Carter-Kelley Lumber Company 2-6-2 "Prairie" Locomotives of the USA

Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 22 (Locobase 14058)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University, Volume 45, p. 56 . See also W T Block, "Lumber Town of Manning Once Prospered," Beaumont Enterprise (7 April 2004), p. A10. Works number was 40958 in December 1913.

According to Block, Kelley was "a unique person. He grew up in MilwaukeeÆs E. P. Allis Co., a sawmill manufacturer, and he was the best sawmill machinist ever to reach Texas. He held patents on the steam log turner and steam log kicker, and in 1897 the Allis Company sent him to East Texas to sell and install sawmills." He equipped Manning's mills with Allis equipment including a band saw that could cut 90,000 feet daily until the mill burned down on 25 March 1916. That seems to have been the excuse for Kelley to bring in a double bandsaw headrig and an Allis gang saw, a powerhouse that was one of the largest in East Texas, and several other buildings.

Although this logging Prairie was ordered by the Laurel River Railroad, it was sold before delivery to Carter-Kelley of Manning, Texas. The engine was designed to negotiate 35 degrees (164 ft/50 metre radius) and scale 2% gradients on 56-60 lb/yard (28-30-kg/metre) rails. Carter-Kelley ran it on the 14-mile tram road to Huntington.

By 1920, Manning's population had grown to 1,500, but the timber came in ever diminishing amounts. Carter died in 1921 and Kelley sold out to Carter's son in 1926. The mill burned down in 1936 and no one cared to rebuild. In 1937, the 22 was sold to the W T Carter & Brother Lumber Company. The Grigbsy Foundation leased the 4 in 1984 to Arkansas' Reader Railroad where it was stored until it was operated by the Dardanelle & Russellville and finally by the Reader.

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Locobase ID14058
RailroadCarter-Kelley Lumber Company
Number in Class1
Road Numbers22
Number Built1
Valve GearStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase 9.17'
Engine Wheelbase24.67'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.37
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)47.37'
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)
Weight on Drivers82150 lbs
Engine Weight111350 lbs
Tender Light Weight60000 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight171350 lbs
Tender Water Capacity3000 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)6 tons
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)46 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter44"
Boiler Pressure180 psi
Cylinders (dia x stroke)16" x 24"
Tractive Effort21364 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 3.85
Heating Ability
Firebox Area112 sq. ft
Grate Area16 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface1594 sq. ft
Superheating Surface
Combined Heating Surface1594 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume285.40
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation2880
Same as above plus superheater percentage2880
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area20160
Power L15091
Power MT409.87

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