Chicago & West Michigan / Detroit, Grand Rapids & Western / Detroit, Lansing & Northern / Flint & Pere Marquette / Pere Marquette / Saginaw, Tuscola & Huron 4-4-0 "American" Locomotives in the USA


Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class E1 (Locobase 9251)

Data from PM 3 1929 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. Roster information developed by Art Million and Tom Dixon and presented on the Pere Marquette Historical Society website (http://www.pmhistsoc.org/stmrostr.shtml, accessed 1 March 2008).

This was the higher-drivered variant of the Schenectady designs of which 2 were delivered with 67" drivers (Locobase 9250). For some reason, the wheelbase of this design was shorter by quite a bit.

The Chicago & West Michigan began as the Paw Paw in 1867 when it first joined Lawton, Mich to Paw Paw. Within a year, the Paw Paw had been united with 14 other roads as the C & WM and ran from Bay View to New Buffalo along the shore of Lake Michigan. In 1900, it was merged with the Flint & Pere Marquett and the Detroit, Grand Rapids & Western as the Pere Marquette.


Class E1 (Locobase 9250)

Data from PM 3 1929 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. Roster information developed by Art Million and Tom Dixon and presented on the Pere Marquette Historical Society website (http://www.pmhistsoc.org/stmrostr.shtml, accessed 1 March 2008).

Schenectady delivered a few of these Eight-wheelers to the D GR & W in the last few years of the 19th-Century. This pair rolled on 67" drivers; see Locobase 9251 for the 69" driver locomotive.

Begun in 1870 as the Ionia & Lansing Rail Road Company, this line was renamed Detroit, Lansing & Northern. By 1896, the railroad had reorganized as the D GR & W. Four years later it was joined the Flint & Pere Marquette and the Chicago & West Michigan to form the Pere Marquette.


Class E2 (Locobase 9252)

Data from PM 3 1929 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. Works numbers were 4128-4129 in 1893.

The DL&N was reorganized as the Detroit, Grand Rapids & Western, which was combined with the Flint & Pere Marquette and the Chicago & West Michigan Railway to form the Pere Marquette in December 1899.


Class E3 (Locobase 9254)

Data from PM 3 1929 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. Roster information developed by Art Million and Tom Dixon and presented on the Pere Marquette Historical Society website (http://www.pmhistsoc.org/stmrostr.shtml, accessed 1 March 2008).

Homebuilt by the railroad, these were light and slippery Eight-wheelers. Million and Dixon report that these locomotives were delivered to the D GR & W by Manchester.


Class E3 (Locobase 9253)

Data from PM 3 1929 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. Roster information developed by Art Million and Tom Dixon and presented on the Pere Marquette Historical Society website (http://www.pmhistsoc.org/stmrostr.shtml, accessed 1 March 2008).

This small Eight-wheeler was a locally manufactured pair (PM's works #112, 114) that were small and relatively low-powered. Perhaps they needed to restrict their efforts to lightly loaded axles. (Note: Million and Dixon show these engines as having been delivered by Manchester Locomotive Works to the Chicago & West Michigan.)


Class E5 (Locobase 9256)

Data from PM 3 1929 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. Roster information developed by Art Million and Tom Dixon and presented on the Pere Marquette Historical Society website (http://www.pmhistsoc.org/stmrostr.shtml, accessed 1 March 2008).

Locobase doesn't know how many engines Manchester originally delivered to the C & WM. By 1900, when the line was merged with others to make up the Pere Marquette, the PM took 5 into its variegated stud of Eight-wheelers.


Class E5 (Locobase 9257)

Data from PM 3 1929 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. Roster information developed by Art Million and Tom Dixon and presented on the Pere Marquette Historical Society website (http://www.pmhistsoc.org/stmrostr.shtml, accessed 1 March 2008).

A year after the C & WM took delivery of the Manchester batch described in Locobase 9256, it received these more-freight-oriented Eight-wheelers from Rhode Island. The boiler was smaller while the grate stayed the same. Driver diameter shrank by 4".


Class E5 (Locobase 9258)

Data from PM 3 1929 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. Roster information developed by Art Million and Tom Dixon and presented on the Pere Marquette Historical Society website (http://www.pmhistsoc.org/stmrostr.shtml, accessed 1 March 2008).

A year after the C & WM took delivery of the Manchester batch described in Locobase 9256, it received these more-freight-oriented Eight-wheelers from Rhode Island. The boiler was smaller while the grate stayed the same. Driver diameter shrank by 4".


Class E5 (Locobase 9260)

Data from PM 3 1929 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. Roster information developed by Art Million and Tom Dixon and presented on the Pere Marquette Historical Society website (http://www.pmhistsoc.org/stmrostr.shtml, accessed 1 March 2008).

