Burlington & Missouri River / Chicago, Burlington & Northern / Chicago, Burlington & Quincy / Colorado & Southern / Keokuk & Western 4-6-0 "Ten-wheeler" Locomotives of the USA


Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 59 (Locobase 5567)

Data from a May 1, 1858 table prepared by CG Hammond, General Superintendent of the CB&Q shown in Corbin & Kerka (1960), pp 254-255.

The boiler pressure is estimated. The grate area, firebox heating surface, and total heating surface are calculated. See Locobase 5552 for full explanation. While the dimensions are not derived from actual measurement, they agree with those of similar American locomotives of the era.

Coal-burning Tenwheelers from a little-known Michigan builder. The boiler's measured at 17' even.


Class B / K-3 (Locobase 5467)

Data from a locomotive diagram published on Vernon Beck's website -- http://home.earthlink.net/~vnlbeck/K/k3.tif (accessed 22 March 2003). An early Tenwheeler design with a very narrow and small firebox, very long wheelbase, dome over the firebox, sharply coned boiler. Some had 69" drivers. Builder's numbers from this small manufacturer ranged from 1710-1724.

Originally went into service with the CB&N as the B class, 150-165, rostered with the Burlington in 1899. All were retired by 1912 except for 690, which continued on until December 1922.


Class C-3-E (Locobase 7686)

Data from C & S 6 -1941 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

These newly minted Ten-wheelers for the C & S were big and powerful 4-6-0s for the time. They had large boilers that were pressed to a relatively high degree and a high adhesive weight. The deep firebox had a small grate at the bottom that probably was the limiting component in steam production. They seemed to have filled the bill as freight haulers working in the mountains, however, if longevity is a guide. Almost 50 years later, they still were not superheated.


Class C-3-H (Locobase 6755)

Data from C & S 7 -1939 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

The date at the top of the specs (1919) is the date this class was superheated, fitted with outside-admission 11" (279 mm) piston valves, and Walschaert valve gear. The original dates of delivery were 323-326 from Schenectady in February (25326) and April of 1903 (27314-27316) and 327-329 from Brooks (works #40235-40236) in June 1906; the latter accompanied a six-locomotive batch supplied to the Fort Worth & Denver city; see Locobase 9651 for specifications of the original saturated-boiler design that applied to all eight locomotives..

Retirements for this handy passenger class began in 1935 and were concluded by 1945.


Class C-3-H1 (Locobase 6756)

Data from C & S 7 -1939 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

Like the C-3-H entry (Locobase 6755), the two Baldwin C-3-HIs were superheated, fitted with outside-admission 11" piston valves, and Walschaert valve gear.

Although the two C-3-H classes were essentially identical, the Baldwins somehow escaped scrapping until 1950.


Class C-3HI (Locobase 14104)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University, Volume 29, p. 280. Works numbers were 31153 in June 1907 and 31195 in July.

This duo was similar to the Alcos described in Locobase 6755, but were heavier. Late in the 'teens, the C&S superheated these two Ten-wheelers; see Locobase 6756.


Class Daylight (Locobase 5572)

Data from a May 1, 1858 table prepared by CG Hammond, General Superintendent of the CB&Q shown in Corbin & Kerka (1960), pp 254-255.

The boiler pressure is estimated. The grate area, firebox heating surface, and total heating surface are calculated. See Locobase 5552 for full explanation. While the dimensions are not derived from actual measurement, they agree with those of similar American locomotives of the era.

One of three New Jersey engines, this inside-connected, wood-burning TenWheeler had the shorter boiler by over a foot -- 18' 8" -- compared to the two 4-4-0s from the same builder. On the other hand, the firetubes were the same length and the boiler held a few more.


Class K-1 (Locobase 7693)

Data from CB& 3 - 1953 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Also Data from a locomotive diagram published on Vernon Beck's website -- http://home.earthlink.net/~vnlbeck/K/k1.tif (accessed 22 March 2003). Corbin & Kerka (1960, pp 264-65) show that Baldwin (works # 11496-98, 11503, 11506, 11514-15, 11527) delivered the first 8, Rogers 4662-4666, 4678-688, 4693-94, 4697, 4702) the remaining 20.

