Chicago & Eastern Illinois / Chicago & Indiana Coal / Evansville & Terre Haute 4-6-0 "Ten-wheeler" Locomotives of the USA


Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 15 (Locobase 11842)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University, Vol 13, p.4. Works numbers were 7843, 7848 in March 1886.

Bought at the end of a production run of narrow-firebox Ten-wheelers (Locobase 7139), this pair had wide Wootten fireboxes to burn "slack coal". A note pointed out that the "Dimensions of boiler and fire box as approved by J E Wootten.". Among the key features were the huge grate, a combustion chamber (46 sq ft/4.25 sq m), a 5/16" (7.9 mm) air space around the fire box.

Fire box design was "P & R style. Water tubes with intermediate cast iron bars. Paved with fire brick 36" [914 mm] back from throat sheet, 2 courses to break joint, Bricks 36" x 10" x 3" [914 x 254 x 76 mm]."


Class 215 rebuilt/609 (Locobase 7140)

Data from the C&EI 6 - 1904 Locomotive Diagram book and C&EI 10 - 1912 Locomotive Data book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

These Ten-wheelers had Wooten (sic) [Wootten] fireboxes when Baldwin delivered them in 1886; see Locobase 11842.

They were substantially rebuilt as shown in this entry with new boilers and more conventional fireboxes.


Class 9/209/600 (Locobase 7139)

Data from the C&EI 6 - 1904 Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection and Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University, Vol 13, p. 1. Works numbers were 7799-7801, 7807, 7818, 7821 in February 1886.

These Ten-wheelers were relatively light and small representatives of the wheel arrangement. The firebox nestled down between the second and third driving axles, creating unequal driver spacing in the profile. As with most other contemporary locomotives, the steam dome rode over the firebox on the fat part of the boiler.

213-214 were sold before the C & IC was merged to form the Chicago & Eastern Illinois. 214 wound up with the Savannah River Lumber Company in July 1907.


Class G-3 (Locobase 7133)

Data from the C&EI 6 - 1904 Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Works numbers were 2114-2118 in June 1900 and Alco-Pittsburgh 25427 in June 1902.

Compared to the C&EI's earlier passenger engines, this class of Ten-wheelers represented a major increase in the potential for fast working. For short, light trains, the boiler owned enough heating surface and the firebox was relatively generous in direct heating surface.

158 was delivered as a cross compound in 1902; it had one 22 1/2" (572 mm) HP and one 35" (889 mm) LP cylinder, each having a stroke of 30". Apparently the sample engine failed to impress because it was converted to simple-expansion working in June 1904.


Class G-4 (Locobase 5356)

Data from table in June 1907 AERJ. Works numbers were 25015 in January 1905 and 25108 in February.

These were balanced compounds with a high LP/HP ratio. Given their relatively low drivers, the overmatched HP cylinders must have limited the speed and steam-supply rates available to the engineer. They hung on until 1934.


Class G-5 (Locobase 7162)

Data from the C&EI 6 - 1904 Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.


Class G-6 (Locobase 7134)

Data from the C&EI 6 - 1904 Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Works numbers were 26549-26553 in December 1902.

The C& EI flirted with cross-compounding for a couple of years, but soon discarded the notional savings in favor of a better-understood and less demanding simple-expansion layout. See Locobase 15913 for the result.


Class G-6-simpled (Locobase 15913)

Data from the C&EI 11 - 1911 Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Works numbers were 26549-26553 in December 1902.

Originally delivered as cross-compounds in 1902 (Locobase 7134), these Ten-wheelers were simpled in 1907-1908. Nothing else changed in the locomotive, which used 21" x 30" cylinders that were bushed to 20".

624-625 were scrapped in December 1920 and 621-623 in September 1924.


Class G-7 (Locobase 7143)

Data from the C&EI 6 - 1904 Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Works numbers were 29046-29059 in January 1904.

These Ten-wheelers are slightly smaller repeats of the 4-6-0s of a year earlier (Locobase 7134). They were taken into the Chicago & Eastern Illinois when the C&IC merged.

638-639 were scrapped in December 1920, eleven were sent to the scrapyard in April 1930, but 626 survived until December 1936.