Like many of the locomotives that rode the rails of the Pere Marquette's predecessor roads, this sextet differed from the others only in details. The boilers were about the same size as were the grates and the power dimensions varied even less. Very typical Eight-wheelers of the time.


Class E5 (Locobase 9259)

Data from PM 3 1929 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. Roster information developed by Art Million and Tom Dixon and presented on the Pere Marquette Historical Society website (http://www.pmhistsoc.org/stmrostr.shtml, accessed 1 March 2008).

The F & PM was, as would seem likely, a predecessor to the Pere Marquette. At the time of the purchase of this locomotive, traffic demands could not have been very great as this was a small locomotive with the typical power dimensions of the time.


Class E5 (Locobase 9255)

Data from PM 3 1929 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. Roster information developed by Art Million and Tom Dixon and presented on the Pere Marquette Historical Society website (http://www.pmhistsoc.org/stmrostr.shtml, accessed 1 March 2008).

The S T & H ran from Saginaw northeasterly to Sebewaing, thence to Bay Port in Huron County and eastward to Bad Axe. It was absorbed by the Pere Marquette in February 1900. The engine shown here was of a piece with most other pre-PM Eight-wheelers, although this one was older, smaller, and run at a lower pressure.

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassE1E1E2E3E3
Locobase ID9251 9250 9252 9254 9253
RailroadChicago & West Michigan (PM)Detroit, Grand Rapids & Western (PM)Detroit, Lansing & Northern (PM)Detroit, Grand Rapids & Western (PM)Pere Marquette (PM)
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-4-04-4-04-4-04-4-04-4-0
Number in Class12222
Road Numbers42-338-39/5-629-3027-28
GaugeStdStdStdStdStd
Number Built12222
BuilderSchenectadySchenectadySchenectadyDGR&WPMRR
Year18971897189318991900
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft / m) 8.58 / 2.629 / 2.749 / 2.74 8.58 / 2.62 8.58 / 2.62
Engine Wheelbase (ft / m)21.08 / 6.4324 / 7.3224 / 7.3223.17 / 7.0623.08 / 7.03
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.41 0.38 0.38 0.37 0.37
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft / m)43.83 / 13.3644.92 / 13.6944.92 / 13.6944.75 / 13.6444.58 / 13.59
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs / kg)
Weight on Drivers (lbs / kg)68,200 / 30,93568,200 / 30,93560,300 / 27,35259,200 / 26,85359,200 / 26,853
Engine Weight (lbs / kg)105,200 / 47,718105,500 / 47,85496,000 / 43,545100,000 / 45,35999,200 / 44,996
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs / kg)79,000 / 35,83479,800 / 36,19773,900 / 33,52181,500 / 36,96877,400 / 35,108
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs / kg)184,200 / 83,552185,300 / 84,051169,900 / 77,066181,500 / 82,327176,600 / 80,104
Tender Water Capacity (gals / ML)4000 / 15.154000 / 15.153300 / 12.503900 / 14.773900 / 14.77
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons / ML/MT)10 / 9.1010 / 9.109 / 8.2010 / 9.1010 / 9.10
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd / kg/m)57 / 28.5057 / 28.5050 / 2549 / 24.5049 / 24.50
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in / mm)69 / 175367 / 170267 / 170267 / 170267 / 1702
Boiler Pressure (psi / kPa)180 / 12.40180 / 12.40160 / 11180 / 12.40180 / 12.40
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)18" x 24" / 457x61018" x 24" / 457x61018" x 24" / 457x61017" x 24" / 432x61017" x 24" / 432x610
Tractive Effort (lbs / kg)17,242 / 7820.8517,757 / 8054.4515,784 / 7159.5115,839 / 7184.4615,839 / 7184.46
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 3.96 3.84 3.82 3.74 3.74
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft / m2)159 / 14.78158 / 14.68144 / 13.38145 / 13.48133 / 12.36
Grate Area (sq ft / m2)17.70 / 1.6417.70 / 1.6418.50 / 1.7217.10 / 1.5917.50 / 1.63
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1690 / 157.061689 / 156.971551 / 144.091485 / 138.011473 / 136.90
Superheating Surface (sq ft / m2)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1690 / 157.061689 / 156.971551 / 144.091485 / 138.011473 / 136.90
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume239.09238.94219.42235.53233.62
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation31863186296030783150
Same as above plus superheater percentage31863186296030783150
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area28,62028,44023,04026,10023,940
Power L172777049574070456816
Power MT470.47455.73419.72524.71507.66

