Chicago, Burlington & Quincy / Colorado & Southern 4-6-2 "Pacific" Locomotives of the USA


Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class F-3-A (Locobase 6757)

Data from C&S 7 -1939 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

Firebox heating surface included 31.4 sq ft of arch tubes.

In 1922-25, the C&S rebuilt its quintet with new cylinders and superheaters and added Elesco feedwater heaters and new tender trucks in 1929. They also raised working steam pressure by 40 psi (2.76 bar).

Except for 354, which was totalled in a February 1938 wreck, the class carried on into the late 1940s, the last locomotive retiring in 1951.


Class F-3-B (Locobase 9385)

Data from C & S 7 -1941 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Works numbers were 48261in April 1918; 48731 in May;49071 in June.

This trio was part of a batch of S-3s (Locobase 1186) originally supplied to the Burlington Road in 1918. Although they had the same layout as the earlier S-3s, the heating surfaces varied slightly. In July 1919, the Burlington leased 2965, 2970, 2973 (48261, 48731, 49071) to the C & S (and sold them outright in December 1920).

Locobase chose to highlight them to show the differences from the earlier S-3 batches.


Class F-3-C (Locobase 6758)

Data from C & S 7 -1939 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. See also DeGolyer, Vol 67, pp. 6+. Works numbers were 55569-55571 in July 1922.

These were substantial Pacifics based on the Burlington's S-3 (Locobase 1186) with a generous increase in direct heating surface over the 1911 F-3-As (Locobase 6757). The boiler's dimensions reflected the then-current thinking that tube length was less important than truly hot heating surfaces. So the tube length was cut by 30" (762 mm) and that "savings" was invested in a combustion chamber that contributed 59 sq ft (5.5 sq m) to the firebox heating surface. This augmented the 36.7 sq ft (3.4 sq m) in the arch tubes. Piston valves diameter was a relatively generous 14 inches (356 mm).

Although never truly express locomotives -- the 69" drivers were more realistic given the profile over which C & S passenger trains would run -- these were quite satisfactory engines and remained in service into the 1950s. 375 was scrapped in April 1954, 373 in May 1955, and 374 went in November 1960.


Class S-1 - Stephenson (Locobase 156)

Data from "Prairie and Pacific Locomotives," American Engineering and Railroad Journal, Volume 80, No 8 (August 1906), p. 300-302. 70 built by Alco and Baldwin from 1906 to 1909.

The first 45 had Stephenson gear off inside 12" piston valves; the data for these are shown above. At the time the class was introduced, AERJ described them as ranking "...among the heaviest and most powerful of the type in our records."

The last 25 also had inside valves but Walschaert valve gear and fewer boiler tubes; see Locobase 13506.

Most of the class was rebuilt during the 1920s as S-1A (see Locobase 5474) with piston valves and valve gear moved outside, superheaters, and feedwater heaters.


Class S-1 - Walschaert (Locobase 13506)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University, Volume 33, p. 86. Baldwin works numbers were 33441-33449 in May 1909; 33450-33452; 33471-33472, 33485-33493 in June; 33523-33524 in July.

Locobase 156 shows the first 45 engines delivered to this basic design in 1906-1907. Supplied by Alco and Baldwin, these had Stephenson valve gear and slightly bigger boilers.

Most rebuilt during the 1920s as S-1A (see Locobase 5474) with piston valves and valve gear moved outside, superheaters, and feedwater heaters.


Class S-1A (Locobase 5473)

Data from locomotive diagram published on Vernon Beck's website -- http://home.earthlink.net/~vnlbeck/S/s1t.tif (accessed 22 March 2003).

This was the made-over S-1 design; the original saturated-boiler variants are shown in Locobase 156 and 13506.. The firebox had 33 sq ft of arch tubes. Tractive effort didn't change much, but the locomotive had drier, hence more potent steam. Interestingly, those that had Stephenson gear retained it, possibly because they'd been delivered with piston valves.

What was changed in 56 of the original 70 was the boiler contents -- fewer tubes, superheater flues added. What's shown above is the 32-tube variant. Some may have been upgraded twice. Beck's book (diagrams supplied by Ray Buhrmaster and Joe Douda) shows an "S-1" modification with 24 flues, 171 tubes pressed to 185 psi and either retaining the 22" cylinders or fitted with 25". But all of the engines listed on the S-1a page had either 30 flues for an Emerson superheater and 158 tubes or the combination shown in the specs. Cylinder diameters could be 23, 24, or 25", but boiler pressure was always 200 psi.


