Chicago & Eastern Illinois / Chicago & Indiana Coal / Evansville & Terre Haute 4-6-0 "Ten-wheeler" Locomotives of the USA


Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 15 (Locobase 11842)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University, Vol 13, p.4. Works numbers were 7843, 7848 in March 1886.

Bought at the end of a production run of narrow-firebox Ten-wheelers (Locobase 7139), this pair had wide Wootten fireboxes to burn "slack coal". A note pointed out that the "Dimensions of boiler and fire box as approved by J E Wootten.". Among the key features were the huge grate, a combustion chamber (46 sq ft/4.25 sq m), a 5/16" (7.9 mm) air space around the fire box.

Fire box design was "P & R style. Water tubes with intermediate cast iron bars. Paved with fire brick 36" [914 mm] back from throat sheet, 2 courses to break joint, Bricks 36" x 10" x 3" [914 x 254 x 76 mm]."


Class 215 rebuilt/609 (Locobase 7140)

Data from the C&EI 6 - 1904 Locomotive Diagram book and C&EI 10 - 1912 Locomotive Data book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

These Ten-wheelers had Wooten (sic) [Wootten] fireboxes when Baldwin delivered them in 1886; see Locobase 11842.

They were substantially rebuilt as shown in this entry with new boilers and more conventional fireboxes.


Class 9/209/600 (Locobase 7139)

Data from the C&EI 6 - 1904 Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection and Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University, Vol 13, p. 1. Works numbers were 7799-7801, 7807, 7818, 7821 in February 1886.

These Ten-wheelers were relatively light and small representatives of the wheel arrangement. The firebox nestled down between the second and third driving axles, creating unequal driver spacing in the profile. As with most other contemporary locomotives, the steam dome rode over the firebox on the fat part of the boiler.

213-214 were sold before the C & IC was merged to form the Chicago & Eastern Illinois. 214 wound up with the Savannah River Lumber Company in July 1907.


Class G-3 (Locobase 7133)

Data from the C&EI 6 - 1904 Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Works numbers were 2114-2118 in June 1900 and Alco-Pittsburgh 25427 in June 1902.

Compared to the C&EI's earlier passenger engines, this class of Ten-wheelers represented a major increase in the potential for fast working. For short, light trains, the boiler owned enough heating surface and the firebox was relatively generous in direct heating surface.

158 was delivered as a cross compound in 1902; it had one 22 1/2" (572 mm) HP and one 35" (889 mm) LP cylinder, each having a stroke of 30". Apparently the sample engine failed to impress because it was converted to simple-expansion working in June 1904.


Class G-4 (Locobase 5356)

Data from table in June 1907 AERJ. Works numbers were 25015 in January 1905 and 25108 in February.

These were balanced compounds with a high LP/HP ratio. Given their relatively low drivers, the overmatched HP cylinders must have limited the speed and steam-supply rates available to the engineer. They hung on until 1934.


Class G-5 (Locobase 7162)

Data from the C&EI 6 - 1904 Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.


Class G-6 (Locobase 7134)

Data from the C&EI 6 - 1904 Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Works numbers were 26549-26553 in December 1902.

The C& EI flirted with cross-compounding for a couple of years, but soon discarded the notional savings in favor of a better-understood and less demanding simple-expansion layout. See Locobase 15913 for the result.


Class G-6-simpled (Locobase 15913)

Data from the C&EI 11 - 1911 Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Works numbers were 26549-26553 in December 1902.

Originally delivered as cross-compounds in 1902 (Locobase 7134), these Ten-wheelers were simpled in 1907-1908. Nothing else changed in the locomotive, which used 21" x 30" cylinders that were bushed to 20".

624-625 were scrapped in December 1920 and 621-623 in September 1924.


Class G-7 (Locobase 7143)

Data from the C&EI 6 - 1904 Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Works numbers were 29046-29059 in January 1904.

These Ten-wheelers are slightly smaller repeats of the 4-6-0s of a year earlier (Locobase 7134). They were taken into the Chicago & Eastern Illinois when the C&IC merged.

638-639 were scrapped in December 1920, eleven were sent to the scrapyard in April 1930, but 626 survived until December 1936.


Class G-7 - superheated (Locobase 7170)

Data from the C&EI 5 - 1949 Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

Sometimes railroads took the easy route in superheating their saturated-steam stud: They swapped out some of the small tubes in favor of a few large flues and left everything else as is. Other times, as in this particular engine, the mechanics took the opportunity to tweak and juice up the design. This too could reach one of several levels of makeover. In the case of 626, the valve gear was updated, but the C&EI chose the Southern over the more usual Walschaert. Cylinder diameter grew by an inch and driver diameter increased by 5" (127 mm) to a very handy 68". Weight grew as well and the tender held more coal and water.

Locobase doesn't know if this re-do extended to all members of the class, nor can he say for sure how long the rebuilt locomotives served.


Class T-23/G-1 (Locobase 7161)

Data from the C&EI diagrams in Chicago & Eastern Illinois - Stanley Combined with Rosters Fit View v6PDF supplied in August 2013 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. See also DeGolyer, Volume 18, p. 216. Works numbers were 13505, 13509, 13553 in June 1893 and 13569, 13582 in July.

Compared to earlier E&TH Ten-wheelers, this quintet was quite a bit bigger. Baldwin's spec sheet estimated adhesion weight at 100,000 lb and working order weight at 125,000 lb.

