Birmingham, Columbus & St Andrews 4-6-0 "Ten-Wheeler" Locomotives in the USA

Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 55 (Locobase 14112)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works datacard as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University, Volume 47, p. 266. Works number was 39763 in May 1913.

A small Florida shortline chartered in 1903 to link Chipley, Fla with Birmingham, Ala, some 200 miles away. Alas for expectations, the BC&SA only rached Tiller, which was 19 miles away. The BC&SA also had trackage rights from Tiller to Southport. It entered receivership on 24 December 1908 (Merry Christmas) and it was the receivers who placed the order with Baldwin for this wood-burning Ten-wheeler. The design clearly reflects the reduced ambitions of this little road.

After a reorganization completed 26 September 1926, the railroad emerged as the Alabama & Western Florida and operated until abandonment in September 1939.

Principal Dimensions by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Locobase ID14,112
RailroadBirmingham, Columbus & St Andrews
Number in Class1
Road Numbers55
Number Built1
Valve GearWalschaert
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft / m)13.83 / 4.22
Engine Wheelbase (ft / m)24.06 / 7.33
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.57
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft / m)49.77 / 15.17
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs / kg)
Weight on Drivers (lbs / kg)84,000 / 38,102
Engine Weight (lbs / kg)112,000 / 50,802
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs / kg)80,000 / 36,287
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs / kg)192,000 / 87,089
Tender Water Capacity (gals / ML)4000 / 15.15
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons / ML/MT)
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd / kg/m)47 / 23.50
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in / mm)56 / 1422
Boiler Pressure (psi / kPa)170 / 11.70
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)18" x 24" / 457x610
Tractive Effort (lbs / kg)20,065 / 9101.34
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.19
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft / m2)132 / 12.26
Grate Area (sq ft / m2)16.60 / 1.54
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1596 / 148.27
Superheating Surface (sq ft / m2)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1596 / 148.27
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume225.79
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation2822
Same as above plus superheater percentage2822
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area22,440
Power L15064
Power MT398.72

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Wes Barris