Columbus, Hocking Valley & Toledo / Virginia Air Line 2-6-0 "Mogul" Locomotives of the USA

Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 13 (Locobase 9410)

Data from American Engineering & Railroad Journal, Vol LXVIII, #2 (February 1894), pp. 71-74. Works numbers were 1451 in April 1893 and 1489-1490 in November.

The AERJ explains that this design was one of five shown by Pittsburgh at the 1893 Columbian Exposition in Chicago. See Locobase 5845 for the Vandalia Line's very similar Ten-wheeler and a description of the "Pittsburgh system" of cross-compounding.

Class 3/E-5 (Locobase 7855)

Data from C&O 9-1936 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. See also DeGolyer, Volume 32, p. 245. (Thanks to Chris Hohl for his 18 June 2015 email and spreadsheet pointing me to the Baldwin specifications page and VAL road numbers.) Works numbers were 32830-32831 in June 1908.

The Virginia Air Line was built to get around the loading-gauge limitations of many of the Blue Ridge tunnels on the C&O. Chartered in 1906 and opened in October 1908, the VAL linked the Piedmont subdivision with the Rivanna subdivision of the James River Line. Lindsay, Virginia was the junction at the Piedmont end and Strathmore joined the VAL and the Rivanna sub.

This pair of Moguls seem small to be carrying bigger loads than could fit through any tunnel; indeed, they were small 2-6-0s for their time, period. Baldwin's specs overestimated the adhesion and engine weights, a relatively rare outcome.

But they obviously served the mixed-traffic trains that made up the rest of the schedule. 427 left service in 1935, 428 in 1946.

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Locobase ID9410 7855
RailroadColumbus, Hocking Valley & Toledo (C&O)Virginia Air Line (C&O)
Number in Class32
Road Numbers13-153, 5/330, 332/15-16/19-20/427-428
Number Built32
BuilderPittsburghBurnham, Williams & Co
Valve GearStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft)13.1712
Engine Wheelbase (ft)20.8320.25
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.63 0.59
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft)48.3348.67
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs)
Weight on Drivers (lbs)100,000104,300
Engine Weight (lbs)116,000120,400
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs)96,500117,400
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs)212,500237,800
Tender Water Capacity (gals)36006000
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons)710
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd)5658
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in)5456
Boiler Pressure (psi)180180
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in)19" x 26" (1)19" x 26"
Low Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in)29" x 26" (1)
Tractive Effort (lbs)18,60725,644
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 5.37 4.07
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft)161144
Grate Area (sq ft)24.2025.90
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft)14721603
Superheating Surface (sq ft)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft)14721603
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume345.05187.88
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation43564662
Same as above plus superheater percentage43564662
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area28,98025,920
Power L137124574
Power MT245.51290.05


If you have any railroad data such as diagram books, rail station plans or anything else that you would be willing to share, please contact us.