They were delivered to the B & MR on 62" drivers. Although the firebox rode above the driving axles, there still was a much greater gap between the last two driver sets (8 feet) than between the center and leading driving axles 5 1/2 feet). At least as shown in the diagram (a 1932 revision), the firebox did not include arch tubes.

Some time later, the class was subdivided into those with 64" drivers and those more freight-oriented engines riding on 56" drivers.

Twenty-four of these locomotives served into the 1930s, the last (607) retiring in November 1939.

Rogers followed this class with a slightly larger design on 64" drivers; see Locobase 7694.

They had 35-45 -year careers, many being retired in 1931, a few lasting well into the decade and the class leader retiring in November 1939.


Class K-10 (Locobase 5472)

For some reason, the Burlington took 19 of its H-4 Moguls and put a longer boiler over their motions. The firebox stayed the same and the heating surface still included 16.2 sq ft of arch tubes. A 4-wheel bogie replaced the single-axle Bissel to handle the higher weight forward and several were fitted with 69" drivers, but otherwise the locomotives remained essentially the same.

See data from a locomotive diagram published on Vernon Beck's website -- http://home.earthlink.net/~vnlbeck/K/K10.tif (accessed 22 March 2003). Corbin & Kerka (1960, , 266) show that most were rebuilt at Aurora in 1908-1909. Havelock rebuilt 5, 1 in 1908 the other 4 in October 1914.


Class K-2 (Locobase 7694)

Data from CB&Q 3 - 1953 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

Following the K-1s immediately after their delivery, the K-2s were just a little bigger. The first 25 also came from Rogers. Grant added 3 in 1893 while the Burlington's own Havelock supplied 6 (1895 & 1896) and West Burlington contributed 5 in 1896. As depicted in the 1953 diagram (probably reflecting the 1932 revision date shown in the table), the firebox heating surface included 16 sq ft of arch tubes. While the driver spacing matched the K-1s unevenness 5 1/2 feet between leading and center axles, 8 feet between center and rear axles), the firebox sloped down toward the front. Piston valve gear was inside Stephenson link motion. The center set of drivers was flangeless.

Apparently the design proved quite satisfactory as almost half had 50 year careers and most of the rest served at least 40 years.


Class K-4 (Locobase 2609)

Corbin & Kerka (1960, 78-80, 265-266) and data from a locomotive diagram published on Vernon Beck's website -- http://home.earthlink.net/~vnlbeck/K/k4.tif (accessed 22 March 2003).

B&MR-designed Ten-Wheelers for express service built in the company's Havelock shops from 1900 to 1904. In its heyday, the K-4 could put up a good performance. One 14-mile stretch was covered in 9 minutes in 1902 for an average speed of 96.8 mph.

The high ratio of firebox area to grate was helped by the Belpaire profile. It's not clear how many had 16.2 sq ft of arch tubes. 10" piston valves helped steam distribution in this class, which was never superheated.

Some later received 64" drivers and went into local and branch-line service. The class gradually retired from service from 1931 to 1953.


Class K-4B (Locobase 5450)

Data from a locomotive diagram published on Vernon Beck's website -- http://home.earthlink.net/~vnlbeck/K/k47201.tif (accessed 22 March 2003).

Based on the entry in Corbin & Kerka (1960, p 266), this appears to be a single K-4 (Locobase 2609) rebuilt to this standard. The principal difference appears to have been deletion of the arch tubes.


Class K-5 (Locobase 5468)

The last of the Burlington & Missouri River-designed Ten-Wheelers for passenger service and built in their Havelock Shops in 1904-05. Some had 10" piston valves, others had slide valves. Some burned coal, others lignite.

These were the biggest on the line, but were soon overtaken by the Pacifics. Their retirements came early -- 1929-1930.

Data from a locomotive diagram published on Vernon Beck's website -- http://home.earthlink.net/~vnlbeck/K/k5.tif (accessed 22 March 2003) and Corbin & Kerka (1960, pp. 81, 266)


Class K-6 (Locobase 5469)

Data from a locomotive diagram published on Vernon Beck's website -- http://home.earthlink.net/~vnlbeck/K/k6.tif (accessed 22 March 2003); the CB&Q diagram does not show the heating surface totals.

