Central Vermont 4-8-2 "Mountain" Locomotives of the USA

A Canadian National Mountain

Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class U-1-a (Locobase 7102)

Data from CV 1957 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. (Thanks to Chris Hohl for the link to the BrassTrains.com photo that pinned down the tender's coal capacity.) Works numbers were 67335-67338 in May 1927.

These Mountains were owned by the CV's parent Canadian National Railway and leased to the Vermont railroad. The firebox heating surface included a combustion chamber, 14 sq ft (1.3 sq m) (in two arch tubes, and 76 sq ft (7.05 sq m) in Nicholson thermic syphons. They also mounted Coffin feedwater heaters. Relatively small and light as North American 4-8-2s went, the U-1s were charged with moving The Montrealer over the CV's portion of the New York-Montreal express. Drury (1993) comments that they "were about the same size as the Florida East Coast 400 series ..." (See Locobase 1348). Indeed, a comparison of the specs shows them to have been virtually identical in every respect except for the CV engines having a higher boiler pressure.

Retirements came only in the late 1950s.

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Locobase ID7102
RailroadCentral Vermont (CNR)
Number in Class4
Road Numbers600-603
Number Built4
Valve GearWalschaert
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase19.58'
Engine Wheelbase42.08'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.47
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)76.96'
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)
Weight on Drivers215500 lbs
Engine Weight326100 lbs
Tender Light Weight200060 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight526160 lbs
Tender Water Capacity9550 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)18 tons
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)90 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter73"
Boiler Pressure210 psi
Cylinders (dia x stroke)26" x 28"
Tractive Effort46283 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.66
Heating Ability
Firebox Area384 sq. ft
Grate Area66.80 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface3856 sq. ft
Superheating Surface968 sq. ft
Combined Heating Surface4824 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume224.11
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation14028
Same as above plus superheater percentage16834
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area96768
Power L121514
Power MT880.37



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