Tallulah Falls 4-6-0 "Ten-Wheeler" Locomotives in the USA

Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 3 (Locobase 11503)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University, Volume 26, p. 238. Works number was 23848 in February 1904.

The Tallulah Falls straddled the border between Georgia and North Carolina, connecting Cornelia, Georgia on the Southern Railway with Franklin 58 miles (93.4 km) due north in western North Carolina. Cary Franklin Poole, in his History of Railroading in Western North Carolina, observes: "Few railroads embodied the soul of mountain railroading as did the Tallulah Falls Railway. The railroad ...was seldom out of debt but was much beloved by the country folk it served." (p. 47).

Despite its occasional nickname of "Total Failure", the TF was in fact a long-lived railroad in terrain so rugged and remote that it maintained a passenger schedule until 1946. Its last freight run came in 1961.

Principal Dimensions by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Locobase ID11,503
RailroadTallulah Falls
Number in Class1
Road Numbers3 / 73
Number Built1
BuilderBurnham, Williams & Co
Valve GearStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft / m)11 / 3.35
Engine Wheelbase (ft / m)21.25 / 6.48
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.52
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft / m)47 / 14.33
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs / kg)
Weight on Drivers (lbs / kg)79,500 / 36,061
Engine Weight (lbs / kg)103,000 / 46,720
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs / kg)90,000 / 40,823
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs / kg)193,000 / 87,543
Tender Water Capacity (gals / ML)4500 / 17.05
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons / ML/MT)
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd / kg/m)44 / 22
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in / mm)56 / 1422
Boiler Pressure (psi / kPa)170 / 11.70
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)17" x 24" / 432x610
Tractive Effort (lbs / kg)17,897 / 8117.95
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.44
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft / m2)111.10 / 10.33
Grate Area (sq ft / m2)19.70 / 1.83
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1371 / 127.42
Superheating Surface (sq ft / m2)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1371 / 127.42
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume217.45
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation3349
Same as above plus superheater percentage3349
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area18,887
Power L14848
Power MT403.32

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