Lake Erie, Franklin & Clarion 4-4-0 "American" Locomotives in the USA

Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 97 (Locobase 14949)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University Volume 65, pp.174+ See also James Brown, M.Ed, "A Brief History of the Lake Erie, Franklin and Clarion Railroad at [] and Dr Roger B Saylor, "Lake Erie, Franklin & Clarion Railroad", Chapter 26 of The Railroads of Pennsylvania (1964) archived at . Works number was 54886 in June 1921.

Locobase 14230 gives a brief history of this western Pennsylvania short line and notes that the railroad amassed almost a million passenger miles in the period 1921-1925. This good-sized Eight-wheeler undoubtedly hauled the lion's share of that traffic. The 97 had the biggest saturated boiler on a Baldwin 4-4-0 since 1911.

Saylor tells us that the LEF&C had secured trackage rights on 48 miles (77.3 km) of New York Central line from Sutton to Franklin and ran trains on that service from 12 June 1911 to 31 December 1924.

By September 1926, however, the need for such a locomotive apparently faded and the 97 was sold. James Brown states that the engine was scrapped a year later, which is hard to believe.

(Saylor notes that a later passenger connection between Clarion and Summerville with connections to the Pennsylvania continued until 1938.)

Principal Dimensions by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Locobase ID14,949
RailroadLake Erie, Franklin & Clarion
Number in Class1
Road Numbers97
Number Built1
Valve GearStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft / m)8 / 2.44
Engine Wheelbase (ft / m)22.92 / 6.99
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.35
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft / m)51.77 / 15.78
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs / kg)
Weight on Drivers (lbs / kg)85,000 / 38,555
Engine Weight (lbs / kg)128,000 / 58,060
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs / kg)86,000 / 39,009
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs / kg)214,000 / 97,069
Tender Water Capacity (gals / ML)4000 / 15.15
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons / ML/MT)7 / 6.40
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd / kg/m)71 / 35.50
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in / mm)66 / 1676
Boiler Pressure (psi / kPa)180 / 12.40
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)19" x 24" / 483x610
Tractive Effort (lbs / kg)20,085 / 9110.41
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.23
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft / m2)169 / 15.70
Grate Area (sq ft / m2)31.50 / 2.93
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)2166 / 201.23
Superheating Surface (sq ft / m2)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)2166 / 201.23
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume275.02
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation5670
Same as above plus superheater percentage5670
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area30,420
Power L17570
Power MT392.68

All material Copyright ©
Wes Barris