Birmingham, Columbus & St Andrews 4-6-0 "Ten-wheeler" Locomotives of the USA

Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 55 (Locobase 14112)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works datacard as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University, Volume 47, p. 266. Works number was 39763 in May 1913.

A small Florida shortline chartered in 1903 to link Chipley, Fla with Birmingham, Ala, some 200 miles away. Alas for expectations, the BC&SA only rached Tiller, which was 19 miles away. The BC&SA also had trackage rights from Tiller to Southport. It entered receivership on 24 December 1908 (Merry Christmas) and it was the receivers who placed the order with Baldwin for this wood-burning Ten-wheeler. The design clearly reflects the reduced ambitions of this little road.

After a reorganization completed 26 September 1926, the railroad emerged as the Alabama & Western Florida and operated until abandonment in September 1939.

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Locobase ID14112
RailroadBirmingham, Columbus & St Andrews
Number in Class1
Road Numbers55
Number Built1
Valve GearWalschaert
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase13.83'
Engine Wheelbase24.06'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.57
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)49.77'
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)
Weight on Drivers84000 lbs
Engine Weight112000 lbs
Tender Light Weight80000 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight192000 lbs
Tender Water Capacity4000 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)47 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter56"
Boiler Pressure170 psi
Cylinders (dia x stroke)18" x 24"
Tractive Effort20065 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.19
Heating Ability
Firebox Area132 sq. ft
Grate Area16.60 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface1596 sq. ft
Superheating Surface
Combined Heating Surface1596 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume225.79
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation2822
Same as above plus superheater percentage2822
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area22440
Power L15064
Power MT398.72

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