The class was renumbered 520-524 in 1904. The E&TH was taken under the umbrella of the Chicago & Eastern Illinois in 1911, at which point the class received the 604-608 road numbers. The diagram showing this class showed a boiler with the same number of tubes, but a tube heating surface area of 1,733 sq ft (161 sq m), equivalent to 249 tubes of the same length, and a firebox area of 175 sq ft (16.26 sq m) although the dimensions were unchanged. Moreover, boiler pressure was dropped 20 psi to 155 psi (10.69 bar) and driver diameter now measured 55" (1,397 mm).

607 was retired in May 1916 and broken up by the C&EI, 604-606 were sold for scrap in December 1917. 608 held out for three more years before being retired in December 1920.

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Class15215 rebuilt/6099/209/600G-3G-4
Locobase ID11,842 7140 7139 7133 5356
RailroadChicago & Indiana Coal (C&EI)Chicago & Indiana Coal (C&EI)Chicago & Indiana Coal (C&EI)Chicago & Eastern Illinois (C&EI)Chicago & Eastern Illinois (C&EI)
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-6-04-6-04-6-04-6-04-6-0
Number in Class22662
Road Numbers15-16/215-216215-216/609-6109-14/209-214/600-603153-158/611-615289-290/617-618
GaugeStdStdStdStdStd
Number Built2662
BuilderBurnham, Parry, Williams & CoC&ICBurnham, Parry, Williams & CoPittsburghBurnham, Williams & Co
Year1886188619001905
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft)10.6710.6713.8314.5013.50
Engine Wheelbase (ft)20.8220.832425.5827.58
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.51 0.51 0.58 0.57 0.49
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft)46.2546.4246.7954.9655.67
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs)
Weight on Drivers (lbs)70,00070,00068,000127,000145,260
Engine Weight (lbs)92,00092,00092,000165,000191,060
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs)77,50062,000126,000120,000
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs)169,500154,000291,000311,060
Tender Water Capacity (gals)26004000262560006000
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons)812
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd)3939387181
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in)5656567862
Boiler Pressure (psi)130145140200225
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in)18" x 24"18" x 24"18" x 24"20" x 26"15.5" x 26"
Low Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in)26" x 26"
Tractive Effort (lbs)15,34417,11416,52422,66728,432
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.56 4.09 4.12 5.60 5.11
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft)140130.90120208.50160.70
Grate Area (sq ft)69.5028.8416.4035.8046.69
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft)10181381118324123094
Superheating Surface (sq ft)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft)10181381118324123094
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume144.02195.37167.36255.13544.89
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation903541822296716010,505
Same as above plus superheater percentage903541822296716010,505
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area18,20018,98116,80041,70036,158
Power L129493897329695015672
Power MT278.63368.20320.58494.79258.25

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassG-5G-6G-6-simpledG-7G-7 - superheated
Locobase ID7162 7134 15,913 7143 7170
RailroadEvansville & Terre Haute (C&EI)Chicago & Eastern Illinois (C&EI)Chicago & Eastern Illinois (C&EI)Chicago & Indiana Coal (C&EI)Chicago & Eastern Illinois (C&EI)
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-6-04-6-04-6-04-6-04-6-0
Number in Class255141
Road Numbers619-620159-163/621-625159-163/621-625275-288/626-639626
GaugeStdStdStdStdStd
Number Built2514
BuilderAlco-SchenectadyAlco-Rhode IslandAlco-Rhode IslandAlco-Schenectadyshops
Year19051902190719031930
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonStephensonSouthern
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft)14.8313131313
Engine Wheelbase (ft)25.7524.5824.4124.4224.42
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.58 0.53 0.53 0.53 0.53
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft)54.83533.6754.8354.83
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs)
Weight on Drivers (lbs)135,000135,000135,000132,600143,200
Engine Weight (lbs)180,000170,000170,000174,000192,200
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs)124,000120,000124,500120,000143,300
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs)304,000290,000294,500294,000335,500
Tender Water Capacity (gals)60006000600060007500
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons)121114
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd)7575757480
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in)6363636368
Boiler Pressure (psi)200200200200190
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in)21" x 26"22" x 30" (1)20" x 30"21" x 28"22" x 28"
Low Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in)35" x 30" (1)
Tractive Effort (lbs)30,94028,08532,38133,32032,186
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.36 4.81 4.17 3.98 4.45
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft)170148148148148
Grate Area (sq ft)47.6050.2650.1550.1650.16
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft)28422795279426281978
Superheating Surface (sq ft)474
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft)28422795279426282452
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume272.67423.52256.14234.13160.56
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation952010,05210,03010,0329530
Same as above plus superheater percentage952010,05210,03010,03211,341
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area34,00029,60029,60029,60033,463
Power L1743944446803630112,208
Power MT364.45217.72333.29314.28563.84

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassT-23/G-1
Locobase ID7161
RailroadEvansville & Terre Haute (C & EI)
CountryUSA
Whyte4-6-0
Number in Class5
Road Numbers120-124/520-524/604-608
GaugeStd
Number Built5
BuilderBurnham, Williams & Co
Year1893
Valve GearStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft)12.50
Engine Wheelbase (ft)23.25
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.54
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft)49.92
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs)
Weight on Drivers (lbs)119,100
Engine Weight (lbs)138,000
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs)80,000
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs)218,000
Tender Water Capacity (gals)4000
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons)7
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd)66
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in)51
Boiler Pressure (psi)175
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in)20" x 24"
Tractive Effort (lbs)28,000
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.25
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft)188.40
Grate Area (sq ft)28.50
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft)1989
Superheating Surface (sq ft)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft)1989
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume227.92
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation4988
Same as above plus superheater percentage4988
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area32,970
Power L14996
Power MT277.44

Reference


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