Wheeling & Lake Erie 4-4-0 "American" Locomotives in the USA

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Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class D-2 (Locobase 7881)

Data from W&LE 8 - 1923 & 10 1924 Locomotive Diagram books supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange.

These were the survivors of a larger class. This pair, which still ran on the railroad in 1924-1924 had builder's numbers 1895 (17, later 1252) and 2306.


Class D-2 - NYLW (Locobase 7877)

Data from W&LE 8 - 1923 & 10 1924 Locomotive Diagram books supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. Rome works numbers 47 in September 1883, 48-49 in October 1883, 56 in November.

This quartet of Eight-wheelers came from a small New York builder and stood out from the other 4-4-0s because of their longer tubes and greater evaporative heating surface.

The 25 was off the W&LE by 1900, which is when the other three received new numbers 318-320.

319-320 were sold to J C Carland Company in December 1905 and December 1906. 56 remained with the W&LE much longer, earning a new number (1254) in 1920 and only being scrapped in April 1926.


Class D-3 - 324 (Locobase 7880)

Data from W&LE 8 - 1923 & 10 1924 Locomotive Diagram books supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange.

This Brooks engine sported a larger boiler than W&LE Americans had mounted up to this point.


Class D-3 - NYLW (Locobase 7878)

Data from W&LE 8 - 1923 & 10 1924 Locomotive Diagram books supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. Works numbers were 67-68 in February 1884.

Rome supplied two new Eight-wheelers that had more cylinder volume, but a smaller boiler that reduced demand on the grate.

Renumbered several times, the two locomotives had different careers. 324 was scrapped in September 1911 while 323 was renumbered 1403 in 1919 and scrapped in October 1927.


Class D-4 (Locobase 7882)

Data from W&LE 8 - 1923 & 10 1924 Locomotive Diagram books supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. See also DeGolyer, Volume 25, p. 255. Works numbers were 22229-22231, 22259, 22308, and 22329 in June 1903.

This passenger Ten-wheeler design had a relatively short driving wheelbase and a relatively long front-truck wheelbase. As with many other Baldwin (and likely other builders) to many customers, the W&LE added a plate to the truck springs.

Locobase cannot say for sure why the original specs differ only in the firebox from the later Wheeling diagram books. The specification above shows the Baldwin calculations for firebox heating surface area and consequent evaporative heating surface area. The later diagrams showed a firebox area of 178 sq ft (16.54 sq m) plus three arch tubes measuring 17.7 sq ft.(1.64 sq m), which together with tube heating surface area presented 2,248 sq ft (208.85 sq m).

In a less surprising change, the class later trailed larger tenders weighing 129,000 lb when loaded with 7,000 US gallons (26,495 litres) of water and 10 tons (9.1 tonnes) of coal.

They remained in service for slightly less than three decades. 2204 was scrapped in in June 1927, 2201 and 2205 in December 1931, 2203 in August 1932, 2206 in November 1932, and 2202 in July 1933

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassD-2D-2 - NYLWD-3 - 324D-3 - NYLWD-4
Locobase ID7881 7877 7880 7878 7882
RailroadWheeling & Lake ErieWheeling & Lake ErieWheeling & Lake ErieWheeling & Lake ErieWheeling & Lake Erie
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-4-04-4-04-4-04-4-04-4-0
Number in Class24126
Road Numbers315-316 / 1251-125223-26/54-56/318-320 /1254324 / 140467-68/33-34/60-61/323-324/140363-68/350-355/2101-2106
GaugeStdStdStdStdStd
Number Built24126
BuilderRomeBrooksRomeBurnham, Williams & Co
Year18911883188918841901
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft / m)8 / 2.448 / 2.44 8.50 / 2.59 8.50 / 2.59 7.50 / 2.29
Engine Wheelbase (ft / m)22.25 / 6.7822.79 / 6.9523.33 / 7.1123.25 / 7.0922.92 / 6.99
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.36 0.35 0.36 0.37 0.33
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft / m)44 / 13.4145.33 / 13.8245.58 / 13.8948.54 / 14.7952.21 / 15.91
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs / kg)
Weight on Drivers (lbs / kg)52,000 / 23,58756,800 / 25,76461,200 / 27,76057,200 / 25,94694,740 / 42,973
Engine Weight (lbs / kg)80,000 / 36,28788,100 / 39,96285,700 / 38,87389,200 / 40,460140,240 / 63,612
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs / kg)72,600 / 32,93169,300 / 31,43480,000 / 36,28791,700 / 41,594129,500 / 58,740
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs / kg)152,600 / 69,218157,400 / 71,396165,700 / 75,160180,900 / 82,054269,740 / 122,352
Tender Water Capacity (gals / ML)3133 / 11.873120 / 11.823670 / 13.903540 / 13.416000 / 22.73
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons / ML/MT) 9.50 / 8.60 7.50 / 6.8010 / 9.1010 / 9.108 / 7.30
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd / kg/m)43 / 21.5047 / 23.5051 / 25.5048 / 2479 / 39.50
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in / mm)62 / 157562 / 157562 / 157562 / 157572 / 1829
Boiler Pressure (psi / kPa)150 / 10.30130 / 9145 / 10130 / 9190 / 13.10
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)16" x 24" / 406x61016" x 24" / 406x61017" x 24" / 432x61017" x 24" / 432x61019.5" x 26" / 495x660
Tractive Effort (lbs / kg)12,635 / 5731.1510,950 / 4966.8413,788 / 6254.1412,362 / 5607.3222,176 / 10058.88
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.12 5.19 4.44 4.63 4.27
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft / m2)102 / 9.48114 / 10.59127 / 11.80126 / 11.71136 / 12.63
Grate Area (sq ft / m2)15.10 / 1.4014.60 / 1.3616.20 / 1.5117 / 1.5844.17 / 4.10
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1048 / 97.401384 / 128.621387 / 128.901231 / 114.412203 / 204.66
Superheating Surface (sq ft / m2)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1048 / 97.401384 / 128.621387 / 128.901231 / 114.412203 / 204.66
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume187.64247.80219.98195.24245.13
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation22651898234922108392
Same as above plus superheater percentage22651898234922108392
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area15,30014,82018,41516,38025,840
Power L143244700480539657314
Power MT366.65364.85346.18305.64340.40

Reference