Chicago & West Michigan / Detroit, Grand Rapids & Western / Detroit, Lansing & Northern / Flint & Pere Marquette / Pere Marquette / Saginaw, Tuscola & Huron 4-4-0 "American" Locomotives in the USA

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Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class E1 (Locobase 9250)

Data from PM 3 1929 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. Roster information developed by Art Million and Tom Dixon and presented on the Pere Marquette Historical Society website (http://www.pmhistsoc.org/stmrostr.shtml, accessed 1 March 2008).

Schenectady delivered a few of these Eight-wheelers to the D GR & W in the last few years of the 19th-Century. This pair rolled on 67" drivers; see Locobase 9251 for the 69" driver locomotive.

Begun in 1870 as the Ionia & Lansing Rail Road Company, this line was renamed Detroit, Lansing & Northern. By 1896, the railroad had reorganized as the D GR & W. Four years later it was joined the Flint & Pere Marquette and the Chicago & West Michigan to form the Pere Marquette.


Class E1 (Locobase 9251)

Data from PM 3 1929 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. Roster information developed by Art Million and Tom Dixon and presented on the Pere Marquette Historical Society website (http://www.pmhistsoc.org/stmrostr.shtml, accessed 1 March 2008).

This was the higher-drivered variant of the Schenectady designs of which 2 were delivered with 67" drivers (Locobase 9250). For some reason, the wheelbase of this design was shorter by quite a bit.

The Chicago & West Michigan began as the Paw Paw in 1867 when it first joined Lawton, Mich to Paw Paw. Within a year, the Paw Paw had been united with 14 other roads as the C & WM and ran from Bay View to New Buffalo along the shore of Lake Michigan. In 1900, it was merged with the Flint & Pere Marquett and the Detroit, Grand Rapids & Western as the Pere Marquette.


Class E2 (Locobase 9252)

Data from PM 3 1929 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. Works numbers were 4128-4129 in 1893.

The DL&N was reorganized as the Detroit, Grand Rapids & Western, which was combined with the Flint & Pere Marquette and the Chicago & West Michigan Railway to form the Pere Marquette in December 1899.


Class E3 (Locobase 9253)

Data from PM 3 1929 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. Roster information developed by Art Million and Tom Dixon and presented on the Pere Marquette Historical Society website (http://www.pmhistsoc.org/stmrostr.shtml, accessed 1 March 2008).

This small Eight-wheeler was a locally manufactured pair (PM's works #112, 114) that were small and relatively low-powered. Perhaps they needed to restrict their efforts to lightly loaded axles. (Note: Million and Dixon show these engines as having been delivered by Manchester Locomotive Works to the Chicago & West Michigan.)


Class E3 (Locobase 9254)

Data from PM 3 1929 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. Roster information developed by Art Million and Tom Dixon and presented on the Pere Marquette Historical Society website (http://www.pmhistsoc.org/stmrostr.shtml, accessed 1 March 2008).

Homebuilt by the railroad, these were light and slippery Eight-wheelers. Million and Dixon report that these locomotives were delivered to the D GR & W by Manchester.


Class E5 (Locobase 9255)

Data from PM 3 1929 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. Roster information developed by Art Million and Tom Dixon and presented on the Pere Marquette Historical Society website (http://www.pmhistsoc.org/stmrostr.shtml, accessed 1 March 2008).

The S T & H ran from Saginaw northeasterly to Sebewaing, thence to Bay Port in Huron County and eastward to Bad Axe. It was absorbed by the Pere Marquette in February 1900. The engine shown here was of a piece with most other pre-PM Eight-wheelers, although this one was older, smaller, and run at a lower pressure.


Class E5 (Locobase 9256)

Data from PM 3 1929 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. Roster information developed by Art Million and Tom Dixon and presented on the Pere Marquette Historical Society website (http://www.pmhistsoc.org/stmrostr.shtml, accessed 1 March 2008).

Locobase doesn't know how many engines Manchester originally delivered to the C & WM. By 1900, when the line was merged with others to make up the Pere Marquette, the PM took 5 into its variegated stud of Eight-wheelers.


Class E5 (Locobase 9257)

Data from PM 3 1929 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. Roster information developed by Art Million and Tom Dixon and presented on the Pere Marquette Historical Society website (http://www.pmhistsoc.org/stmrostr.shtml, accessed 1 March 2008).

A year after the C & WM took delivery of the Manchester batch described in Locobase 9256, it received these more-freight-oriented Eight-wheelers from Rhode Island. The boiler was smaller while the grate stayed the same. Driver diameter shrank by 4".


