Built for the Midland Pennsylvania, this Eight-wheeler was repossessed by Baldwin and sold to the DT & I. That railroad used the 16 on its Toledo-Detroit Railroad subsidiary.
In 1928 the DT & I donated the 16 to Henry Ford's Edison Institute in Dearborn, where it remained on display for decades. In 1980, the Ford Museum traded the 16 to the Illinois Railway Museum
The D&LN was originally chartered as the Lima Northern on 27 March 1895 and opened its first 80 miles of line from Lima to Adrian, Mich and soon extended it to Detroit. It was reorganized as the D&LN very soon aftrward, which then combined with Michigan division of the Cincinnati, Jackson & Mackinaw to be called the Detroit, Milwaukee & Toledo.
Just before the bankruptcy described below, Baldwin delivered this quartet of local-traffic Eight-wheelers.
Although building continued and the railroad acquired the Ohio Southern, contractors' suits and an outstanding Ohio Northwestern tab of $18,750 owed to Schenectady for eight locomotives forced the D&LN's foreclosure late in 1897. Again reorganized as the Detroit Southern, the line emerged from bankruptcy in May 1901. Further rearrangement, sale, and stock swaps resulted in the creation of the Detroit, Toledo & Ironton in 1905.
Three of the four were scrapped in 1921, but number 7 did not run from the time it was idled at the Ford Company's River Rouge plant until its complete restoration by the Henry Ford Museum.
Work began on the rebuild in 1897, a project that turned to be far more involved than expected. Actual disassembly started in 2007. Its initial 21st century run occurred on 12 June 2013.
|Principal Dimensions by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media|
|Railroad||Detroit, Toledo & Ironton (DT&I)||Detroit & Lima Northern (DT&I)|
|Number in Class||1||4|
|Builder||Baldwin||Burnham, Williams & Co|
|Locomotive Length and Weight|
|Driver Wheelbase (ft / m)||8.50 / 2.59||8.50 / 2.59|
|Engine Wheelbase (ft / m)||22.58 / 6.88||22.75 / 6.93|
|Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase||0.38||0.37|
|Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft / m)||49 / 14.94|
|Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs / kg)|
|Weight on Drivers (lbs / kg)||78,000 / 35,380||54,000 / 24,494|
|Engine Weight (lbs / kg)||115,000 / 52,163||84,000 / 38,102|
|Tender Loaded Weight (lbs / kg)||90,000 / 40,823||60,000 / 27,216|
|Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs / kg)||205,000 / 92,986||144,000 / 65,318|
|Tender Water Capacity (gals / ML)||4000 / 15.15||3350 / 12.69|
|Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons / ML/MT)||6 / 5.50||7 / 6.40|
|Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd / kg/m)||65 / 32.50||45 / 22.50|
|Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort|
|Driver Diameter (in / mm)||68 / 1727||62 / 1575|
|Boiler Pressure (psi / kPa)||190 / 13.10||180 / 12.40|
|High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)||18" x 24" / 457x610||16" x 24" / 406x610|
|Tractive Effort (lbs / kg)||18,468 / 8376.95||15,162 / 6877.38|
|Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort)||4.22||3.56|
|Firebox Area (sq ft / m2)||142 / 13.20||118.90 / 11.05|
|Grate Area (sq ft / m2)||29.30 / 2.72||16.50 / 1.53|
|Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)||1756 / 163.20||1157 / 107.49|
|Superheating Surface (sq ft / m2)|
|Combined Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)||1756 / 163.20||1157 / 107.49|
|Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume||248.42||207.16|
|Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)|
|Robert LeMassena's Power Computation||5567||2970|
|Same as above plus superheater percentage||5567||2970|
|Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area||26,980||21,402|