499-500
GaugeStdStdStdStd5'
Number Built43126
BuilderBurnham, Parry, Williams & CoBrooksBurnham, Williams & CoBurnham, Parry, Williams & CoBurnham, Williams & Co
Year18901894189318861881
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft / m) 8.50 / 2.59 8.50 / 2.59 8.50 / 2.59 8.75 / 2.67 8.25 / 2.51
Engine Wheelbase (ft / m)22.62 / 6.8922.50 / 6.8623.10 / 7.0422.62 / 6.8922.17 / 6.76
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.38 0.38 0.37 0.39 0.37
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft / m)44.75 / 13.64
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs / kg)
Weight on Drivers (lbs / kg)60,100 / 27,26158,600 / 26,58157,000 / 25,85551,000 / 23,13350,300 / 22,816
Engine Weight (lbs / kg)86,150 / 39,07793,600 / 42,45692,000 / 41,73179,000 / 35,83482,000 / 37,195
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs / kg)67,000 / 30,391
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs / kg)160,600 / 72,847
Tender Water Capacity (gals / ML)3500 / 13.263500 / 13.264000 / 15.153450 / 13.112000 / 7.58
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons / ML/MT)6 / 5.50
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd / kg/m)50 / 2549 / 24.5048 / 2443 / 21.5042 / 21
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in / mm)64.75 / 164562 / 157566 / 167664.25 / 163364 / 1626
Boiler Pressure (psi / kPa)160 / 11160 / 11180 / 12.40130 / 9130 / 9
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)17" x 24" / 432x61017" x 24" / 432x61011.5" x 24" / 292x61017" x 24" / 432x61017" x 22" / 432x559
Low Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)19" x 24" / 483x610
Tractive Effort (lbs / kg)14,568 / 6607.9415,214 / 6900.9610,770 / 4885.2011,929 / 5410.9110,977 / 4979.09
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.13 3.85 5.29 4.28 4.58
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft / m2)111 / 10.32134.80 / 12.53150.77 / 14.01107 / 9.94
Grate Area (sq ft / m2)17.10 / 1.5917 / 1.5817.11 / 1.5917.60 / 1.6416 / 1.49
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1166 / 108.361457 / 135.411311 / 121.841027 / 95.41
Superheating Surface (sq ft / m2)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1166 / 108.361457 / 135.411311 / 121.841027 / 95.41
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume184.93504.98207.93177.69
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation27362720308022882080
Same as above plus superheater percentage27362720308022882080
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area17,76024,26419,60013,910
Power L14513535745593748
Power MT339.57414.39394.15328.55

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Class558/C-4B - 400DE J Kidder/A1
Locobase ID16,260 16,265 7664 7350 7665
RailroadSouth Florida (ACL)Savannah, Florida & Western (ACL)Atlantic Coast Line (ACL)Atlantic Coast Line (ACL)Wilmington & Weldon (ACL)
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-4-04-4-04-4-04-4-04-4-0
Number in Class551122
Road Numbers5-6, 8-9, 7/205-206, 208-209, 207/446-449, 44558-60, 61, 61/470-471, 467, 469, 468/1467-1469400117-120, 590-59633-34/95-96/401-402
GaugeStd5'StdStdStd
Number Built551122
BuilderBurnham, Parry, Williams & CoBurnham, Williams & CoRogersWilliam Mason
Year18861882187018821866
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft / m) 7.67 / 2.348 / 2.44 7.67 / 2.34 8.25 / 2.51 7.50 / 2.29
Engine Wheelbase (ft / m)21.29 / 6.4921.75 / 6.6321.33 / 6.5022.36 / 6.8221.54 / 6.57
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.36 0.37 0.36 0.37 0.35
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft / m)42.69 / 13.0143.85 / 13.3740.83 / 12.44
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs / kg)
Weight on Drivers (lbs / kg)43,000 / 19,50444,000 / 19,95839,200 / 17,78150,200 / 22,77041,000 / 18,597
Engine Weight (lbs / kg)67,000 / 30,39168,000 / 30,84464,500 / 29,25782,100 / 37,24066,200 / 30,028
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs / kg)42,600 / 19,32362,000 / 28,12341,650 / 18,892
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs / kg)107,100 / 48,580144,100 / 65,363107,850 / 48,920
Tender Water Capacity (gals / ML)3000 / 11.362000 / 7.582700 / 10.232000 / 7.58
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons / ML/MT)
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd / kg/m)36 / 1837 / 18.5033 / 16.5042 / 2134 / 17
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in / mm)63.75 / 161963.75 / 161959.50 / 151162 / 157565 / 1651
Boiler Pressure (psi / kPa)130 / 9130 / 9130 / 9140 / 9.70130 / 9
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)15" x 24" / 381x61016" x 24" / 406x61015" x 24" / 381x61017" x 24" / 432x61015" x 24" / 381x610
Tractive Effort (lbs / kg)9360 / 4245.6310,650 / 4830.7610,029 / 4549.0813,313 / 6038.689180 / 4163.98
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.59 4.13 3.91 3.77 4.47
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft / m2)103 / 9.5787.60 / 8.1496.52 / 8.9775.60 / 7.03
Grate Area (sq ft / m2)13.90 / 1.2916 / 1.4914.39 / 1.3415.81 / 1.4711.72 / 1.09
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1015 / 94.30808 / 75.091156 / 107.43876 / 81.41
Superheating Surface (sq ft / m2)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1015 / 94.30808 / 75.091156 / 107.43876 / 81.41
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume181.74164.60183.35178.46
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation18072080187122131524
Same as above plus superheater percentage18072080187122131524
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area13,39011,38813,5139828
Power L13784327237603598
Power MT379.19368.04330.25386.94