Class E5 (Locobase 9258)

Data from PM 3 1929 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. Roster information developed by Art Million and Tom Dixon and presented on the Pere Marquette Historical Society website (http://www.pmhistsoc.org/stmrostr.shtml, accessed 1 March 2008).

A year after the C & WM took delivery of the Manchester batch described in Locobase 9256, it received these more-freight-oriented Eight-wheelers from Rhode Island. The boiler was smaller while the grate stayed the same. Driver diameter shrank by 4".


Class E5 (Locobase 9259)

Data from PM 3 1929 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. Roster information developed by Art Million and Tom Dixon and presented on the Pere Marquette Historical Society website (http://www.pmhistsoc.org/stmrostr.shtml, accessed 1 March 2008).

The F & PM was, as would seem likely, a predecessor to the Pere Marquette. At the time of the purchase of this locomotive, traffic demands could not have been very great as this was a small locomotive with the typical power dimensions of the time.


Class E5 (Locobase 9260)

Data from PM 3 1929 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. Roster information developed by Art Million and Tom Dixon and presented on the Pere Marquette Historical Society website (http://www.pmhistsoc.org/stmrostr.shtml, accessed 1 March 2008).

Like many of the locomotives that rode the rails of the Pere Marquette's predecessor roads, this sextet differed from the others only in details. The boilers were about the same size as were the grates and the power dimensions varied even less. Very typical Eight-wheelers of the time.

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassE1E1E2E3E3
Locobase ID9250 9251 9252 9253 9254
RailroadDetroit, Grand Rapids & Western (PM)Chicago & West Michigan (PM)Detroit, Lansing & Northern (PM)Pere Marquette (PM)Detroit, Grand Rapids & Western (PM)
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-4-04-4-04-4-04-4-04-4-0
Number in Class21222
Road Numbers2-3438-39/5-627-2829-30
GaugeStdStdStdStdStd
Number Built21222
BuilderSchenectadySchenectadySchenectadyPMRRDGR&W
Year18971897189319001899
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft / m)9 / 2.74 8.58 / 2.629 / 2.74 8.58 / 2.62 8.58 / 2.62
Engine Wheelbase (ft / m)24 / 7.3221.08 / 6.4324 / 7.3223.08 / 7.0323.17 / 7.06
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.38 0.41 0.38 0.37 0.37
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft / m)44.92 / 13.6943.83 / 13.3644.92 / 13.6944.58 / 13.5944.75 / 13.64
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs / kg)
Weight on Drivers (lbs / kg)68,200 / 30,93568,200 / 30,93560,300 / 27,35259,200 / 26,85359,200 / 26,853
Engine Weight (lbs / kg)105,500 / 47,854105,200 / 47,71896,000 / 43,54599,200 / 44,996100,000 / 45,359
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs / kg)79,800 / 36,19779,000 / 35,83473,900 / 33,52177,400 / 35,10881,500 / 36,968
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs / kg)185,300 / 84,051184,200 / 83,552169,900 / 77,066176,600 / 80,104181,500 / 82,327
Tender Water Capacity (gals / ML)4000 / 15.154000 / 15.153300 / 12.503900 / 14.773900 / 14.77
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons / ML/MT)10 / 9.1010 / 9.109 / 8.2010 / 9.1010 / 9.10
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd / kg/m)57 / 28.5057 / 28.5050 / 2549 / 24.5049 / 24.50
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in / mm)67 / 170269 / 175367 / 170267 / 170267 / 1702
Boiler Pressure (psi / kPa)180 / 12.40180 / 12.40160 / 11180 / 12.40180 / 12.40
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)18" x 24" / 457x61018" x 24" / 457x61018" x 24" / 457x61017" x 24" / 432x61017" x 24" / 432x610
Tractive Effort (lbs / kg)17,757 / 8054.4517,242 / 7820.8515,784 / 7159.5115,839 / 7184.4615,839 / 7184.46
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 3.84 3.96 3.82 3.74 3.74
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft / m2)158 / 14.68159 / 14.78144 / 13.38133 / 12.36145 / 13.48
Grate Area (sq ft / m2)17.70 / 1.6417.70 / 1.6418.50 / 1.7217.50 / 1.6317.10 / 1.59
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1689 / 156.971690 / 157.061551 / 144.091473 / 136.901485 / 138.01
Superheating Surface (sq ft / m2)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1689 / 156.971690 / 157.061551 / 144.091473 / 136.901485 / 138.01
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume238.94239.09219.42233.62235.53
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation31863186296031503078
Same as above plus superheater percentage31863186296031503078
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area28,44028,62023,04023,94026,100
Power L170497277574068167045
Power MT455.73470.47419.72507.66524.71

