The C&SLC's operation in western Louisiana included the Red River & Gulf Railroad and several logging roads. This small wood-burning logging Prairie was fitted with a Rushton cabbage stack, which was a then-new Baldwin reformulation of their Radley & Hunter spark-arresting stack. The specs included a note that the "back bumper of engine to be strongly reinforced", a requirement that stemmed from the single-bar bumper used in earlier Baldwins had bent when the engine was jacked up by the rear.
Everett Leuck says his 20 years of research on the Crowell railroads showed him that the original statement ( "Sold to Red River & Gulf, the C&SL's 50-mile common-carrier line, the 200 wound up serving on the company's Meridian Lumber rails for decades") was completely wrong (" It was never sold to the RR&G (that is a Lucius Beebe fable) and never worked for Meridian.").
Leuck summarizes the 200's career as follows: "The engine was purchased in 1920 for the Crowell and Spencer logging camp and operation at Hutton, LA. It worked at Hutton until the operation was abandoned in 1944 when it was brought to Long Leaf and stored. It was cut up at Long Leaf in 1955."
Locobase wonders if this wood-burning logging Prairie wasn't slippery. Its relatively low factor of adhesion on the light 45 and 60 lb/yard (22.5 and 30 kg/metre) rail wouldn't seem to handle the relatively high powered engine on the 7 1/2 miles between Louisiana Junction and Cocodrie. Like many loggers, 303 was delivered with two grate sets, one for wood burning, one for coal. When fitted out as a wood burner, the engine carried 3 1/2 cords of wood.
The C&S had seven miles of trackage rights on the Red River & Gulf, which it owned. As the Supreme Court characterized the relationship between the railroad and the lumber company in its Tap Lines Case opinion of 1914: "The two companies are, and have been from their inception, identical in interest, and they have the same officers." All of the locomotives were lettered and numbered for Crowell & Spencer
Lueck's account of the 303's career greatly expands upon and corrects the short description originally entered here. He reports: "303 was bought for the Crowell and Spencer expansion south of Long Leaf, to Pine Prairie in 1916. For a time it actually worked both as a woods engine, and was maintained in ICC service and used on the RR&G [Red River & Gulf] (I have the roundhouse records). The Crowell plan had been for that extension to be part of the RR&G but it never got transferred." So Locobase's hunch that this engine was intended for more than logging-road service appears to have been correct.
Leuck continues: "In 1920, the engine was transferred to the Alexandria Lumber Co. at Alco, LA (another Crowell company) as #5. In 1928, the Crowell's bought out their partners in ALCO, and transferred it to Meridian Lumber Co (another Crowell Co.) The engine was renumbered back to #303 (not 203 as that is an error and I have pictures to prove it) and used at Alco, until that operation closed at the end of 1944."
Leuck finds the history of the 303's last years somewhat elusive. "It was used to dismantle the mill and town there, and then was either stored at Long Leaf and scrapped in 1954 (the most likely possibility) or scrapped at Alco in 1945 (a more remote possibility)."
|Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media|
|Railroad||Crowell & Spencer Lumber Company||Crowell & Spencer Lumber Company|
|Number in Class||1||1|
|Locomotive Length and Weight|
|Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase||0.39||0.37|
|Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)||45.56'||48.54'|
|Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)|
|Weight on Drivers||71000 lbs||82000 lbs|
|Engine Weight||92000 lbs||110000 lbs|
|Tender Light Weight||80000 lbs||80000 lbs|
|Total Engine and Tender Weight||172000 lbs||190000 lbs|
|Tender Water Capacity||4000 gals||4000 gals|
|Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)|
|Minimum weight of rail (calculated)||39 lb/yard||46 lb/yard|
|Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort|
|Boiler Pressure||180 psi||200 psi|
|Cylinders (dia x stroke)||15" x 24"||16" x 24"|
|Tractive Effort||18777 lbs||22706 lbs|
|Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort)||3.78||3.61|
|Firebox Area||86 sq. ft||112 sq. ft|
|Grate Area||14.10 sq. ft||16 sq. ft|
|Evaporative Heating Surface||1074 sq. ft||1594 sq. ft|
|Combined Heating Surface||1074 sq. ft||1594 sq. ft|
|Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume||218.79||285.40|
|Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)|
|Robert LeMassena's Power Computation||2538||3200|
|Same as above plus superheater percentage||2538||3200|
|Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area||15480||22400|