Charleston & Western Carolina 4-6-0 "Ten-wheeler" Locomotives of the USA

Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 209 (Locobase 12254)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University Volume 21, p. 129. Works numbers were 15715-15719 in February 1898.

The C & WC was a product of the South Carolina legislature's insistence in 1894 that the financially precarious Central of Georgia give up its South Carolina railroads.

The SC legislature argued that Georgia received most of the benefit of the traffic despite its short 14-mile slice of the railroads established when the railroad crossed the Savannah River briefly on its run up to Western South Carolina. According to the estimable Georgia Railroad History site (, "These were the Port Royal & Augusta Railway, which ran from the South Carolina coast to Augusta, and the Port Royal & Western Carolina Railway, which linked Augusta with Greenville and several other towns in the South Carolina piedmont." The total was 319 miles

Almost as soon as the ink was dry on the new railway's papers, the Atlantic Coast Line gained financial control. This was about the same time that the 5 Ten-wheelers shown in this entry and the Eight-wheeler in Locobase 12255 were delivered. But the ACL didn't immediately divest the C & WC of its separate identity. In fact that merger didn't occur for 5 decades.

All of the engines gave 30+ years of service. 213 was scrapped first in June 1930. The others all went in 1934, the locomotives being scrapped in July, May, June, and April in respective numerical order.

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Locobase ID12,254
RailroadCharleston & Western Carolina
Number in Class5
Road Numbers209-213
Number Built5
BuilderBurnham, Williams & Co
Valve GearStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft)11.33
Engine Wheelbase (ft)21.58
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.53
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft)47.96
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs)
Weight on Drivers (lbs)90,000
Engine Weight (lbs)117,000
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs)70,000
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs)187,000
Tender Water Capacity (gals)3500
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons)
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd)50
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in)56
Boiler Pressure (psi)180
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in)18" x 24"
Tractive Effort (lbs)21,245
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.24
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft)146
Grate Area (sq ft)22.10
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft)1635
Superheating Surface (sq ft)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft)1635
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume231.31
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation3978
Same as above plus superheater percentage3978
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area26,280
Power L15621
Power MT413.07

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