Class S-2 (Locobase 9384)

Data from CB&Q Assorted Steam Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Works numbers were 34511-34516, 34583-34588, 34599-34600, 34605-34606 in April 1910; 34619-34624, 34685-34689, 34706-34707, 34736, 34737-34738 in May; 34757-34760, 34811-34812, 34850-34855, 34868-34869 in June; 34913-34916 in July

50 engines built with Emerson fire-tube heaters (170 small tubes with 2,094 sq ft and 24 flues adding 722 sq ft of EHS holding 670 sq ft of superheater elements). Although delivered with 69" drivers, most received 74" drivers soon after they entered service. the big rebuilding occurred during the 1920s; see Locobase 1185.


Class S-2A (Locobase 1185)

Data as shown in the locomotive diagram published on Vernon Beck's website -- http://home.earthlink.net/~vnlbeck/S/s2t.tif (accessed 22 March 2003) and CB&Q 3 - 1953 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

When the Burlington rebuilt the S-2s described in Locobase 9384, they overhauled the entire heating system. They kept the 12" (305 mm) piston valves, but moved the valve gear outside. The original superheaters were replaced by a 30-flue Schmidt installation, and the shops installed feedwater heaters as well. Firebox heating surface included 33.2 sq ft of arch tubes.

As in the S-1As, three different cylinder diameters (23", 24", and 25") were fitted as well.

This class was retired beginning in 1933, the last leaving in 1955.


Class S-3 (Locobase 1186)

Data from the locomotive diagram published on Vernon Beck's website -- http://home.earthlink.net/~vnlbeck/S/s3lo.tif (accessed 22 March 2003), as amended by the CB&Q 3 locomotive diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Corbin & Kerka (1960, p 104 and 218). See also DeGolyer, Vol 51, pp. 91+ and Vol 56, p. 1+. Works numbers were

1915

June 42150-42161, 42171-42173

1918

April 48261-48262; May 48570-48571, 48674, 48731; June 48886-48887, 49071, 49075

25 engines built in batches by Baldwin (15 in 1915, 10 in 1918). They represented a revamped Pacific design with a new shorter boiler, combustion chamber, and brick arch. The combustion chamber contributed 62.4 sq ft (5.8 sq m) and the four arch tubes added 32.6 sq ft (3 sq m) to the firebox heating surface. Steam admission came through 14" (356 mm) piston valves.

Other improvements were lighter, heat-treated steel alloy reciprocating parts, hollow-bore piston rods and crank pins, and the Laird suspended crosshead, Ragonnet power reverser, and eventually a Worthington or Elesco feedwater heater. As with other designs, this class was fitted with cylinders of three different diameters - 25" (40,200 lb tractive effort), 26" (43,400 lb), and 27" as shown in the specs.

The last five fleshed out rosters on the Fort Worth & Denver (two oil burners; Locobase 9854) and the Colorado & Southern (three 69"-driver engines with a 45,300 lb tractive effort; see Locobase 6758). The C & S also procured 3 of this class from the Burlington in July 1919.

Retirements began in 1951 and ended in 1958.

