Detroit & Lima Northern / Detroit Southern / Iron Railway 4-6-0 "Ten-Wheeler" Locomotives in the USA


Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 67 (Locobase 16236)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University Volume 21, p. 77. Works numbers were 15556-15557 in July 1897.

The Baldwin specs show that these two freight Ten-wheelers were to have been numbered 10-11, connoting their proximity to the four Eight-wheelers supplied by Baldwin just months earlier (Locobase 16233). They were given new numbers by the Detroit Southern

Both locomotives were off the Detroit, Toledo & Ironton roster by 1918.

NB: Locobase estimates the heating surfaces based on the otherwise identical dimensions (down to the 1/4" in tube length) of the Pearl & Leaf River's #8 from 1902 (Locobase 11747).


Class 80 (Locobase 12342)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University Volume 24, p. 264. Works numbers were 23440, 23452 in December 1912; 23517 and 23566-23567 in January 1904.

The December engines were originally intended for the Chicago, Cincinnati & Louisville, but were diverted to the Detroit Southern.


Class 85 (Locobase 12343)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University Volume 27, p. 194. Works numbers were 25036-25037 in January 1905 and 25080 in February.

These were duplicates of the earlier batch of five shown in Locobase 12342 rolling on smaller drivers in a purely freight role. Like the others, they retained their road numbers when the DS was reorganized as the Detroit, Toledo & Ironton in 1905.

All served the DT&I until the late 1930s. The 85 and 87 were off the roster by 1937, but the 86 was sold in 1936 to Ohio River Company as their XO-6101. The ORC served a barge terminal at Huntington, WVa. The XO-6101 was still switching in the mid-1950s.


Class John Campbell (Locobase 12139)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University Vol 19, p. 200. Works number was 14206 in January 1895. See also William C Pletz, "The Railroad That Went No Place (but eventually made it)", Ann Arbor Train & Trolley Watchers, 1979 as hosted on the Michigan Railroads site at http://www.michiganrailroads.com/RRHX/Stories/DT&I-TheRailroadThatWentNoPlacePart1.htm.

The I Rwy was taken up by the Detroit Southern on 25 September 1902, when the engine was renumbered as 64 . After the DS entered receivership in 1904, the line emerged in 1905 as the Detroit, Toledo & Ironton.

Principal Dimensions by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Class678085John Campbell
Locobase ID16,236 12,342 12,343 12,139
RailroadDetroit & Lima Northern (DT&I)Detroit Southern (DT&I)Detroit Southern (DT&I)Iron Railway (DT&I)
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-6-04-6-04-6-04-6-0
Number in Class3531
Road Numbers67-68/47-4880-8485-8710
GaugeStdStdStdStd
Number Built3531
BuilderBurnham, Williams & CoBurnham, Williams & CoBurnham, Williams & CoBurnham, Williams & Co
Year1897190319051894
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft / m)14.25 / 4.3414.25 / 4.3414.25 / 4.3411.75 / 3.58
Engine Wheelbase (ft / m)24.92 / 7.6024.25 / 7.3924.25 / 7.3922.08 / 6.73
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.57 0.59 0.59 0.53
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft / m)51.67 / 15.7551.67 / 15.75
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs / kg)
Weight on Drivers (lbs / kg)90,000 / 40,823111,500 / 50,576111,500 / 50,57678,000 / 35,380
Engine Weight (lbs / kg)120,000 / 56,246140,000 / 63,503140,000 / 63,503100,000 / 45,359
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs / kg)70,000 / 31,752100,000 / 45,359100,000 / 45,359
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs / kg)190,000 / 87,998240,000 / 108,862240,000 / 108,862
Tender Water Capacity (gals / ML)3500 / 13.265000 / 18.945000 / 18.943000 / 11.36
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons / ML/MT)12 / 10.9012 / 10.90
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd / kg/m)50 / 2562 / 3162 / 3143 / 21.50
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in / mm)56 / 142262 / 142256 / 142254 / 1372
Boiler Pressure (psi / kPa)180 / 12.40180 / 12.40180 / 12.40160 / 11
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)18" x 24" / 457x61019" x 26" / 483x66019" x 26" / 483x66017" x 24" / 432x610
Tractive Effort (lbs / kg)21,245 / 9636.5823,162 / 10506.1225,644 / 11631.9417,468 / 7923.36
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.24 4.81 4.35 4.47
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft / m2)146.53 / 13.53175.50 / 16.31175.50 / 16.31120.10 / 11.16
Grate Area (sq ft / m2)17.30 / 1.5924.70 / 2.3024.70 / 2.3023.40 / 2.17
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1962 / 182.252340 / 217.472340 / 217.471815 / 168.68
Superheating Surface (sq ft / m2)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1962 / 182.252340 / 217.472340 / 217.471815 / 168.68
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume277.57274.26274.26287.87
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation3114444644463744
Same as above plus superheater percentage3114444644463744
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area26,37531,59031,59019,216
Power L16404701463355517
Power MT470.61416.05375.77467.80

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