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassE5E5E5E5E5
Locobase ID9256 9257 9258 9260 9259
RailroadChicago & West Michigan (PM)Chicago & West Michigan (PM)Chicago & West Michigan (PM)Detroit, Grand Rapids & Western (PM)Flint & Pere Marquette (PM)
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-4-04-4-04-4-04-4-04-4-0
Number in Class55361
Road Numbers41-44, 4647-5152-5458-61, 67-6855
GaugeStdStdStdStdStd
Number Built55361
BuilderManchesterRhode IslandRhode IslandManchesterSchenectady
Year18901891189118831888
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft / m) 8.50 / 2.59 8.58 / 2.62 8.58 / 2.62 8.58 / 2.62 8.25 / 2.51
Engine Wheelbase (ft / m)23.08 / 7.0322.92 / 6.9922.58 / 6.8823.25 / 7.0922.58 / 6.88
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.37 0.37 0.38 0.37 0.37
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft / m)45.75 / 13.9444.67 / 13.6244.58 / 13.5944.75 / 13.6444.17 / 13.46
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs / kg)
Weight on Drivers (lbs / kg)58,400 / 26,49058,200 / 26,39957,000 / 25,85555,900 / 25,35651,500 / 23,360
Engine Weight (lbs / kg)91,900 / 41,68590,900 / 41,23291,000 / 41,27789,100 / 40,41587,300 / 39,599
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs / kg)74,900 / 33,97473,500 / 33,33973,700 / 33,43076,800 / 34,83670,400 / 31,933
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs / kg)166,800 / 75,659164,400 / 74,571164,700 / 74,707165,900 / 75,251157,700 / 71,532
Tender Water Capacity (gals / ML)3300 / 12.503500 / 13.263000 / 11.363300 / 12.502900 / 10.98
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons / ML/MT)9 / 8.209 / 8.207 / 6.408 / 7.30 6.50 / 5.90
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd / kg/m)49 / 24.5049 / 24.5048 / 2447 / 23.5043 / 21.50
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in / mm)67 / 170263 / 160067 / 170267 / 170269 / 1753
Boiler Pressure (psi / kPa)150 / 10.30150 / 10.30140 / 9.70150 / 10.30150 / 10.30
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)17" x 24" / 432x61017" x 24" / 432x61017" x 24" / 432x61017" x 24" / 432x61017" x 24" / 432x610
Tractive Effort (lbs / kg)13,199 / 5986.9714,037 / 6367.0812,319 / 5587.8113,199 / 5986.9712,817 / 5813.70
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.42 4.15 4.63 4.24 4.02
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft / m2)142 / 13.20126 / 11.71135 / 12.55142 / 13.20117 / 10.87
Grate Area (sq ft / m2)17.50 / 1.6317.50 / 1.6317.20 / 1.6017.40 / 1.6214.90 / 1.38
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1351 / 125.561288 / 119.701315 / 122.211304 / 121.191255 / 116.64
Superheating Surface (sq ft / m2)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1351 / 125.561288 / 119.701315 / 122.211304 / 121.191255 / 116.64
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume214.27204.28208.56206.82199.05
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation26252625240826102235
Same as above plus superheater percentage26252625240826102235
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area21,30018,90018,90021,30017,550
Power L154754791493453505034
Power MT413.37362.97381.67421.99430.99

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassE5
Locobase ID9255
RailroadSaginaw, Tuscola & Huron (PM)
CountryUSA
Whyte4-4-0
Number in Class1
Road Numbers31
GaugeStd
Number Built1
BuilderRhode Island
Year1885
Valve GearStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft / m) 8.58 / 2.62
Engine Wheelbase (ft / m)23.42 / 7.14
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.37
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft / m)44.67 / 13.62
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs / kg)
Weight on Drivers (lbs / kg)60,600 / 27,488
Engine Weight (lbs / kg)96,200 / 43,636
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs / kg)68,800 / 31,207
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs / kg)165,000 / 74,843
Tender Water Capacity (gals / ML)3000 / 11.36
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons / ML/MT)7 / 6.40
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd / kg/m)51 / 25.50
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in / mm)67 / 1702
Boiler Pressure (psi / kPa)150 / 10.30
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)17" x 24" / 432x610
Tractive Effort (lbs / kg)13,199 / 5986.97
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.59
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft / m2)114 / 10.59
Grate Area (sq ft / m2)17 / 1.58
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1255 / 116.64
Superheating Surface (sq ft / m2)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1255 / 116.64
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume199.05
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation2550
Same as above plus superheater percentage2550
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area17,100
Power L14848
Power MT352.74

Reference