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassF-3-AF-3-BF-3-CS-1 - StephensonS-1 - Walschaert
Locobase ID6757 9385 6758 156 13506
RailroadColorado & Southern (CB&Q)Colorado & Southern (CB&Q)Colorado & Southern (CB&Q)Chicago, Burlington & Quincy (CB&Q)Chicago, Burlington & Quincy (CB&Q)
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-6-24-6-24-6-24-6-24-6-2
Number in Class5334525
Road Numbers350-354370-372373-3752800-28442845-2869
GaugeStdStdStdStdStd
Number Built334525
BuilderBaldwinBaldwinBaldwinSeveralBurnham, Williams & Co
Year19221918192219061909
Valve GearWalschaertWalschaertWalschaertStephensonWalschaert
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase13'13'13'12.83'12.83'
Engine Wheelbase32.75'33.71'33.71'32.75'32.75'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.40 0.39 0.39 0.39 0.39
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)67.77'73.12'71.52'64.27'64.27'
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)52700 lbs58600 lbs60140 lbs52000 lbs
Weight on Drivers160300 lbs178500 lbs185630 lbs151290 lbs153000 lbs
Engine Weight243300 lbs276400 lbs301070 lbs230940 lbs230000 lbs
Tender Light Weight169100 lbs187500 lbs207080 lbs151060 lbs160000 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight412400 lbs463900 lbs508150 lbs382000 lbs390000 lbs
Tender Water Capacity8200 gals10000 gals10000 gals8000 gals8200 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)13 tons13 tons19 tons16 tons13 tons
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)89 lb/yard99 lb/yard103 lb/yard84 lb/yard85 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter69"74"69"74"74"
Boiler Pressure200 psi200 psi200 psi210 psi200 psi
Cylinders (dia x stroke)25" x 28"27" x 28"27" x 28"22" x 28"22" x 28"
Tractive Effort43116 lbs46892 lbs50290 lbs32690 lbs31133 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 3.72 3.81 3.69 4.63 4.91
Heating Ability
Firebox Area231.40 sq. ft292 sq. ft328.70 sq. ft190 sq. ft194 sq. ft
Grate Area54.20 sq. ft58.70 sq. ft58.70 sq. ft54.23 sq. ft55 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface3102 sq. ft3364 sq. ft3400 sq. ft3933 sq. ft3804 sq. ft
Superheating Surface775 sq. ft751 sq. ft744 sq. ft
Combined Heating Surface3877 sq. ft4115 sq. ft4144 sq. ft3933 sq. ft3804 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume195.00181.30183.24319.26308.79
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation1084011740117401138811000
Same as above plus superheater percentage1300813853138531138811000
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area5553668912775733990038800
Power L1162421539814552102669559
Power MT670.13570.53518.48448.79413.21

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassS-1AS-2S-2AS-3
Locobase ID5473 9384 1185 1186
RailroadChicago, Burlington & Quincy (CB&Q)Chicago, Burlington & Quincy (CB&Q)Chicago, Burlington & Quincy (CB&Q)Chicago, Burlington & Quincy (CB&Q)
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-6-24-6-24-6-24-6-2
Number in Class56505030
Road Numbers2800-28692900-29492900-29492950-2974
GaugeStdStdStdStd
Number Built5030
BuilderSeveralBaldwinCB&QBaldwin
Year1924191019241915
Valve GearvariousWalschaertWalschaertWalschaert
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase12.83'12.83'12.83'13'
Engine Wheelbase32.75'32.75'32.75'33.70'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.39 0.39 0.39 0.39
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)65.27'65.27'65.27'66.79'
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)52000 lbs52700 lbs52700 lbs
Weight on Drivers156480 lbs153100 lbs153100 lbs189300 lbs
Engine Weight269190 lbs236100 lbs236100 lbs278600 lbs
Tender Light Weight156000 lbs160300 lbs160300 lbs163540 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight425190 lbs396400 lbs396400 lbs442140 lbs
Tender Water Capacity8000 gals8200 gals8200 gals8200 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)13 tons13 tons13 tons13 tons
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)87 lb/yard85 lb/yard85 lb/yard105 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter74"69"74"74"
Boiler Pressure200 psi200 psi200 psi200 psi
Cylinders (dia x stroke)25" x 28"25" x 28"25" x 28"27" x 28"
Tractive Effort40203 lbs43116 lbs40203 lbs46892 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 3.89 3.55 3.81 4.04
Heating Ability
Firebox Area233 sq. ft227.20 sq. ft227.20 sq. ft302.80 sq. ft
Grate Area54.23 sq. ft54.20 sq. ft54.20 sq. ft58.70 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface3143 sq. ft3043 sq. ft3089 sq. ft3469 sq. ft
Superheating Surface730 sq. ft670 sq. ft757 sq. ft797 sq. ft
Combined Heating Surface3873 sq. ft3713 sq. ft3846 sq. ft4266 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume197.57191.29194.18186.96
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation10846108401084011740
Same as above plus superheater percentage12907127911300813971
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area55454536195452872066
Power L116867147601711516160
Power MT712.91637.63739.36564.61

Photos

Colorado & Southern

Reference


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