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassE5E5E5E5E5
Locobase ID9255 9256 9257 9258 9259
RailroadSaginaw, Tuscola & Huron (PM)Chicago & West Michigan (PM)Chicago & West Michigan (PM)Chicago & West Michigan (PM)Flint & Pere Marquette (PM)
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-4-04-4-04-4-04-4-04-4-0
Number in Class15531
Road Numbers3141-44, 4647-5152-5455
GaugeStdStdStdStdStd
Number Built15531
BuilderRhode IslandManchesterRhode IslandRhode IslandSchenectady
Year18851890189118911888
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft / m) 8.58 / 2.62 8.50 / 2.59 8.58 / 2.62 8.58 / 2.62 8.25 / 2.51
Engine Wheelbase (ft / m)23.42 / 7.1423.08 / 7.0322.92 / 6.9922.58 / 6.8822.58 / 6.88
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.38 0.37
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft / m)44.67 / 13.6245.75 / 13.9444.67 / 13.6244.58 / 13.5944.17 / 13.46
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs / kg)
Weight on Drivers (lbs / kg)60,600 / 27,48858,400 / 26,49058,200 / 26,39957,000 / 25,85551,500 / 23,360
Engine Weight (lbs / kg)96,200 / 43,63691,900 / 41,68590,900 / 41,23291,000 / 41,27787,300 / 39,599
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs / kg)68,800 / 31,20774,900 / 33,97473,500 / 33,33973,700 / 33,43070,400 / 31,933
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs / kg)165,000 / 74,843166,800 / 75,659164,400 / 74,571164,700 / 74,707157,700 / 71,532
Tender Water Capacity (gals / ML)3000 / 11.363300 / 12.503500 / 13.263000 / 11.362900 / 10.98
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons / ML/MT)7 / 6.409 / 8.209 / 8.207 / 6.40 6.50 / 5.90
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd / kg/m)51 / 25.5049 / 24.5049 / 24.5048 / 2443 / 21.50
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in / mm)67 / 170267 / 170263 / 160067 / 170269 / 1753
Boiler Pressure (psi / kPa)150 / 10.30150 / 10.30150 / 10.30140 / 9.70150 / 10.30
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)17" x 24" / 432x61017" x 24" / 432x61017" x 24" / 432x61017" x 24" / 432x61017" x 24" / 432x610
Tractive Effort (lbs / kg)13,199 / 5986.9713,199 / 5986.9714,037 / 6367.0812,319 / 5587.8112,817 / 5813.70
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.59 4.42 4.15 4.63 4.02
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft / m2)114 / 10.59142 / 13.20126 / 11.71135 / 12.55117 / 10.87
Grate Area (sq ft / m2)17 / 1.5817.50 / 1.6317.50 / 1.6317.20 / 1.6014.90 / 1.38
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1255 / 116.641351 / 125.561288 / 119.701315 / 122.211255 / 116.64
Superheating Surface (sq ft / m2)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1255 / 116.641351 / 125.561288 / 119.701315 / 122.211255 / 116.64
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume199.05214.27204.28208.56199.05
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation25502625262524082235
Same as above plus superheater percentage25502625262524082235
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area17,10021,30018,90018,90017,550
Power L148485475479149345034
Power MT352.74413.37362.97381.67430.99

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassE5
Locobase ID9260
RailroadDetroit, Grand Rapids & Western (PM)
CountryUSA
Whyte4-4-0
Number in Class6
Road Numbers58-61, 67-68
GaugeStd
Number Built6
BuilderManchester
Year1883
Valve GearStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft / m) 8.58 / 2.62
Engine Wheelbase (ft / m)23.25 / 7.09
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.37
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft / m)44.75 / 13.64
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs / kg)
Weight on Drivers (lbs / kg)55,900 / 25,356
Engine Weight (lbs / kg)89,100 / 40,415
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs / kg)76,800 / 34,836
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs / kg)165,900 / 75,251
Tender Water Capacity (gals / ML)3300 / 12.50
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons / ML/MT)8 / 7.30
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd / kg/m)47 / 23.50
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in / mm)67 / 1702
Boiler Pressure (psi / kPa)150 / 10.30
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)17" x 24" / 432x610
Tractive Effort (lbs / kg)13,199 / 5986.97
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.24
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft / m2)142 / 13.20
Grate Area (sq ft / m2)17.40 / 1.62
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1304 / 121.19
Superheating Surface (sq ft / m2)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1304 / 121.19
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume206.82
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation2610
Same as above plus superheater percentage2610
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area21,300
Power L15350
Power MT421.99

Reference