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassFFFFF
Locobase ID7355 15,880 15,881 15,882 15,884
RailroadWilmington, Columbia & Augusta (ACL)North Eastern of South Carolina (ACL)Wilmington & Weldon (ACL)Petersburg & Western (ACL)Florence (ACL)
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-4-04-4-04-4-04-4-04-4-0
Number in Class4112251
Road Numbers80-81, 54, 56, /350/506-508, 51835-36, 15, 18, 24/504-505, 510-512/9, 8, 22124, 123, 125-133, 138-141/37/11, 10, 12-13, 509161-162, 164, 163/257-258/15-161/321/300/513/27
GaugeStdStdStdStdStd
Number Built4112251
BuilderBurnham, Parry, Williams & CoBurnham, Parry, Williams & CoBurnham, Parry, Williams & CoBurnham, Parry, Williams & CoBurnham, Parry, Williams & Co
Year18861886188618871888
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft / m) 8.50 / 2.59 8.50 / 2.59 8.50 / 2.59 8.50 / 2.59 8.50 / 2.59
Engine Wheelbase (ft / m)23 / 7.0123 / 7.0123 / 7.0123 / 7.0123 / 7.01
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.37
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft / m)45.37 / 13.8345.37 / 13.8345.37 / 13.8345.37 / 13.8345.37 / 13.83
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs / kg)30,340 / 13,76230,340 / 13,76230,340 / 13,76230,340 / 13,76230,340 / 13,762
Weight on Drivers (lbs / kg)57,410 / 26,04157,410 / 26,04157,410 / 26,04157,410 / 26,04157,410 / 26,041
Engine Weight (lbs / kg)92,210 / 41,82692,210 / 41,82692,210 / 41,82692,210 / 41,82692,210 / 41,826
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs / kg)62,000 / 28,12362,000 / 28,12362,000 / 28,12362,000 / 28,12362,000 / 28,123
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs / kg)154,210 / 69,949154,210 / 69,949154,210 / 69,949154,210 / 69,949154,210 / 69,949
Tender Water Capacity (gals / ML)2700 / 10.232700 / 10.232700 / 10.232700 / 10.232700 / 10.23
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons / ML/MT)
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd / kg/m)48 / 2448 / 2448 / 2448 / 2448 / 24
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in / mm)63 / 160063 / 160063 / 160063 / 160063 / 1600
Boiler Pressure (psi / kPa)130 / 9130 / 9130 / 9130 / 9130 / 9
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)18" x 24" / 457x61018" x 24" / 457x61018" x 24" / 457x61018" x 24" / 457x61018" x 24" / 457x610
Tractive Effort (lbs / kg)13,639 / 6186.5513,639 / 6186.5513,639 / 6186.5513,639 / 6186.5513,639 / 6186.55
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.21 4.21 4.21 4.21 4.21
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft / m2)134.50 / 12.50134.50 / 12.50134.50 / 12.50134.50 / 12.50134.50 / 12.50
Grate Area (sq ft / m2)17.10 / 1.5917.10 / 1.5917.10 / 1.5917.10 / 1.5917.10 / 1.59
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1457 / 135.411457 / 135.411457 / 135.411457 / 135.411457 / 135.41
Superheating Surface (sq ft / m2)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1457 / 135.411457 / 135.411457 / 135.411457 / 135.411457 / 135.41
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume206.12206.12206.12206.12206.12
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation22232223222322232223
Same as above plus superheater percentage22232223222322232223
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area17,48517,48517,48517,48517,485
Power L141124112411241124112
Power MT315.81315.81315.81315.81315.81