Originally built for the Keokuk & Western, these came into the Burlington when the K & W was acquired.. The driving axles are closely spaced and there's not a lot of weight on them -- these must have been slippery starters.


Class Lion (Locobase 5563)

Data from a May 1, 1858 table prepared by CG Hammond, General Superintendent of the CB&Q shown in Corbin & Kerka (1960), pp 254-255.

The boiler pressure is estimated. The grate area, firebox heating surface, and total heating surface are calculated. See Locobase 5552 for full explanation. While the dimensions are not derived from actual measurement, they agree with those of similar American 4-4-0s of the era.

These wood-burning Tenwheelers were relatively undersized as such engines go, but more of the engine's weight was put on the drivers. Moreover, the low drivers meant greater tractive effort. The boiler was surprisingly short at 17' 1". The engines in this beastly class were Tiger, Samson, Brown Bear, White Bear, and Black Bear.


Class Titan (Locobase 5566)

Data from a May 1, 1858 table prepared by CG Hammond, General Superintendent of the CB&Q shown in Corbin & Kerka (1960), pp 254-255.

The boiler pressure is estimated. The grate area, firebox heating surface, and total heating surface are calculated. See Locobase 5552 for full explanation. While the dimensions are not derived from actual measurement, they agree with those of similar American locomotives of the era.

This appears to be the prototype for the Lion class of Tenwheelers. The boiler's a little short at 16' 10" and the tubes aren't remarkably long. But the axle loading decreased.

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Class59B / K-3C-3-EC-3-HC-3-H1
Locobase ID5567 5467 7686 6755 6756
RailroadChicago, Burlington & Quincy (CB&Q)Chicago, Burlington & Northern (CB&Q)Colorado & Southern (CB&Q)Colorado & Southern (CB&Q)Colorado & Southern (CB&Q)
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-6-04-6-04-6-04-6-04-6-0
Number in Class2151072
Road Numbers59-60150-164 / 676-690309-318323-329330-331
GaugeStdStdStdStdStd
Number Built215102
BuilderDetroit Locomotive WorksHinkleyRhode IslandC&SC&S
Year18551887189019191919
Valve GearStephensonStephensonWalschaertWalschaert
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft)15.5013.421515
Engine Wheelbase (ft)26.0823.7926.1726.17
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.59 0.56 0.57 0.57
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft)48.3352.4655.3359.67
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs)
Weight on Drivers (lbs)90,200107,600146,380145,250
Engine Weight (lbs)56,000117,200135,000186,380187,450
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs)56,00093,333119,000142,000
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs)173,200228,333305,380329,450
Tender Water Capacity (gals)4800400060008000
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons)8111010
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd)50608181
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in)4664626767
Boiler Pressure (psi)100160180210210
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in)16" x 20"19" x 24"20" x 24"20" x 28"20" x 28"
Tractive Effort (lbs)946118,41123,69029,83929,839
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.90 4.54 4.91 4.87
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft)56.42135.50180200.70192
Grate Area (sq ft)12.7819.1024.7032.6532.65
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft)8431717198722262101
Superheating Surface (sq ft)458458
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft)8431717198726842559
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume181.13218.01227.69218.64206.36
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation12783056444668576857
Same as above plus superheater percentage12783056444680228091
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area564221,68032,40049,31247,578
Power L118535189615316,93316,545
Power MT380.48378.21765.08753.37