Class G-7 - superheated (Locobase 7170)

Data from the C&EI 5 - 1949 Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

Sometimes railroads took the easy route in superheating their saturated-steam stud: They swapped out some of the small tubes in favor of a few large flues and left everything else as is. Other times, as in this particular engine, the mechanics took the opportunity to tweak and juice up the design. This too could reach one of several levels of makeover. In the case of 626, the valve gear was updated, but the C&EI chose the Southern over the more usual Walschaert. Cylinder diameter grew by an inch and driver diameter increased by 5" (127 mm) to a very handy 68". Weight grew as well and the tender held more coal and water.

Locobase doesn't know if this re-do extended to all members of the class, nor can he say for sure how long the rebuilt locomotives served.


Class T-23/G-1 (Locobase 7161)

Data from the C&EI diagrams in Chicago & Eastern Illinois - Stanley Combined with Rosters Fit View v6PDF supplied in August 2013 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. See also DeGolyer, Volume 18, p. 216. Works numbers were 13505, 13509, 13553 in June 1893 and 13569, 13582 in July.

Compared to earlier E&TH Ten-wheelers, this quintet was quite a bit bigger. Baldwin's spec sheet estimated adhesion weight at 100,000 lb and working order weight at 125,000 lb.

The class was renumbered 520-524 in 1904. The E&TH was taken under the umbrella of the Chicago & Eastern Illinois in 1911, at which point the class received the 604-608 road numbers. The diagram showing this class showed a boiler with the same number of tubes, but a tube heating surface area of 1,733 sq ft (161 sq m), equivalent to 249 tubes of the same length, and a firebox area of 175 sq ft (16.26 sq m) although the dimensions were unchanged. Moreover, boiler pressure was dropped 20 psi to 155 psi (10.69 bar) and driver diameter now measured 55" (1,397 mm).

607 was retired in May 1916 and broken up by the C&EI, 604-606 were sold for scrap in December 1917. 608 held out for three more years before being retired in December 1920.

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Class15215 rebuilt/6099/209/600G-3G-4
Locobase ID11842 7140 7139 7133 5356
RailroadChicago & Indiana Coal (C&EI)Chicago & Indiana Coal (C&EI)Chicago & Indiana Coal (C&EI)Chicago & Eastern Illinois (C&EI)Chicago & Eastern Illinois (C&EI)
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-6-04-6-04-6-04-6-04-6-0
Number in Class22662
Road Numbers15-16/215-216215-216/609-6109-14/209-214/600-603153-158/611-615289-290/617-618
GaugeStdStdStdStdStd
Number Built2662
BuilderBurnham, Parry, Williams & CoC&ICBurnham, Parry, Williams & CoPittsburghBurnham, Williams & Co
Year1886188619001905
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase10.67'10.67'13.83'14.50'13.50'
Engine Wheelbase20.82'20.83'24'25.58'27.58'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.51 0.51 0.58 0.57 0.49
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)46.25'46.42'46.79'54.96'55.67'
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)
Weight on Drivers70000 lbs70000 lbs68000 lbs127000 lbs145260 lbs
Engine Weight92000 lbs92000 lbs92000 lbs165000 lbs191060 lbs
Tender Light Weight77500 lbs62000 lbs126000 lbs120000 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight169500 lbs154000 lbs291000 lbs311060 lbs
Tender Water Capacity2600 gals4000 gals2625 gals6000 gals6000 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)8 tons tons tons12 tons
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)39 lb/yard39 lb/yard38 lb/yard71 lb/yard81 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter56"56"56"78"62"
Boiler Pressure130 psi145 psi140 psi200 psi225 psi
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke)18" x 24"18" x 24"18" x 24"20" x 26"15.5" x 26"
Low Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke)26" x 26" (2)
Tractive Effort15344 lbs17114 lbs16524 lbs22667 lbs28432 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.56 4.09 4.12 5.60 5.11
Heating Ability
Firebox Area140 sq. ft130.90 sq. ft120 sq. ft208.50 sq. ft160.70 sq. ft
Grate Area69.50 sq. ft28.84 sq. ft16.40 sq. ft35.80 sq. ft46.69 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface1018 sq. ft1381 sq. ft1183 sq. ft2412 sq. ft3094 sq. ft
Superheating Surface
Combined Heating Surface1018 sq. ft1381 sq. ft1183 sq. ft2412 sq. ft3094 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume144.02195.37167.36255.13544.89
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation903541822296716010505
Same as above plus superheater percentage903541822296716010505
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area1820018981168004170036158
Power L129493897329695015672
Power MT278.63368.20320.58494.79258.25