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassFFF-1F-1F-2
Locobase ID15,885 15,886 7354 15,879 15,883
RailroadAlbemarle & Raleigh (ACL)Norfolk & Carolina (ACL)Wilmington & Weldon (ACL)Wilmington, Columbia & Augusta (ACL)Richmond & Petersburg (ACL)
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-4-04-4-04-4-04-4-04-4-0
Number in Class110225
Road Numbers3/134/345-6, 9, 7-8, 11-14/404-407, 409, 408/39-42-46121-12278-79/500-501/1, 4187, 185, 182, 188/222-223, 225/387-388/430, 19
GaugeStdStdStdStdStd
Number Built110225
BuilderBurnham, Parry, Williams & CoBurnham, Parry, Williams & CoRogersRogersBurnham, Parry, Williams & Co
Year18891889188518851886
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft / m) 8.50 / 2.59 8.50 / 2.59 8.75 / 2.67 8.75 / 2.67 8.50 / 2.59
Engine Wheelbase (ft / m)23 / 7.0123 / 7.0122.95 / 722.95 / 723 / 7.01
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.37 0.37 0.38 0.38 0.37
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft / m)45.37 / 13.8345.37 / 13.8344.97 / 13.7144.97 / 13.7145.37 / 13.83
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs / kg)30,340 / 13,76230,340 / 13,76230,340 / 13,762
Weight on Drivers (lbs / kg)57,410 / 26,04157,410 / 26,04157,100 / 25,90057,100 / 25,90057,410 / 26,041
Engine Weight (lbs / kg)92,210 / 41,82692,210 / 41,82690,900 / 41,23290,900 / 41,23292,210 / 41,826
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs / kg)62,000 / 28,12362,000 / 28,12362,000 / 28,12362,000 / 28,12362,000 / 28,123
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs / kg)154,210 / 69,949154,210 / 69,949152,900 / 69,355152,900 / 69,355154,210 / 69,949
Tender Water Capacity (gals / ML)2700 / 10.232700 / 10.232700 / 10.232700 / 10.232700 / 10.23
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons / ML/MT)
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd / kg/m)48 / 2448 / 2448 / 2448 / 2448 / 24
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in / mm)63 / 160063 / 160062 / 157562 / 157563 / 1600
Boiler Pressure (psi / kPa)130 / 9130 / 9145 / 10145 / 10130 / 9
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)18" x 24" / 457x61018" x 24" / 457x61018" x 24" / 457x61018" x 24" / 457x61018" x 24" / 457x610
Tractive Effort (lbs / kg)13,639 / 6186.5513,639 / 6186.5515,458 / 7011.6415,458 / 7011.6413,639 / 6186.55
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.21 4.21 3.69 3.69 4.21
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft / m2)134.50 / 12.50134.50 / 12.50113.07 / 10.51113.07 / 10.51134.50 / 12.50
Grate Area (sq ft / m2)17.10 / 1.5917.10 / 1.5917.23 / 1.6017.23 / 1.6017.10 / 1.59
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1457 / 135.361457 / 135.411265 / 117.571265 / 117.571457 / 135.41
Superheating Surface (sq ft / m2)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1457 / 135.361457 / 135.411265 / 117.571265 / 117.571457 / 135.41
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume206.12206.12178.96178.96206.12
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation22232223249824982223
Same as above plus superheater percentage22232223249824982223
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area17,48517,48516,39516,39517,485
Power L141124112388038804112
Power MT315.81315.81299.61299.61315.81

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassH - simpledH/F-3Peruvian/F-1
Locobase ID7675 7352 15,878
RailroadAtlantic Coast Line (ACL)Wilmington & Weldon (ACL)North Eastern (ACL)
CountryUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-4-04-4-04-4-0
Number in Class222
Road Numbers145-146 / 65-66145-146/65-6633-34/502-503/2-3
GaugeStdStdStd
Number Built2
BuilderACLBurnham, Williams & CoRogers
Year191318921885
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft / m) 8.50 / 2.59 8.50 / 2.59 8.75 / 2.67
Engine Wheelbase (ft / m)23.10 / 7.0423.10 / 7.0422.95 / 7
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.37 0.37 0.38
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft / m)45.56 / 13.8945.56 / 13.8944.97 / 13.71
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs / kg)28,900 / 13,10927,720 / 12,574
Weight on Drivers (lbs / kg)56,620 / 25,68256,620 / 25,68257,100 / 25,900
Engine Weight (lbs / kg)93,820 / 42,55693,820 / 42,55690,900 / 41,232
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs / kg)62,000 / 28,12362,000 / 28,12362,000 / 28,123
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs / kg)155,820 / 70,679155,820 / 70,679152,900 / 69,355
Tender Water Capacity (gals / ML)2700 / 10.232700 / 10.232700 / 10.23
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons / ML/MT)
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd / kg/m)47 / 23.5047 / 23.5048 / 24
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in / mm)68 / 172768 / 172762 / 1575
Boiler Pressure (psi / kPa)180 / 12.40180 / 12.40145 / 10
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)19" x 24" / 483x61011.5" x 24" / 292x61018" x 24" / 457x610
Low Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)19" x 24" / 483x610
Tractive Effort (lbs / kg)19,494 / 8842.3410,453 / 4741.4115,458 / 7011.64
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 2.90 5.42 3.69
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft / m2)134.80 / 12.53134.80 / 12.53113.07 / 10.51
Grate Area (sq ft / m2)17.11 / 1.5917.11 / 1.5917.23 / 1.60
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1457 / 135.411457 / 135.411265 / 117.57
Superheating Surface (sq ft / m2)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1457 / 135.411457 / 135.411265 / 117.57
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume185.00504.98178.96
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation308030802498
Same as above plus superheater percentage308030802498
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area24,26424,26416,395
Power L1552055203880
Power MT429.87429.87299.61

Reference