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassC-3HIDaylightK-1K-10K-2
Locobase ID14,104 5572 7693 5472 7694
RailroadColorado & Southern (CB&Q)Chicago, Burlington & Quincy (CB&Q)Burlington & Missouri River (CB&Q)Chicago, Burlington & Quincy (CB&Q)Burlington & Missouri River (CB&Q)
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-6-04-6-04-6-04-6-04-6-0
Number in Class21281940
Road Numbers330-331276-295 / 600-627950-968302-329 / 630-669
GaugeStdStdStdStdStd
Number Built212840
BuilderBurnham, Williams & CoNew Jersey LocomotiveseveralCB&Qseveral
Year19071854189219081892
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft)1513.5015.1713.50
Engine Wheelbase (ft)26.1724.6226.4224.62
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.57 0.55 0.57 0.55
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft)49.0651.5049.48
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs)33,70041,70033,700
Weight on Drivers (lbs)138,50092,900121,700100,750
Engine Weight (lbs)179,50056,000121,400161,000124,550
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs)142,00094,70094,70094,700
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs)321,500216,100255,700219,250
Tender Water Capacity (gals)8000500050005000
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons)10999
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd)77526856
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in)6946626964
Boiler Pressure (psi)200100160200180
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in)21" x 28"16" x 20"19" x 24"19" x 26"19" x 24"
Tractive Effort (lbs)30,423946119,00523,12520,712
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.55 4.89 5.26 4.86
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft)194.5063.52143.20162.40158.80
Grate Area (sq ft)32.6013.6131.503031.50
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft)2465915185025311892
Superheating Surface (sq ft)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft)2465915185025311892
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume219.61196.60234.90296.64240.23
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation65201361504060005670
Same as above plus superheater percentage65201361504060005670
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area38,900635222,91232,48028,584
Power L170442030538790126548
Power MT336.38383.52489.76429.85

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassK-4K-4BK-5K-6Lion
Locobase ID2609 5450 5468 5469 5563
RailroadBurlington & Missouri River (CB&Q)Chicago, Burlington & Quincy (CB&Q)Burlington & Missouri River (CB&Q)Keokuk & Western (CB&Q)Chicago, Burlington & Quincy (CB&Q)
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-6-04-6-04-6-04-6-04-6-0
Number in Class241836
Road Numbers700-723720800-807900-902
GaugeStdStdStdStdStd
Number Built24836
BuilderCB & QCB & QCB & QRogersAmoskeag
Year19001900190418971855
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft)14.2714.2715.1710.50
Engine Wheelbase (ft)25.7725.7726.4220.58
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.55 0.55 0.57 0.51
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft)52.4852.4855.32
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs)41,80049,90023,550
Weight on Drivers (lbs)121,400121,400141,70066,050
Engine Weight (lbs)156,600156,600175,00090,70056,000
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs)147,00094,700125,50082,270
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs)303,600251,300300,500172,970
Tender Water Capacity (gals)5000500070003700
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons)999 6.50
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd)67677937
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in)7264695646
Boiler Pressure (psi)200200210170100
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in)19" x 26"19" x 26"19" x 26"18" x 24"16" x 20"
Tractive Effort (lbs)22,16124,93224,28120,0659461
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 5.48 4.87 5.84 3.29
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft)172.30146.20151.4055.50
Grate Area (sq ft)303043.4018.8012.33
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft)239424302837853
Superheating Surface (sq ft)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft)239424302837853
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume280.59284.81332.51183.27
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation60006000911431961233
Same as above plus superheater percentage60006000911431961233
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area34,46029,24031,7945550
Power L19157790410,1731862
Power MT498.87430.61474.83

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassTitan
Locobase ID5566
RailroadChicago, Burlington & Quincy (CB&Q)
CountryUSA
Whyte4-6-0
Number in Class1
Road Numbers
GaugeStd
Number Built1
BuilderAmoskeag
Year1854
Valve Gear
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft)
Engine Wheelbase (ft)
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft)
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs)
Weight on Drivers (lbs)
Engine Weight (lbs)54,000
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs)
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs)
Tender Water Capacity (gals)
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons)
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd)
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in)46
Boiler Pressure (psi)100
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in)16" x 20"
Tractive Effort (lbs)9461
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort)
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft)54.62
Grate Area (sq ft)12.14
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft)934
Superheating Surface (sq ft)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft)934
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume200.68
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation1214
Same as above plus superheater percentage1214
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area5462
Power L11988
Power MT

Photos

Reference


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