Cape Fear & Northern 4-6-0 "Ten-Wheeler" Locomotives in the USA

Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 99 (Locobase 12370)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University, Volume 22, p. 177. Works number was 17157 in October 1899..

Small, modestly powered, wood-burning Ten-wheeler working for a modestly financed railroad that delayed its first effort at construction until 1898. The line ran 59 miles (95 km) from Durham to Dunn, North Carolina by 1903.

In 1906, the CF&N was reorganized as the Durham & Southern Railway. The 99 may have been too small as it was sold in 1906 to locomotive rebuilder/reseller Georgia Car & Locomotive. GC&L found a buyer in 1908 when the Greenville & Knoxville bought the engine and gave it road #10. About six years later the G&K reorganized as the Greenvillle & Western and sold the 10 to the Atlanta & St Andrews Bay. That road later renumbered the 10 as 121 and sold it to GC&L. GC&L found yet another buyer in the Georgia, Southwestern & Gulf on 30 November 1917.

Principal Dimensions by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Locobase ID12,370
RailroadCape Fear & Northern
Number in Class1
Road Numbers99
Number Built1
BuilderBurnham, Williams & Co
Valve GearStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft / m)12.83 / 3.91
Engine Wheelbase (ft / m)22.98 / 7
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.56
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft / m)
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs / kg)
Weight on Drivers (lbs / kg)71,000 / 32,205
Engine Weight (lbs / kg)94,000 / 42,638
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs / kg)65,000 / 29,484
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs / kg)159,000 / 72,122
Tender Water Capacity (gals / ML)3200 / 12.12
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons / ML/MT)
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd / kg/m)39 / 19.50
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in / mm)56 / 1422
Boiler Pressure (psi / kPa)180 / 12.40
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)16" x 24" / 406x610
Tractive Effort (lbs / kg)16,786 / 7614.01
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.23
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft / m2)105.70 / 9.82
Grate Area (sq ft / m2)15.40 / 1.43
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1210 / 112.45
Superheating Surface (sq ft / m2)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1210 / 112.45
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume216.65
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation2772
Same as above plus superheater percentage2772
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area19,026
Power L15229
Power MT487.10

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Wes Barris