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassG-5G-6G-6-simpledG-7G-7 - superheated
Locobase ID7162 7134 15913 7143 7170
RailroadEvansville & Terre Haute (C&EI)Chicago & Eastern Illinois (C&EI)Chicago & Eastern Illinois (C&EI)Chicago & Indiana Coal (C&EI)Chicago & Eastern Illinois (C&EI)
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-6-04-6-04-6-04-6-04-6-0
Number in Class255141
Road Numbers619-620159-163/621-625159-163/621-625275-288/626-639626
GaugeStdStdStdStdStd
Number Built2514
BuilderAlco-SchenectadyAlco-Rhode IslandAlco-Rhode IslandAlco-Schenectadyshops
Year19051902190719031930
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonStephensonSouthern
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase14.83'13'13'13'13'
Engine Wheelbase25.75'24.58'24.41'24.42'24.42'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.58 0.53 0.53 0.53 0.53
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)54.83'533.67'54.83'54.83'
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)
Weight on Drivers135000 lbs135000 lbs135000 lbs132600 lbs143200 lbs
Engine Weight180000 lbs170000 lbs170000 lbs174000 lbs192200 lbs
Tender Light Weight124000 lbs120000 lbs124500 lbs120000 lbs143300 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight304000 lbs290000 lbs294500 lbs294000 lbs335500 lbs
Tender Water Capacity6000 gals6000 gals6000 gals6000 gals7500 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)12 tons tons tons11 tons14 tons
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)75 lb/yard75 lb/yard75 lb/yard74 lb/yard80 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter63"63"63"63"68"
Boiler Pressure200 psi200 psi200 psi200 psi190 psi
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke)21" x 26"22" x 30"20" x 30"21" x 28"22" x 28"
Low Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke)35" x 30" (1)
Tractive Effort30940 lbs28085 lbs32381 lbs33320 lbs32186 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.36 4.81 4.17 3.98 4.45
Heating Ability
Firebox Area170 sq. ft148 sq. ft148 sq. ft148 sq. ft148 sq. ft
Grate Area47.60 sq. ft50.26 sq. ft50.15 sq. ft50.16 sq. ft50.16 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface2842 sq. ft2795 sq. ft2794 sq. ft2628 sq. ft1978 sq. ft
Superheating Surface474 sq. ft
Combined Heating Surface2842 sq. ft2795 sq. ft2794 sq. ft2628 sq. ft2452 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume272.67423.52256.14234.13160.56
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation95201005210030100329530
Same as above plus superheater percentage952010052100301003211341
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area3400029600296002960033463
Power L1743944446803630112208
Power MT364.45217.72333.29314.28563.84

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassT-23/G-1
Locobase ID7161
RailroadEvansville & Terre Haute (C & EI)
CountryUSA
Whyte4-6-0
Number in Class5
Road Numbers120-124/520-524/604-608
GaugeStd
Number Built5
BuilderBurnham, Williams & Co
Year1893
Valve GearStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase12.50'
Engine Wheelbase23.25'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.54
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)49.92'
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)
Weight on Drivers119100 lbs
Engine Weight138000 lbs
Tender Light Weight80000 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight218000 lbs
Tender Water Capacity4000 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)7 tons
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)66 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter51"
Boiler Pressure175 psi
Cylinders (dia x stroke)20" x 24"
Tractive Effort28000 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.25
Heating Ability
Firebox Area188.40 sq. ft
Grate Area28.50 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface1989 sq. ft
Superheating Surface
Combined Heating Surface1989 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume227.92
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation4988
Same as above plus superheater percentage4988
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area32970
Power L14996
Power MT277.44

Reference


If you have any railroad data such as diagram books, rail station plans or anything else that you would be willing to share, please contact us.