Alabama Great Southern / Southern Other Articulated Locomotives in the USA

Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class J (Locobase 10990)

Data from Record of Recent Construction #68 (Baldwin Locomotive Works, 1910), p.24-25. See also DeGolyer, Volume 33, pp. 177+. Works number was 33867 in October 1909.

Other than those of the Great Northern (Locobases 352 and 13536), Baldwin managed to sell only three more of this unequal wheel arrangement to two other railroads. Two went to the Southern while this lone engine was delivered to a Georgia subsidiary.

The specifications called for the engine to haul 2,000 short tons up a straight 1% grade and 1,700 short tons up 1 1/4% straight grade, both loads at 8-10 mph (12-16 kph). Baldwin reported that the engine was operating over 1 1/4% grades and developing 72,700 lb (32,976 kg) of tractive effort. It used a "reheater" in the smokebox (638 sq ft/59.27 sq m) to dry the steam before admitting it to the low-pressure cylinders. All four cylinders were supplied through piston valves.

Comparing the original specs in the DeGolyer volume with the data presented in the Record of Recent Construction shows the original weight estimates were a bit high, but the tender's loaded weight estimate only slightly on the low side.

After about four years of what must have been unsatisfying operation, the engine went over to the Chicago, New Orleans & Texas in 1914 for three years and then to the Southern itself. The Southern ran it for another eighteen years before scrapping it in 1935.

Class Ls (Locobase 293)

Data from CNO&TP MB 1917 Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange. See also DeGolyer, Volume 35, pp. 95+.; and "Baldwin Mallet Articulated Compound for the Southern Railway", Railway and Locomotive Engineering, Volume 24, No. 6 (June 1911), p. 246. (Thanks to Chris Hohl for his 9 April 2018 email noting a discrepancy in the tender weight.) Works numbers were 36031-36032

Early Mallets with unequal wheel arrangement and a firebox that resembled a Wootten anthracite burner in its width. Rigid wheelbases were 10 ft (front) and 15 ft (rear). The smokebox held a Baldwin reheater (638 sq ft/59.27 sq m) to dry the steam before admitting it to the low-pressure cylinders.The HP cylinders were supplied by 13" (331 mm) piston valves; LP cylinders used Richardson balanced slide valves.

Only three built for the Southern (2) and Alabama Great Southern (see Locobase 10990).

Boiler pressure later reduced and tractive effort dropped to 72,500 lb. Great Northern 2-6-8-0s were very similar.

Principal Dimensions by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Locobase ID10,990 293
RailroadAlabama Great Southern (SRS)Southern (SRS)
Number in Class12
Road Numbers300/63994002-4003
Number Built12
Valve GearWalschaertWalschaert
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft / m)15 / 4.5734.42 / 10.49
Engine Wheelbase (ft / m)43.33 / 13.2143.33 / 13.21
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.35 0.79
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft / m)71.54 / 21.8171.54 / 21.81
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs / kg)
Weight on Drivers (lbs / kg)332,700 / 150,910332,700 / 150,910
Engine Weight (lbs / kg)363,550 / 164,904363,500 / 164,881
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs / kg)171,450 / 77,769171,450 / 73,482
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs / kg)535,000 / 242,673534,950 / 238,363
Tender Water Capacity (gals / ML)9000 / 34.099000 / 34.09
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons / ML/MT)13 / 11.8013 / 11.80
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd / kg/m)79 / 39.5079 / 39.50
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in / mm)56 / 142256 / 1422
Boiler Pressure (psi / kPa)200 / 13.80200 / 13.80
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)23" x 32" / 584x81323" x 32" / 584x813
Low Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)35" x 32" / 889x81335" x 32" / 889x813
Tractive Effort (lbs / kg)71,780 / 32558.9071,780 / 32558.90
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.63 4.63
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft / m2)228 / 21.18221 / 20.53
Grate Area (sq ft / m2)78 / 7.2578 / 7.25
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)5611 / 521.275601 / 520.35
Superheating Surface (sq ft / m2)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)5611 / 521.275601 / 520.35
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume364.64363.99
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation15,60015,600
Same as above plus superheater percentage15,60015,600
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area45,60044,200
Power L135363513
Power MT164.02162.95

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